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WWII Overview

WWII Overview



An overview of World War II

An overview of World War II



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    WWII Overview WWII Overview Presentation Transcript

    • World War II An overview of the Major Events and Key Players.
    • Key Players in the War
      • Axis Powers
      • Adolf Hitler
      • Benito Mussolini
      • Hideki Tojo
      • Allied Powers
      • Neville Chamberlain
      • Winston Churchill
      • Charles De Gaulle
      • Franklin Roosevelt
      • Harry Truman
      • Joseph Stalin
      • Brought prominence to the National Socialist German Workers Party (NAZI Party)
      • Head of the 3 rd Reich
      • Believed in Master Race – Aryan Race
      • Unite all German-speaking people
      • 1933 took power
      • Anti-communist
      • Private property with strong governmental control
      • Das Fuhrer
      • Led fascist movement in Italy
      • Black-shirt army
      • Totalitarian State under his rule
      • AKA - Il Duce- The Chief
      • Anti-communist
      • Private property with strong government control
      • Militant Japanese general
      • Took control of Japan in 1941
      • Pushed for vast colonial empire stretching from China to Thailand
      • Organized attack on Pearl Harbor
      • British Prime Minister at the onset of War
      • Believed in policy of Appeasement for dealing with Hitler.
      • Signed Munich Pact to turn over Sudetenland
      • Believed he obtained “Peace in Our Time”
      • Critical of Chamberlin’s policies toward Hitler.
      • Became Prime Minister During the War (1940)
      • Strong Ally for the United States
      • Powerful public speaker he helped to rally his troops to fight German Aggression
      • French General
      • Fled to England after Germany took over France.
      • Set up government-in-exile
      • President through Much of the War (Died in 1945)
      • Lend Lease program to aid Allies prior to US entry into the War
      • Signed order to intern Japanese after Pearl Harbor.
      • VP under FDR
      • Took over Presidency at the end of the War.
      • Made Decision to Drop Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
      • Totalitarian Regime in USSR.
      • Awaited world-wide Communist revolution.
      • Great Purge of the 1930s to clear out enemies from country
      • 1939 – Signed nonaggression pact with Germany. (Divide Poland)
      • Germany broke the pact, opening up the Eastern Front of the War.
    • Background
      • Treaty of Versailles (1919) - Harsh treatment of Germany: land losses, reparations, military reductions, and war guilt
      • League of Nations (1920) – International organization charged with preventing future wars. United States senate refused to allow the United States of America to become a member. The League had neither the will nor the power to check the rising totalitarian governments.
    • Background
      • Washington Conference (1922) – Italy, Japan, the United States of America, France, and Britain agree to not build up their navies for ten years
      • Mussolini takes over Italy (1922)
      • Kellogg-Briand Pact (1928) – sixty-two nations agree to solve problems diplomatically
      • Japan invades Manchuria (1931)
      • Hitler comes to power (1933)
    • Short Term Causes
      • Italian, Japanese, and German aggression not stopped by League of Nations
    • Short Term Causes
      • Appeasement – Britain and France wanted to avoid war and therefore gave in to Hitler’s demands
      • Western democracies would not act aggressively
        • Britain – Sympathetic towards Germany – knew Versailles Treaty too harsh, wanted to avoid war
        • France – Would not do anything without Britain
        • United States of America – Isolation from Europe
    • Major Events of the War- The Onset of War
      • Hitler reoccupies the Rhineland
      • 1938 – Hitler unites Austria with Germany
      • 1938 – Signed Munich Pact to Gain control of Sudetenland (In Czechoslovakia)
      • 1939 – Hitler and USSR sign nonaggression pact (Agreed to divide Poland)
      • 1939- Blitzkrieg in Poland
      • September 1, 1939 – World War II official start
    • Major Events of World War II- The War
      • Inactive Winter 1940 –Britain and France Defend the Maginot Line
      • 1940 – Germany invades Norway and Denmark
      • 1940 – France Falls
      • Summer 1940 – Britain withstands the German onslaught
      • 1941- Germany broke pact with USSR
        • German setbacks- the harsh winters in Soviet Union; Bitter defeat in Stalingrad
    • Major Events of World War II - American Involvement
      • Lend-Lease Program to aid Allies
      • Attack on Pearl Harbor – December 7, 1941- A Day that will live in infamy
      • US enters World War II
      • 1942 – War turned in favor of the Allies
        • Victories in North Africa versus Germany
        • Victory in the Battle of the Midway in the Pacific
    • Major Event of World War II - Allied Conferences
      • Tehran (1943)
      • Yalta (1945)
      • Potsdam (1945) - After Victory in Europe
        • United States, Britain, and Soviet Union participated
    • Major Events in World War II – The End of the War
      • June 6, 1944 – Storming of Normandy
      • December 1944- Hitler lost the battle of the Bulge
      • Germany surrendered in May 1945
      • Atomic Bomb dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August of 1945
      • Japan Surrendered in September 1945