Like many European
countries, Britain also
became dependant on the
United States. Britain was
able to recover quickly with
the help of US Marshall Aid
All citizens of Britain got
equal rights. For everyone
there were enough work.
Wages were increased.
Working hours were regulated.
time to enjoy
went to watch
In the evenings
they could go to
began to go for
holidays. The car
had a car,
people had. It
seemed as if
the sun shone
on Britain. As
had it so
This age was named after "youthful age". Because many
youth had money in their pocket. Because of this,
youth began to influence fashion, particularly in
clothing and music. Beatles, whose music quickly
became internationally known is pivot of this age.
Beatles were working-class boys from Liverpool. They
were real representatives of a popular culture.
Youthful had a suspicious over the authority
and culture which had been brought up.
They rebelled against the sexual rules of
Christian society. Without getting married,
some people began to live together. Their
numbers grew discernibly. Improvements
in birth control made this more open
sexual behavior possible.
Divorce rose up, and by
1975 one marriage in
three ended in
divorce: the highest
rate in Europe. Older
people called new
youth culture the
Perhaps the clearest
symbol of this age
was the mini skirt, a
far shorter skirt than
had ever been worn
There was a limit in this society. Two cabinet
ministers, one 1963, the other in 1983, had
to leave the government because of their
sexual relationships outside marriage.
Public disapproval was important for this
A Popular Monarchy
• Popular monarchy is a system of
monarchical governance in which the
monarch's title is linked with a popular
mandate rather than a constitutional state.
• It was the norm in some places (such as
Scotland) from the Middle Ages, and was
occasionally used in 19th- and 20thcentury Europe, often reflecting the results
of a populist revolution.
* The monarchy used to be far more
popular in the past. During the first half
of the 20th century, the Royal Family
enjoyed a status similar to today's
celebrities and film stars.
* Since then British society has
undergone a number of successive
transformations and the Royal Family's
popularity has largely eroded away.
During the twentieth century the
monarchy became more popular than
* On Christmas Day, 1932,
George V used the new
BBC radio service to
speak to all peoples of
the Commonwealth and
* His broadcast was
enormously popular, and
began a tradition.
In 1935 George V celebrated his Silver
* To his own great surprise, George V
had become a people’s king.
* In 1936 the monarchy
experienced a serious
crisis when Edward VIII
gave up the throne
in order to marry a divorced woman.
* Divorce was still strongly disapproved of
that time and it caused much discussion.
* During the Second World War George
VI, Edward’s brother, became loved
for his visits to the bombed areas of
* In 1952, when Elizabeth II became
queen, the monarchy has steadily
increased in popularity.
Gözde DİKMEN 212050
success started an
trains of changes.
- Some sections of popular
culture that The Beatles played
an important part -
* The mop-top haircut
Album format and covers
• Prior to The Beatles'
influence, record albums
were of secondary
consideration to singles
("45s") in mass marketing.
Albums contained largely
along with one or two hits.
In the 2003
song “All You
Need is Love"
• There are numerous
references to the Beatles,
such as Barney dating a
Japanese conceptual artist (a
parody of Yoko Ono) playing
a song that repeats "number
8”, and the Be Sharps
naming their second album
"bigger than Jesus"
Sesame Street featured a
parody band called "the
Beetles", a group of four bugs
with Liverpool accents and
Beatle hair performing parodies
of their songs, such as “Letter
B" and "Hey Food".
It is a term
that is very
The Beatles had
influences and they
became the most
influential band of all
The 1960s was also the
coming-of-age generation as
the society sought for its
The Beatles were affected by
all of these social,
technological, and economic