Based upon what you know about World War II, the Holocaust, and Adolf Hitler - how did he take over Germany?
“Stab in the Back”
Nov. 1918 - Weimar Republic formed
Nov. 1918 - Armistice signed by civilian representatives
Versailles Treaty inflicted brutal punishment
President elected popularly
Chancellor appointed by President
Legislators elected through proportional representation to Reichstag
Article 48 - Temporary dictatorship to solve crises
Berlin became center of European culture
Conservatives opposed changes
All Quiet banned
French occupy Ruhr
Far-left and right groups fight for control
Munich (Beer Hall) Putsch
Hyperinflation - 1923
Most workers were paid daily and given time to shop before the value of their wages fell further.
Depositors received letters from their banks informing them their life savings were worth less then the administrative costs of maintaining their accounts.
Young women who had been setting aside money for their dowries saw their savings evaporate, thus making a traditional German marriage impossible.
A concert pianist would be paid with a suitcase of bills for his performance and exchange half of the bills for several sausages.
Recovery based upon American loans
1929 Stock Market crash, Depression
Taxes raised, wages and social programs cut
6 million unemployed workers
Parties unwilling to compromise
President Hindenburg and Article 48
Extremists gain power
Paramilitary groups roam cities
Four parties vying for power
Nazis receive 37% of vote - 2nd
Hitler demands to be appointed Chancellor
President Hindenburg believes it would keep him in check
Feb. 1933, Reichstag burned
Nazis gain control
Hitler declares himself Fuhrer
"Comrades, we stand firmly together for Germany, and we must stand firmly together for Germany. I am handing you the new insignia, knowing I place it in the most loyal hands in Germany. In the past you have proven your loyalty to me a thousand times. In the future it cannot and will not be any different!"