Write for Media ucsd_ext_spring12_5 pt1

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This session addresses techniques writing and producing stories for radio and TV.

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  • Write for Media ucsd_ext_spring12_5 pt1

    1. 1. Writing for Media Session #5, Part #1 “Reporting w/ Audio and Video” UCSD Extension Spring 2012
    2. 2. Radio Journalism• BBC (generated globally in diff. languages)• Voice of America (govt. run)• NPR (National Public Radio)• Satellite radio (SiriusXM)• Local radio news: KFI, KSDO, KFMB, XTRA• Web (podcasts freed us from radio, iTunes)
    3. 3. Advantages of Audio• Easy to produce• Take a story beyond text• Give sources a “voice” (literally!)• Allows listeners to see with their mind• Allows audience to multitask (while listen)• Mobile journalism (smartphones, tablets)
    4. 4. Writing to be Heard• Titles before names• No abbreviations, except FBI, UN, CIA• Numbers and stats rounded off• Personalize (second person -- “you”)• Avoid symbols (“4-dollars”)• Phonetic spelling for difficult words/names
    5. 5. Writing to Hear (cont.)• Avoid third-person pronouns• Avoid apposition (confusing)• Avoid extended title descriptions• Write in present tense (immediacy)• Avoid dependent clauses at sentence beginning (use: subject, verb, object)
    6. 6. Recording Audio• Sounds is everything!• Find quiet place for recording• Get used to the sound of your voice• Listen before you record (any noise?)• Practice your speaking voice (clarity)• Add personality to your voice
    7. 7. Editing Audio• Multiple tracks (mixing sounds)• Beginnings and endings (intros)• Standard constructions and techniques• Audacity (PC)• Garageband (Mac)
    8. 8. Ethics of Audio• Get permission to record somebody• Learn to be silent when interviewing• Use music sparingly• Don’t coach interviewee (no script)• Don’t interrupt interviewee
    9. 9. Audio Slideshow• Telling a story with pictures• Create natural sequence• Best quality photos• Writing a script to match picture sequence• Ambient sounds and/or music
    10. 10. Video Story Telling• Story idea• Keep it simple• Who is involved?• Central idea• Location• Timing
    11. 11. Shooting the Video• Plan and think• Framing• Headroom• Holding the camera (tripod)• Camera angles• Shoot a lot and carry a pen and notebook
    12. 12. Editing Video• Create storyboards to outline• Simplify transitions• Use cutaways (variety)• Establishing shots• Pacing• Sound! (high quality, good mic)
    13. 13. Questions...

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