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Weimar Republic

Weimar Republic






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Weimar Republic Weimar Republic Presentation Transcript

  • The Weimar Republic From Democracy to Nazism
  • On the back…
    • Based upon what you know about World War II, the Holocaust, and Adolf Hitler - how did he take over Germany?
  • “Stab in the Back”
    • Nov. 1918 - Weimar Republic formed
    • Nov. 1918 - Armistice signed by civilian representatives
    • Versailles Treaty inflicted brutal punishment
  • Weimar Constitution
    • President elected popularly
    • Chancellor appointed by President
    • Legislators elected through proportional representation to Reichstag
    • Article 48 - Temporary dictatorship to solve crises
  • Weimar Culture
    • Berlin became center of European culture
    • Conservatives opposed changes
    • All Quiet banned
  • Early 1920’s
    • French occupy Ruhr
    • Far-left and right groups fight for control
    • Munich (Beer Hall) Putsch
    • Hyperinflation
  • Hyperinflation - 1923
  • Hyperinflation
    • Most workers were paid daily and given time to shop before the value of their wages fell further.
    • Depositors received letters from their banks informing them their life savings were worth less then the administrative costs of maintaining their accounts.
    • Young women who had been setting aside money for their dowries saw their savings evaporate, thus making a traditional German marriage impossible.
    • A concert pianist would be paid with a suitcase of bills for his performance and exchange half of the bills for several sausages.
  • Hyperinflation
  • Hyperinflation
  • Hyperinflation
  • Hyperinflation
  • Late 1920’s
    • Recovery based upon American loans
    • 1929 Stock Market crash, Depression
    • Taxes raised, wages and social programs cut
    • 6 million unemployed workers
  • Political Crisis
    • Coalitions collapse
    • Parties unwilling to compromise
    • President Hindenburg and Article 48
    • Extremists gain power
    • Paramilitary groups roam cities
  • 1932
    • Four parties vying for power
    • Nazis receive 37% of vote - 2nd
    • Hitler demands to be appointed Chancellor
    • President Hindenburg believes it would keep him in check
  • 1933-34
    • Feb. 1933, Reichstag burned
    • Consolidates power
    • Nazis gain control
    • Hindenburg dies
    • Hitler declares himself Fuhrer
  • "Comrades, we stand firmly together for Germany, and we must stand firmly together for Germany. I am handing you the new insignia, knowing I place it in the most loyal hands in Germany. In the past you have proven your loyalty to me a thousand times. In the future it cannot and will not be any different!"