Weimar Republic

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  • Weimar Republic

    1. 1. The Weimar Republic From Democracy to Nazism
    2. 2. On the back… <ul><li>Based upon what you know about World War II, the Holocaust, and Adolf Hitler - how did he take over Germany? </li></ul>
    3. 3. “Stab in the Back” <ul><li>Nov. 1918 - Weimar Republic formed </li></ul><ul><li>Nov. 1918 - Armistice signed by civilian representatives </li></ul><ul><li>Versailles Treaty inflicted brutal punishment </li></ul>
    4. 4. Weimar Constitution <ul><li>President elected popularly </li></ul><ul><li>Chancellor appointed by President </li></ul><ul><li>Legislators elected through proportional representation to Reichstag </li></ul><ul><li>Article 48 - Temporary dictatorship to solve crises </li></ul>
    5. 5. Weimar Culture <ul><li>Berlin became center of European culture </li></ul><ul><li>Conservatives opposed changes </li></ul><ul><li>All Quiet banned </li></ul>
    6. 6. Early 1920’s <ul><li>French occupy Ruhr </li></ul><ul><li>Far-left and right groups fight for control </li></ul><ul><li>Munich (Beer Hall) Putsch </li></ul><ul><li>Hyperinflation </li></ul>
    7. 7. Hyperinflation - 1923
    8. 8. Hyperinflation <ul><li>Most workers were paid daily and given time to shop before the value of their wages fell further. </li></ul><ul><li>Depositors received letters from their banks informing them their life savings were worth less then the administrative costs of maintaining their accounts. </li></ul><ul><li>Young women who had been setting aside money for their dowries saw their savings evaporate, thus making a traditional German marriage impossible. </li></ul><ul><li>A concert pianist would be paid with a suitcase of bills for his performance and exchange half of the bills for several sausages. </li></ul>
    9. 9. Hyperinflation
    10. 10. Hyperinflation
    11. 11. Hyperinflation
    12. 12. Hyperinflation
    13. 13. Late 1920’s <ul><li>Recovery based upon American loans </li></ul><ul><li>1929 Stock Market crash, Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Taxes raised, wages and social programs cut </li></ul><ul><li>6 million unemployed workers </li></ul>
    14. 14. Political Crisis <ul><li>Coalitions collapse </li></ul><ul><li>Parties unwilling to compromise </li></ul><ul><li>President Hindenburg and Article 48 </li></ul><ul><li>Extremists gain power </li></ul><ul><li>Paramilitary groups roam cities </li></ul>
    15. 15. 1932 <ul><li>Four parties vying for power </li></ul><ul><li>Nazis receive 37% of vote - 2nd </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler demands to be appointed Chancellor </li></ul><ul><li>President Hindenburg believes it would keep him in check </li></ul>
    16. 17. 1933-34 <ul><li>Feb. 1933, Reichstag burned </li></ul><ul><li>Consolidates power </li></ul><ul><li>Nazis gain control </li></ul><ul><li>Hindenburg dies </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler declares himself Fuhrer </li></ul>
    17. 18. &quot;Comrades, we stand firmly together for Germany, and we must stand firmly together for Germany. I am handing you the new insignia, knowing I place it in the most loyal hands in Germany. In the past you have proven your loyalty to me a thousand times. In the future it cannot and will not be any different!&quot;

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