jQuery Conference San Diego 2014 - Web Performance
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jQuery Conference San Diego 2014 - Web Performance

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jQuery Conference San Diego 2014 - Web Performance jQuery Conference San Diego 2014 - Web Performance Presentation Transcript

  • jQuery and Web Performance Dave Methvin President, jQuery Foundation Lead Developer, jQuery Core
  • jQuery Foundation ● Maintains jQuery code and docs ● Supports web developers and standards ● Participates in standards process ○ W3C web standards ○ ECMA 262 (JavaScript) ● Hosts conferences (like this one!)
  • jQuery Core 1.11 and 2.1 • • • Shipped last month We didn't break a lot of things! "jQuery Served Your Way" ™ o Support for IE 6/7/8 (1.11) or not (2.1) o Custom builds for smaller size o Use with node, browserify, or inside apps
  • builtwith.com
  • jQuery Team - World Wide
  • http://contribute.jquery.org
  • PERFORMANCE
  • "JavaScript / jQuery / browsers are a bad developer environment!"
  • A poor workman blames his tools
  • How the Programmer Sees It JavaScript Browser
  • Web Developer's Reality Content caching HTML CSS Screen paints Network requests Browser Layout calculation Image decoding Keyboard Touch Focus management Mouse JavaScript
  • Web Developer's Reality Content caching HTML CSS Screen paints Network requests Browser JavaScript Layout calculation Image decoding Keyboard Touch Focus management Mouse Optional
  • How Do I Make My Page Fast? 1)Find slow stuff 2)Make it not slow
  • How Do I Find the Slow Stuff? What you can measure using tools today
  • How Do I Find the Slow Stuff? What you can measure using tools today What you should measure
  • JavaScript Loop Optimization
  • JavaScript Loop Optimization Slowest looping style still only takes 140 microseconds to do 10 iterations of a loop
  • “Programmers waste enormous amounts of time thinking about, or worrying about, the speed of noncritical parts of their programs, and these attempts at efficiency actually have a strong negative impact when debugging and maintenance are considered. We should forget about small efficiencies, say about 97% of the time; premature optimization is the root of all evil. Yet we should not pass up our opportunities in that critical 3%.” --Donald Knuth
  • “Programmers waste enormous amounts of time thinking about, or worrying about, the speed of noncritical parts of their programs, and these attempts at efficiency actually have a strong negative impact when debugging and maintenance are considered. We should forget about small efficiencies, say about 97% of the time; premature optimization is the root of all evil. Yet we should not pass up our opportunities in that critical 3%.” --Donald Knuth
  • This Should Be You, 97% of the Time
  • Finding and Fixing the 3 Percent • • • Client-side issues often can be solved by "peephole" optimizations and don't require massive architecture changes Many — most! — speedups can be done near the end of the project (or even after deployment, cough)
  • Page Load Performance
  • How the Browser Loads Pages 1) Browser fetches index.html 2) Pre-fetcher scans HTML for resources (images, CSS, scripts) and requests them immediately 3) Browser loads / runs JavaScript when encountered during parsing (since scripts can write out new HTML!) 4) When HTML is fully loaded and parsed, browser calls DOMContentLoaded handlers (jQuery .ready()) 5) Browser does initial rendering of the page (finally the user sees something!)
  • Now It May Seem Obvious, But... • Resources not already in the HTML file can't be prefetched, resulting in further delays o • e.g. stuff injected by your JavaScript/jQuery JS frameworks or initial content rendered from some client-side templates can make the prefetcher useless
  • Manual Prefetching Lets you tell the browser get a running start on template content or deeper pages in the site. <link rel="dns-prefetch" href="media.mysite.com"> <link rel="prefetch" href="/img/kitten.jpg">
  • YSlow
  • Google PageSpeed
  • modern.IE
  • webpagetest.org
  • Here Are Your Blocking Resources
  • Here Are Your Blocking Resources Advertising!
  • You Have 16 Milliseconds … Begin 60 frames/second ~ 16 milliseconds/frame • • Long-running operations can make the page appear "janky" rather than smooth Really long-running operations can make the page appear unresponsive to the user
  • It Happens in 16 Milliseconds? From High Performance Browser Networking by Ilya Grigorik (O'Reilly)
  • Adventures in Dirty Layout :visible :hidden
  • "The Dot That Ate Performance" console.time("init"); $("body").removeClass("activated"); $("p:visible").css("color", "blue"); console.timeEnd("init");
  • "Hey Browser Can I Bug You?" 30 ms
  • What If We Track Visibility? console.time("init"); $("body").removeClass("activated"); $("p.visible").css("color", "blue"); console.timeEnd("init");
  • "Never Mind Browser, I Know This" 8 ms
  • Chrome's Yellow Triangle
  • IE11: Layout after offsetWidth/Height
  • Avoiding Forced Layout ● ● Look out for :visible or :hidden ● Minimize document-wide style/class changes ○ Use data- attrs or jQuery `.data()` if non-stylistic ● Get JavaScript out of the path ○ ○ CSS transitions CSS animations
  • Using Dev Tools Profilers When JavaScript really is the problem (or seems to be), a profiler can find the hot spots.
  • A Real Site: gimmickbook.com
  • What's Wrong? • • • Stutters during infinite scroll Seems to get worse as the page grows Using the jQuery Masonry plugin
  • What's Wrong? Faster!
  • Forced Layout/Reflow Chrome's Event tab shows JavaScript has forced layouts
  • Chrome Profile ("Tree")
  • IE 11 Profile ("Call Tree")
  • What Does This Code Look Like?
  • Moral of the Story Infinite scroll should not be used with full-page layout algorithms! In this case, the plugin could be changed to only lay out the new items, since nothing above them changed.
  • You Have the Tools, Use Them!
  • $("#talk") .find(".useful") .append(contactInfo) .end(); Twitter: @davemethvin GitHub: @dmethvin IRC (Freenode): DaveMethvin #jquery-dev Email: dave@jquery.com