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  • 1. The Specifics of Research Papers
  • 2. Why use MLA Format
    • Builds your credibility
    • Gives credit to outside sources
    • Keeps you from plagiarizing
  • 3. What it includes
    • Double spaced throughout
    • Standard 12 point font
    • Opening header
    • Page numbers on each page
    • Title
    • Internal citations
    • Works cited page
  • 4. Sample Opening page
  • 5. MLA In-Text Citations
    • In MLA style, referring to the works of others in your text is done by using what is known as parenthetical citation. This method involves placing relevant source information in parentheses after a quote or a paraphrase.
    • “ Give me liberty, or give me death” (Henry 5).
    • Any source information that you provide in-text must correspond to the source information on the Works Cited page .
  • 6. Samples
  • 7. MLA Author-Page Style
    • The author's name may appear either in the sentence itself or in parentheses following the quotation or paraphrase, but the page number(s) should always appear in the parentheses , not in the text of your sentence. For example:
    • Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (263). Romantic poetry is characterized by the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (Wordsworth 263).
    • All citations tell readers that the information in the sentence can be located on page 263 of a work by an author named Wordsworth. If readers want more information, they can turn to the Works Cited page, where they would find the following:
    • Wordsworth, William. Lyrical Ballads . London: Oxford U.P., 1967. Print.
  • 8. MLA Documentation
    • In-text Citations: Print Sources with Known Author
    • For Print sources like books, magazines, scholarly journal articles, and newspapers, provide the author’s last name and a page number. If you provide the name in the sentence, you do not need to include it in the parenthetical citation.
    • In-text Citations: Print Sources with No Known Author
    • When a source has no known author, use a shortened title of the work instead of an author name. Place the title in quotation marks if it's a short work ( articles) or italicize it if it's a longer work (plays, books, television shows, websites) and provide a page number.
  • 9. Quoting, Paraphrasing, & Summarizing
    • Quotations must be identical to the original, using a narrow segment of the source. They must match the source document word for word and must be attributed to the original author.
    • Paraphrasing involves putting a passage from source material into your own words. A paraphrase must be attributed to the original source. Paraphrased material is usually shorter than the original passage, taking a somewhat broader segment of the source and condensing it slightly.
    • Summarizing involves putting the main idea(s) into your own words. It is necessary to attribute summarized ideas to the original source. Summaries are significantly shorter than the original and take a broad overview of the source material.
  • 10. When a Citation is not Needed
    • Common sense and ethics should determine your need for documenting sources. You do not need to give sources for familiar proverbs, well-known quotations or common knowledge.