0
Diagrammatic knowledge modeling for managers  – ontology-based approach Keywords:   knowledge visualization, diagram, visu...
Research questions <ul><li>What diagrams/ visual modeling languages are the most suitable for the specific type of knowled...
Ontology Design Pattern (ODP)   An ODP is a modeling solution to solve a recurrent ontology design problem.  It is a templ...
Method <ul><li>Define the knowledge types using competency questions;  </li></ul><ul><li>Specify the knowledge types using...
Knowledge types description using competency questions
The list of the ODPs for the knowledge types  Knowledge type Ontology Design Patterns WHAT-knowledge “ Part of”, “Classifi...
Example diagram specification: Organizational chart Name, Thumbnail Definition Conceptual model Core elements Diagram Orga...
Example alignment between knowledge type and diagram specifications K-type Competency question/-s ODP Diagram Conceptual m...
Diagrams vs. knowledge types
Usage scenarios Usage scenarios Input Output Scenario A Knowledge type List of relevant diagrams Scenario B Competency que...
Related work and novelty <ul><li>The main research results of our paper are: </li></ul><ul><li>Specifications for the “7W”...
Future work <ul><li>Link with situational method engineering, </li></ul><ul><li>Ontology-based visual modeling language co...
REFERENCES <ul><li>Eisenstadt, M., Domingue, J., et al.. 1990. Visual knowledge engineering. IEEE Transactions on Software...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Diagrammatic knowledge modeling for managers – ontology-based approach

1,086

Published on

Diagrams are an effective and popular tool for visual knowledge structuring. Managers also often use them to acquire and transfer business knowledge. There are many currently available diagrams or visual modeling languages for managerial needs, unfortunately the choice between them is frequently error-prone and inconsistent. This situation raises the next questions. What diagrams/ visual modeling languages are the most suitable for the specific type of business content? What domain-specific diagrams are the most suitable for the visualization of the particular elements of organizational ontology? In order to provide the answers, the paper suggests light-weight specification of diagrams and knowledge content types, which is based on the competency questions and ontology design patterns. The proposed approach provides the classification of qualitative business diagrams.

Kudryavtsev, D. V., Gavrilova, T. A. (2011). Diagrammatic knowledge modeling for managers – ontology-based approach. Accepted poster. International Conference on Knowledge engineering and Ontology Development, 26-29 October, 2011, Paris, France. P. 386-389.

Published in: Business, Education, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,086
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
33
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Diagrammatic knowledge modeling for managers – ontology-based approach"

  1. 1. Diagrammatic knowledge modeling for managers – ontology-based approach Keywords: knowledge visualization, diagram, visual modelling language, ontology, ontology design pattern, business. Abstract: Diagrams are an effective and popular tool for visual knowledge structuring. Managers also often use them to acquire and transfer business knowledge. There are many currently available diagrams or visual modeling languages for managerial needs, unfortunately the choice between them is frequently error-prone and inconsistent. This situation raises the next questions. What diagrams/ visual modeling languages are the most suitable for the specific type of business content? What domain-specific diagrams are the most suitable for the visualization of the particular elements of organizational ontology? In order to provide the answers, the paper suggests light-weight specification of diagrams and knowledge content types, which is based on the competency questions and ontology design patterns. The proposed approach provides the classification of qualitative business diagrams. Dmitry Kudryavtsev Intelligent Computer Technologies Dpt., Saint-Petersburg State Polytechnic University, Russia [email_address] Tatiana Gavrilova Graduate School of Management, Saint-Petersburg State University, Russia [email_address]
  2. 2. Research questions <ul><li>What diagrams/ visual modeling languages are the most suitable for the specific type of knowledge (content)? </li></ul><ul><li>What diagrams/ visual modeling languages are the most suitable for the visualization of the particular ontology view? </li></ul>(Lengler & Eppler, 2007)
  3. 3. Ontology Design Pattern (ODP) An ODP is a modeling solution to solve a recurrent ontology design problem. It is a template that represents a schema for specific design solutions. An ODP consists of a set of “prototypical” ontology entities that constitute the “abstract form” of a pattern, and of a set of metadata about its use cases, motivations, provenance, the pros and cons of its application, the links to other patterns, etc. http://ontologydesignpatterns.org/ “ part of” pattern Knowledge types Diagram types/ visual modeling languages APPROACH “ WHAT” “ WHAT FOR” “ HOW” “ WHO” “ WHERE” “ WHEN” “ WHY” Conceptual representation Strategic representation Functional representation Organisational representation Spatial representation Temporal representation Causal representation
  4. 4. Method <ul><li>Define the knowledge types using competency questions; </li></ul><ul><li>Specify the knowledge types using ODPs; </li></ul><ul><li>Identify and specify diagram types (which will potentially correspond to the suggested knowledge types); </li></ul><ul><li>Align ontology-based specifications of knowledge types and diagrams; </li></ul><ul><li>Classify diagrams according to knowledge types based on the ODP alignment. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Knowledge types description using competency questions
  6. 6. The list of the ODPs for the knowledge types Knowledge type Ontology Design Patterns WHAT-knowledge “ Part of”, “Classification” * “ Subclass”, “Type” ** HOW-knowledge “ Action sequence” (Action + Sequence), “Controlflow” * “ Action pre-condition” (Source: (Uschold, King, Moralee, & Zorgios, 1998) WHO-knowledge “ Role-task”, “AgentRole” * WHAT-FOR-knowledge “ Help achieve” ODP (Source: (Uschold, King, Moralee, & Zorgios, 1998) WHEN-knowledge “ TimeInterval”, “TimeIndexedSituation” * WHERE-knowledge “ Place” * Incomplete list of ontology design patterns Sources: * - http://ontologydesignpatterns.org/ , ** - http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-owl-features-20040210/
  7. 7. Example diagram specification: Organizational chart Name, Thumbnail Definition Conceptual model Core elements Diagram Organizational chart a diagram that shows the structure of an organization and the relationships and relative ranks of its parts and positions/jobs. Organizational unit, Position, Manage (EO) / subordinate relations, include/ assigned to has sub-unit … … … …
  8. 8. Example alignment between knowledge type and diagram specifications K-type Competency question/-s ODP Diagram Conceptual model WHO Who performs smth? (informal) What roles are this task (action) of? “ Role task” ODP Swim-lane diagram … … … … …
  9. 9. Diagrams vs. knowledge types
  10. 10. Usage scenarios Usage scenarios Input Output Scenario A Knowledge type List of relevant diagrams Scenario B Competency question(-s) List of relevant diagrams Scenario C Ontology design patterns List of relevant diagrams Scenario D Ontology view List of relevant diagrams
  11. 11. Related work and novelty <ul><li>The main research results of our paper are: </li></ul><ul><li>Specifications for the “7W” knowledge types; </li></ul><ul><li>Diagrams systematization, which is grounded on ontological specifications. </li></ul><ul><li>5-step process to extend knowledge types’ specification and to classify new diagrams based on the content perspective. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Existing classifications of diagrams </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Theoretical classifications ( Lengler & Eppler, 2007), (Lohse, Biolsi, Walker, & Rueter, 1994) </li></ul><ul><li>Practice-driven classifications (Visio, Smart Draw) </li></ul><ul><li>Enterprise architecture based classifications: Archimate (Jonkers et al., 2003), MEMO (Frank, 2002), IBM Enterprise framework or populated Zachman Framework </li></ul><ul><li>either are too general , </li></ul><ul><li>or have rather inconsistent classification criteria , </li></ul><ul><li>or have limited set of diagrams , which do not cover all the “7W” knowledge types. </li></ul><ul><li>The suggested categories are specified insufficiently to choose diagrams and add new ones </li></ul>Semantic specifications for popular diagrams : BPMN, UML, Strategy maps (Belecheanu et al., 2007; Cabral et al., 2009; Giannoulis, Petit, & Zdravkovic, 2010; Guizzardi, 2005; Thomas & Fellmann, 2007) Do not cover all the popular business diagrams / visual languages, were suggested by independent teams and must be integrated. mostly cover the area of business processes.
  12. 12. Future work <ul><li>Link with situational method engineering, </li></ul><ul><li>Ontology-based visual modeling language construction. </li></ul>
  13. 13. REFERENCES <ul><li>Eisenstadt, M., Domingue, J., et al.. 1990. Visual knowledge engineering. IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, 16(10), 1164-1177. </li></ul><ul><li>Eppler, M., & Burkhard, R., 2007. Visual representations in knowledge management: framework and cases. J/ of Knowledge Management, 11(4), 112-122. </li></ul><ul><li>Filipowska, A., Hepp, M., et al., 2009. Organisational Ontology Framework for Semantic Business Process Management. In W. Abramowicz (Ed.), Business Information Systems, Vol. 21, 1-12. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. </li></ul><ul><li>Frank U., 2002. Multi-Perspective Enterprise Modeling (MEMO) - Conceptual Framework and Modeling Languages. In Proceedings of the 35th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, 35, 1258–1267. </li></ul><ul><li>Gangemi, A., & Presutti, V., 2009. Ontology Design Patterns. In Steffen Staab & Rudi Studer (Eds.), Handbook on Ontologies, 221-243. </li></ul><ul><li>Gavrilova, T., & Voinov, A., 1998. Work in progress: Visual specification of knowledge bases. In A. Pasqual del Pobil, et al. (Eds.), Tasks and Methods in Applied Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 1416, 717-726. </li></ul><ul><li>Guizzardi, G., Pires, L. F., & Sinderen, M., 2006. Ontology-Based Evaluation and Design of Domain-Specific Visual Modeling Languages. In A. G. Nilsson, et al. (Eds.), Advances in Information Systems Development, 217-228. </li></ul><ul><li>Gómez-Pérez, A., Suárez de Figueroa Baonza, M. C., & Villazón, B., 2008. NeOn Methodology for Building Ontology Networks: Ontology Specification. </li></ul><ul><li>Harel, D., & Rumpe, B., 2000. Modeling Languages: Syntax, Semantics and All That Stuff, Part I: The Basic Stuff. </li></ul><ul><li>Jonkers, H., Burren, R. van, Arbab, F., Boer, F. de, Bonsangue, M., Bosma, H., et al., 2003. Towards a language for coherent enterprise architecture descriptions. Seventh IEEE Int. Enterprise Distributed Object Computing Conf., 28-37. </li></ul><ul><li>Karagiannis, D. and K¨uhn, H., 2002. Metamodelling Platforms. Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference EC-Web 2002 - Dexa 2002, Aix-en-Provence, France. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 2455, 182–196. </li></ul><ul><li>Katifori, A., Halatsis, C., Lepouras, G., Vassilakis, C., & Giannopoulou, E., 2007. Ontology visualization methods - a survey. ACM Comput. Surv. 39, 4, 1–43. </li></ul><ul><li>Kipling, J. R., 1912. The Elephant's Child,&quot; in The Just So Stories, The Country Life Press, Garden City, NY. </li></ul><ul><li>Kudryavtsev, D., & Grigoriev, L., 2011. The Ontology-based Business Architecture Engineering Framework. Accepted paper for The 10th International Conference on Intelligent Software Methodologies, Tools and Techniques, SOMET 2011. P. 21. </li></ul><ul><li>Lengler, R., & Eppler, M., 2007. Towards a Periodic Table of Visualization Methods for Management. Proc. of the Conference on Graphics and Visualization in Engineering, 2007, 1-6. </li></ul><ul><li>Lohse, G. L., Biolsi, K., Walker, N., & Rueter, H. H., 1994. A classification of visual representations. Communications of the ACM, 37(12), 36-49. </li></ul><ul><li>Uschold, M., King, M., Moralee, S., & Zorgios, Y., 1998. The Enterprise Ontology. The Knowledge Engineering Review, 13(1), 31-89. </li></ul><ul><li>Zachman, J., 2003. The Zachman Framework for Enterprise Architecture: A Primer for Enterprise Engineering and Manufacturing. </li></ul>
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×