Video Composition
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Video Composition






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Video Composition Video Composition Presentation Transcript

  • Video Composition
  • Composition
    • Universal units of composition
      • Long Shot
      • Medium Shot
      • Close up
  • Types of Shots
    • EWS (Extreme Wide Shot) The view is so far from the subject that she isn't even visible. This is often used as an establishing shot.
    • VWS (Very Wide Shot) The subject is visible (barely), but the emphasis is still on placing her in her environment.
    • WS (Wide Shot) The subject takes up the full frame, or at least as much as possible.
  • Types of Shots
    • MS (Mid Shot) Shows some part of the subject in more detail whilst still giving an impression of the whole subject.
    • MCU (Medium Close Up) Half way between a MS and a CU.
    • CU (Close Up) A certain feature or part of the subject takes up the whole frame.
  • Types of Shots
    • ECU (Extreme Close Up) The ECU gets right in and shows extreme detail.
    • CA (Cutaway) A shot of something other than the current action.
    • Cut-In Shows some part of the subject in detail.
  • Types of Shots
    • Two-Shot A comfortable shot of two people, framed similarly to a mid shot.
    • (OSS) Over-the-Shoulder Shot Looking from behind a person at the subject.
    • Point of View Close-up Looking the perspective of the other person.
  • Framing: Headroom
    • Too much
    • Too little
    • JUST RIGHT!!!
  • Framing: Lead Room
    • Giving space ahead of your moving target
  • Framing: Law of Thirds
    • Divide the screen into 3rds
      • Horizontally
      • Vertically
    • Try to place main elements within the 3rds boundary lines
    • Gives a balanced look to your shot
  • Framing: Law of Thirds
    • Works nicely for stand-ups
      • Allows viewer to see the environment
      • Gives room for gestures & props
    • An nice overview
  • Framing: Face Shots
    • Camera set to same height as your target
    • Need to see both eyes
    • Interview
      • Head and shoulders
      • Looking slightly away from lens towards interviewer
    • Stand-up
      • Medium-wide shot – below waist or head-to-toe
      • Looking directly at camera
  • Framing: Backgrounds
    • Watch out for distracting backgrounds
    • Distracts the viewer
    • Examples:
      • Tree braches
      • Power lines
      • Kids
      • Antlers!!
  • Framing: Line of Action
    • Shoot from one side of the action only
    • Cannot cross line or action reverses
    Action Action Photographer
  • Framing: Horizon Lines
    • Try to keep the horizon line at the lower or upper third of your shot
    • Horizon at the middle of your shot tends to divide your picture
  • Sequences:
    • Telling a story by shot selection
      • This means more than one shot…
    • How is it done?
  • Sequences:
    • Establish your location with a wide shot
    • Then get a series of close-ups that was within that wide shot:
        • Activity / Action
        • Areas of interest
  • Close-ups:
    • Intensifies the action
    • Holds viewer interest
      • Will actually listen more closely
    • Viewer will relate better to the story
  • Pans, Tilts, and Zooms:
    • Camera movement MUST have a motivation
      • Why are you moving the camera?
    • Example:
      • Follow something
        • Students walking
        • Car driving
        • Football pass
  • Pans, Tilts, and Zooms:
    • Many shots are stills
      • Set it, shoot it, leave it alone
    • Editing motion
      • Motion must end before going to next shot
  • Action:
    • Action catches the eye
      • Zooming in usually intensifies action
    • Object only vs. people involved with the object
      • Courthouse vs. people walking up steps to courthouse
      • Art vs. people admiring the art
  • Balance:
    • Arrangement of objects within the frame
      • Does it look heavy on one side or the other?
    • Color balance
      • Arrangement of light and dark that compliment each other
  • Angles:
    • Look at object from different angles and see what looks the best
      • Shooting up makes things look bigger
      • Shooting down makes things look smaller
      • Lowering the camera often will give more interesting shots
  • Natural Framing:
    • For an added creative dimension, compose your pictures with an interesting foreground frame
      • Example - tree, leafy branch, window
    • Creates depth & directs attention to the center of interest
  • Getting Your Shots
    • Plan, plan, plan! (storyboards)
    • Shoot 5 seconds before and after you shot
      • Allows for editing
    • Take the same shot several times, or 2-3 times longer than you need
      • Ensures you get enough footage