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Unit 2 Overview


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  • 1. 600 C.E. - 1450 C.E.
  • 2. 600 C.E. - 1450 C.E. Overview
    • Changes in migration patterns, culture, and trade
    • Technology advances improve agriculture, capacity to trade
    • Spread of world religions (Islam, Christianity, Buddhism)
    • Islam influence most significant in era
  • 3. Rise of Islam
    • Islamist empires spread throughout Middle East, North Africa, Spain, Central Asia, and India
    • Trade and missionaries spread it to Sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia
    • Great artistic, literacy, and scientific cultures develop
  • 4. Other Religions
    • Buddhism spreads to Southwest Asia, China, Korea, and Japan
    • Christianity
      • Catholicism spreads throughout Western Europe
      • Orthodox Christianity solidified in Eastern Europe, Russia
      • Formally split in 11th century
  • 5. Religion
    • Millions converted, mostly from indigenous religions
    • Many religious boundaries set in this era are still in place
    • Rivalries arise between Islam/Christianity, Islam/Hinduism
  • 6. Trade
    • Luxury items (silk, spices, porcelain) traded in major urban centers (China, India, Middle East, and Byzantine Empire) - trickles into W. Europe, Africa
    • Smaller trade networks w/in regions and across adjacent regions
    • Spread of ideas, inventions
      • Compass: China => Middle East => Europe
      • Numbers: India => Middle East => Europe
  • 7. Americas
    • Remains isolated
    • Mayans and later the Aztecs built upon accomplishments of the Olmecs.
    • Incas dominate in South America
  • 8. Africa
    • Bantu peoples bring agriculture to South and East
    • African kingdoms import Islam to further learning and administer kingdoms
    • Largest African kingdoms in W. Africa - Mali, Ghana, Songhai
  • 9. Changes - China
    • Importation of Buddhism during years of uncertainty
    • Eventually contained, made to fit within Confucian structure
    • All other changes adapted to traditional framework - nothing revolutionary until 1911
  • 10. Changes - India
    • Muslim incursions bring Islam to India
    • Muslim invaders control regional kingdoms
    • No real unification of India
    • Buddhism declines
  • 11. Western Europe
    • Christian / Muslim relations tense
      • Moors in Spain
      • Crusades
      • Ottomans in the East, siege of Vienna
    • Europe fragmented politically
    • Lacks exportable resources (gold, silk)
    • Begin to explore trade routes, forced to Atlantic by Ottoman presence in Med.
  • 12. The 13th Century On
    • Arab civilizations/empire begin slow decline
    • Mongols invade China, Middle East, Russia - threatens E. Europe, S.E. Asia
      • Facilitated international contacts, trade
      • Printing, gunpowder from China => Europe Would eventually give Europe advantage / strength to dominate world
    • Plague - China to M.E. to Europe
  • 13. The End of the Era
    • Mongols defeated in China, Russia
    • Byzantine Empire falls to Ottomans
    • Europeans starting to sail down Africa
    • New technologies available at end of this era would define the next: navigational devises, better ships, and GUNS!