Medieval Art


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Our class report in Art Appreciation regarding The Medieval Art

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Medieval Art

  1. 1. Religious basedSimilarity in subjectsSymbolism rather than realismStory tellingSize(bigger means more important)
  2. 2. Christianity (from the Greek word Khristos, "Christ", literally "anointed one") is a monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth.Main beliefs of Christianity* belief in God the Father, Jesus Christ as the Son of God and the Holy Spirit* the death, descent into hell, resurrection, and ascension of Christ* the holiness of the Church and the communion of saints* Christs second coming, the Day of Judgment and salvation of the faithful.* The Ten Commandments
  3. 3. A major turning point in Christian history occurred when the Roman Emperor Constantineconverted to Christianity. Whether this conversion was sincere or politically motivated,historians can only speculate. But the result was the end of persecution of Christians and the beginning of Christendom.The Edict of Milan was issued by Emperor Constantine I in A.D. 313. It declared theRoman Empires new found policy of tolerance toward worship of Christianity. Christianswere subsequently allowed to worship their religion in public places, and had all relics andproperties that had been taken by the Romans returned to them.
  4. 4. Christian art bring us continual peace, quiet joy and timeless inspiration.We treasure Christian art because it expresses all of the emotions that we feel inour Christian life. It portrays the truth of the Bible and takes us all the way backto the times of the Bible to "see" how it might have been.Christian art is defined by every Bible subject from Jesus to angels. Theselection is never ending and we are blessed with the opportunity to fill ourhome and hearts with the Bible portrayed in beautiful Christian art.
  5. 5. FIRST FORMS OF CHRISTIAN ART. The catacombs are the ancient underground cemeteries, used by theChristian and the Jewish communities, above all at Rome. For Christians, burial isjust a temporary moment while they wait for the final resurrection. There are two categories of images painted on walls and ceilings andcarved in the Christian catacombs. In one category, we find scenes depictingstories from scripture. That, of course, does not surprise us. However, in thesecond category, there are many images which are unrelated to specific biblestories. In fact, these images are shared, both in design and in meaning.
  6. 6. Leonardo Da Vinci
  7. 7. You can see that every singleelement of the painting directsones attention straight to themidpoint of the composition,Christs head. Its arguably thegreatest example of one pointperspective ever created.
  8. 8. The Byzantine Empire or Eastern Roman Empire, was the Roman Empireduring the Middle Ages, centered on the capital of Constantinople, and ruled byEmperors. It was called the Roman Empire by its inhabitants and its neighbors, and was also known as RomaniaConstantine the Great wanted this city to be built from scratch as the centerof the Christian world. He and his following emperors made Constantinopleinto one of the most elaborate and civilized cities in the world.
  9. 9. Byzantine paintings and mosaics Images are not friendly, they look at the frontare characterized by rich use of colorAnd figures which seem flat and stiff Not naturalistic and full of ConventionalismThe figures also tend to appear to befloating, and to have large eyes. Deformations and too stylized featuresBackgrounds tend to be solidly golden or toned. flat w/o shades or differences colors are of tonalityByzantine architects favored the centralImages are limited by thick black linesplan covered by a huge dome. to give impression of deepness they draw parallel linesDont use perspective
  10. 10. Iconography is the branch of art history which studies the identification,description, and the interpretation of the content of images. The word iconographyliterally means "image writing",Icon creates reverence in worship and serves as an existential link to God.Icon has been called prayer, hymn, sermon in form and color. Its used as anobject or veneration in Orthodox churches and private homes. Learn how to identify the saints in medieval and renaissance art. Read the stories that the paintings refer to.
  11. 11. The art of the Romanesque period was characterized by an important revival ofmonumental forms, notably sculpture and fresco painting, which developed inclose association with architectural decoration and exhibited a forceful and oftenseverely structural quality. At the same time an element of realism, which parallels the first flowering of vernacular literature, came to the fore. It was expressed interms of a direct and naive observation of certain details drawn from daily lifeand a heightened emphasis on emotion and fantasy.Each building has clearly defined forms and they are frequently of very regular,symmetrical plan so that the overall appearance is one of simplicity has clearly defined forms and they are frequently of very regular, symmetrical plan so thatthe overall appearance is one of simplicity
  12. 12. * harmonious proportions* stone barrel vault or groin vault* thick and heavy walls* thick and heavy pillars* small windows* round arches supporting the roof* round "blind arches" used extensively for decoration inside and out* nave with side aisles* Darker simplistic interiors* a transept* an ambulatory (often with radiating chapels) around the apse* multiple towers, usually at the west end and over the transept crossing* sculptured decoration on portals, capitals and other surfaces* painted decoration throughout the interior )
  13. 13. The word "Gothic" for art was initially used as a synonym for "Barbaric", and wastherefore used as a negative term of opprobrium: this type of Medieval art wasconsidered as unrefined and barbaric, too remote from the aesthetic proportionsand shapes Primary media in the Gothic period included sculpture, panel painting, stained glass, fresco and illuminated manuscript.The paintings were at least half shrouded in darkness as if to revere the harsh past, and led to the light of Christianity and naturalism.
  14. 14. *Pointed Arch*Flying Buttresses*Stained Glass windows and Rose type of windows*Elaborate,ornate interior*Taller more airy, lots of light*Lavish sculpture-larger than life*Gargoyles- began as a water sprout -people add them for beauty,protection and water diversion some people believe that they keep evil spirits from buildings by scaring them away