Chemistry in the real world ertel

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Chemistry in the real world ertel

  1. 1. Chemistry In The Real World<br />Gasoline<br />By Andrew Ertel<br />
  2. 2. Gasoline Uses<br />Used to fuel almost every car on the road.<br />Before being used to fuel cars, it was used to remove lice from hair.<br />
  3. 3. Gasoline’s Journey<br />
  4. 4. Gas Chemical Formula<br />Gas does not have a specific chemical formula, but an average chemical formula for it is C8H18.<br />
  5. 5. How Gas Is Made<br /> Gas is made from crude oil. The crude oil is heated through a process called “Fractional Distillation”, where the different carbons separate. This process creates about 250 mL of straight gas per each liter of crude oil. This process is done in a refinery. <br />
  6. 6. Oil<br />Oil is a hydrocarbon derived from organic material typically from seas and lakes burned under great pressure and heat.<br />Oil has 3 main properties: Density, Viscosity, and Solubility.<br />There are 5 primary types<br />
  7. 7. Gasoline Fun Facts<br />The United States produces 6.5 million barrels of oil a day.<br />In the United States we use about 400 million gallons of gas a day.<br />
  8. 8. Dangers of Gasoline<br />Oil Spills<br />Flammability<br />Fumes<br />
  9. 9. Current Oil Spill<br />The rig is currently spilling greater than 5,000 barrels per day. It has been leaking for more than a month. <br />The Oil will contaminate any seafood from the gulf, and also has put many animals lives in danger that live in the gulf .<br />
  10. 10. Sources<br />http://www.opec.org/faqs.htm<br />http://www.squidoo.com/howgasismade<br />http://www.enjoyestespark.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2009/08/red_gas_pump.jpg<br />http://assets.nydailynews.com/img/2010/05/17/alg_oil_rig.jpg<br />http://blog.nola.com/news_impact/2008/07/large_spill.JPG<br />

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