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600 C.E. - 1450 C.E.
600 C.E. - 1450 C.E. Overview <ul><li>Changes in migration patterns, culture, and trade </li></ul><ul><li>Technology advan...
Rise of Islam <ul><li>Islamist empires spread throughout Middle East, North Africa, Spain, Central Asia, and India </li></...
Other Religions <ul><li>Buddhism spreads to Southwest Asia, China, Korea, and Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Christianity </li></...
Religion <ul><li>Millions converted, mostly from indigenous religions </li></ul><ul><li>Many religious boundaries set in t...
Trade <ul><li>Luxury items (silk, spices, porcelain) traded in major urban centers (China, India, Middle East, and Byzanti...
Americas <ul><li>Remains isolated </li></ul><ul><li>Mayans and later the Aztecs built upon accomplishments of the Olmecs. ...
Africa <ul><li>Bantu peoples bring agriculture to South and East </li></ul><ul><li>African kingdoms import Islam to furthe...
Changes - China <ul><li>Importation of Buddhism during years of uncertainty </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually contained, made t...
Changes - India <ul><li>Muslim incursions bring Islam to India </li></ul><ul><li>Muslim invaders control regional kingdoms...
Western Europe <ul><li>Christian / Muslim relations tense </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Moors in Spain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...
The 13th Century On <ul><li>Arab civilizations/empire begin slow decline </li></ul><ul><li>Mongols invade China, Middle Ea...
The End of the Era <ul><li>Mongols defeated in China, Russia </li></ul><ul><li>Byzantine Empire falls to Ottomans </li></u...
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Unit 2 Overview

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Transcript of "Unit 2 Overview"

  1. 1. 600 C.E. - 1450 C.E.
  2. 2. 600 C.E. - 1450 C.E. Overview <ul><li>Changes in migration patterns, culture, and trade </li></ul><ul><li>Technology advances improve agriculture, capacity to trade </li></ul><ul><li>Spread of world religions (Islam, Christianity, Buddhism) </li></ul><ul><li>Islam influence most significant in era </li></ul>
  3. 3. Rise of Islam <ul><li>Islamist empires spread throughout Middle East, North Africa, Spain, Central Asia, and India </li></ul><ul><li>Trade and missionaries spread it to Sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Great artistic, literacy, and scientific cultures develop </li></ul>
  4. 4. Other Religions <ul><li>Buddhism spreads to Southwest Asia, China, Korea, and Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Christianity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Catholicism spreads throughout Western Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Orthodox Christianity solidified in Eastern Europe, Russia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Formally split in 11th century </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Religion <ul><li>Millions converted, mostly from indigenous religions </li></ul><ul><li>Many religious boundaries set in this era are still in place </li></ul><ul><li>Rivalries arise between Islam/Christianity, Islam/Hinduism </li></ul>
  6. 6. Trade <ul><li>Luxury items (silk, spices, porcelain) traded in major urban centers (China, India, Middle East, and Byzantine Empire) - trickles into W. Europe, Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Smaller trade networks w/in regions and across adjacent regions </li></ul><ul><li>Spread of ideas, inventions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compass: China => Middle East => Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Numbers: India => Middle East => Europe </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Americas <ul><li>Remains isolated </li></ul><ul><li>Mayans and later the Aztecs built upon accomplishments of the Olmecs. </li></ul><ul><li>Incas dominate in South America </li></ul>
  8. 8. Africa <ul><li>Bantu peoples bring agriculture to South and East </li></ul><ul><li>African kingdoms import Islam to further learning and administer kingdoms </li></ul><ul><li>Largest African kingdoms in W. Africa - Mali, Ghana, Songhai </li></ul>
  9. 9. Changes - China <ul><li>Importation of Buddhism during years of uncertainty </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually contained, made to fit within Confucian structure </li></ul><ul><li>All other changes adapted to traditional framework - nothing revolutionary until 1911 </li></ul>
  10. 10. Changes - India <ul><li>Muslim incursions bring Islam to India </li></ul><ul><li>Muslim invaders control regional kingdoms </li></ul><ul><li>No real unification of India </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhism declines </li></ul>
  11. 11. Western Europe <ul><li>Christian / Muslim relations tense </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Moors in Spain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crusades </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ottomans in the East, siege of Vienna </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Europe fragmented politically </li></ul><ul><li>Lacks exportable resources (gold, silk) </li></ul><ul><li>Begin to explore trade routes, forced to Atlantic by Ottoman presence in Med. </li></ul>
  12. 12. The 13th Century On <ul><li>Arab civilizations/empire begin slow decline </li></ul><ul><li>Mongols invade China, Middle East, Russia - threatens E. Europe, S.E. Asia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitated international contacts, trade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Printing, gunpowder from China => Europe Would eventually give Europe advantage / strength to dominate world </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Plague - China to M.E. to Europe </li></ul>
  13. 13. The End of the Era <ul><li>Mongols defeated in China, Russia </li></ul><ul><li>Byzantine Empire falls to Ottomans </li></ul><ul><li>Europeans starting to sail down Africa </li></ul><ul><li>New technologies available at end of this era would define the next: navigational devises, better ships, and GUNS! </li></ul>
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