WWII Overview
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An overview of World War II

An overview of World War II

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WWII Overview Presentation Transcript

  • 1. World War II An overview of the Major Events and Key Players.
  • 2. Key Players in the War
    • Axis Powers
    • Adolf Hitler
    • Benito Mussolini
    • Hideki Tojo
    • Allied Powers
    • Neville Chamberlain
    • Winston Churchill
    • Charles De Gaulle
    • Franklin Roosevelt
    • Harry Truman
    • Joseph Stalin
  • 3. ADOLF HITLER
    • Brought prominence to the National Socialist German Workers Party (NAZI Party)
    • Head of the 3 rd Reich
    • Believed in Master Race – Aryan Race
    • Unite all German-speaking people
    • 1933 took power
    • Anti-communist
    • Private property with strong governmental control
    • Das Fuhrer
  • 4. BENITO MUSSOLINI
    • Led fascist movement in Italy
    • Black-shirt army
    • Totalitarian State under his rule
    • AKA - Il Duce- The Chief
    • Anti-communist
    • Private property with strong government control
  • 5. HIDEKI TOJO
    • Militant Japanese general
    • Took control of Japan in 1941
    • Pushed for vast colonial empire stretching from China to Thailand
    • Organized attack on Pearl Harbor
  • 6. NEVILLE CHAMBERLAIN
    • British Prime Minister at the onset of War
    • Believed in policy of Appeasement for dealing with Hitler.
    • Signed Munich Pact to turn over Sudetenland
    • Believed he obtained “Peace in Our Time”
  • 7. WINSTON CHURCHILL
    • Critical of Chamberlin’s policies toward Hitler.
    • Became Prime Minister During the War (1940)
    • Strong Ally for the United States
    • Powerful public speaker he helped to rally his troops to fight German Aggression
  • 8. CHARLES DE GAULLE
    • French General
    • Fled to England after Germany took over France.
    • Set up government-in-exile
  • 9. FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT
    • President through Much of the War (Died in 1945)
    • Lend Lease program to aid Allies prior to US entry into the War
    • Signed order to intern Japanese after Pearl Harbor.
  • 10. HARRY TRUMAN
    • VP under FDR
    • Took over Presidency at the end of the War.
    • Made Decision to Drop Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
  • 11. JOSEPH STALIN
    • Totalitarian Regime in USSR.
    • Awaited world-wide Communist revolution.
    • Great Purge of the 1930s to clear out enemies from country
    • 1939 – Signed nonaggression pact with Germany. (Divide Poland)
    • Germany broke the pact, opening up the Eastern Front of the War.
  • 12. Background
    • Treaty of Versailles (1919) - Harsh treatment of Germany: land losses, reparations, military reductions, and war guilt
    • League of Nations (1920) – International organization charged with preventing future wars. United States senate refused to allow the United States of America to become a member. The League had neither the will nor the power to check the rising totalitarian governments.
  • 13. Background
    • Washington Conference (1922) – Italy, Japan, the United States of America, France, and Britain agree to not build up their navies for ten years
    • Mussolini takes over Italy (1922)
    • Kellogg-Briand Pact (1928) – sixty-two nations agree to solve problems diplomatically
    • Japan invades Manchuria (1931)
    • Hitler comes to power (1933)
  • 14. Short Term Causes
    • Italian, Japanese, and German aggression not stopped by League of Nations
  • 15. Short Term Causes
    • Appeasement – Britain and France wanted to avoid war and therefore gave in to Hitler’s demands
    • Western democracies would not act aggressively
      • Britain – Sympathetic towards Germany – knew Versailles Treaty too harsh, wanted to avoid war
      • France – Would not do anything without Britain
      • United States of America – Isolation from Europe
  • 16. Major Events of the War- The Onset of War
    • Hitler reoccupies the Rhineland
    • 1938 – Hitler unites Austria with Germany
    • 1938 – Signed Munich Pact to Gain control of Sudetenland (In Czechoslovakia)
    • 1939 – Hitler and USSR sign nonaggression pact (Agreed to divide Poland)
    • 1939- Blitzkrieg in Poland
    • September 1, 1939 – World War II official start
  • 17. Major Events of World War II- The War
    • Inactive Winter 1940 –Britain and France Defend the Maginot Line
    • 1940 – Germany invades Norway and Denmark
    • 1940 – France Falls
    • Summer 1940 – Britain withstands the German onslaught
    • 1941- Germany broke pact with USSR
      • German setbacks- the harsh winters in Soviet Union; Bitter defeat in Stalingrad
  • 18. Major Events of World War II - American Involvement
    • Lend-Lease Program to aid Allies
    • Attack on Pearl Harbor – December 7, 1941- A Day that will live in infamy
    • US enters World War II
    • 1942 – War turned in favor of the Allies
      • Victories in North Africa versus Germany
      • Victory in the Battle of the Midway in the Pacific
  • 19. Major Event of World War II - Allied Conferences
    • Tehran (1943)
    • Yalta (1945)
    • Potsdam (1945) - After Victory in Europe
      • United States, Britain, and Soviet Union participated
  • 20. Major Events in World War II – The End of the War
    • June 6, 1944 – Storming of Normandy
    • December 1944- Hitler lost the battle of the Bulge
    • Germany surrendered in May 1945
    • Atomic Bomb dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August of 1945
    • Japan Surrendered in September 1945