Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
  • Like
Totalitarianism
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Now you can save presentations on your phone or tablet

Available for both IPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Totalitarianism

  • 15,812 views
Published

 

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
15,812
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
548
Comments
2
Likes
4

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Totalitarianism A Brief Overview/ Review
  • 2. Totalitarianism
    • Definition:
      • Form of government in which all societal resources are monopolized by the government. Total control over the population.
    • Tools of Totalitarian government
      • Propaganda
      • Police terror
      • Censorship
      • Indoctrination
  • 3. The State Fascist Model State = eternal, lasting State casts aside all who do not serve its purpose Individual = temporary, expendable Individual exists to serve the State (a tool) I I I I I Power Here
  • 4. Right Wing vs. Left Wing
    • Right- Wing
    • Middle Class support
    • Maintain Status quo
    • Private ownership of industrial wealth
    • Examples:
      • Hitler’s Germany
      • Mussolini’s Italy
    • Left-Wing
    • Poor/ peasant support
    • Seek Elimination of classes
    • Collective ownership
    • Examples:
      • Mao’s China
      • Stalin’s Russia
  • 5. Conditions that helped to bring about Totalitarian regimes in Europe
  • 6. The Treaty of Versailles
    • Which countries were represented at the Versailles negotiations?
        • Italy, France, United States, England
    • Who was missing?
        • Germany and Russia
    • What were the terms of the Treaty?
        • Germany takes on all responsibility for the War (War Guilt Clause)
        • Germany must give up land
        • Germany must reduce its army
        • Germany must pay billions of dollars to the allies
    • The map of Europe is drastically altered as a result of the War and the Treaty…
  • 7. Pre World War I Map
  • 8. Post World War I Map
  • 9.
    • How did changes in the Map of Europe affect Russia, Italy and Germany?
      • Russia did not regain land lost to Germany
      • Italy did not gain land even though they were part of the winning side
      • Germany lost territory and felt vulnerable
  • 10. Our Big Three
    • The terms of the Treaty help set conditions that led to the rise of…
  • 11. Stalin and the Soviet Union
    • Lenin founded the Soviet Union after the Russian Revolution in 1917
    • Stalin succeeded Lenin
    • Referred to as the Grey Blur
    • Postponed Lenin’s plans for a global communist revolution in order to secure the Soviet Union
    • Several Five Year Plans to help the Soviet Union compete with the West
    • Killed many of his top aides and advisors as well as any people who opposed his rule
  • 12. Mussolini’s Italy
    • Founded a fascist regime in the 1920s
    • Pursued the idea of Mare Nostrum to create a new Italian Empire
    • Army was ill-equipped for war
    • Bound to Hitler
    • Used Balcony speeches to rally the masses to his cause
  • 13. Hitler’s Germany
    • Arrested after failed Munich (Beer Hall) Putsch.
    • Wrote Mein Kampf in jail
    • Felt the Weimar officials had stabbed Germany in the Back
    • Blamed Weimar Republic, communists, Jews and the French for Germany’s Problems
    • Founded the Nazi party
  • 14. Hitler’s Germany cont.
    • Hyperinflation of the 1920s helped set conditions for Hitler’s Nazis to take control.
    • 1932- Nazis finish strongly in elections
      • President Hindenburg appoints Hitler Chancellor
      • Hindenburg dies and Hitler takes over
      • Birth of the Third Reich
  • 15. Practice Multiple Choice Questions
  • 16.
    • 1. A major goal of France and Great Britain at the Conference of Versailles following World War I was to
    • Create a politically unified Europe
    • Keep Germany from rebuilding its military forces
    • Restore pre-war imperial governments to power
    • Help Germany rebuild its industrial economy
  • 17.
    • 2. What aim did Italian leader Vittorio Orlando have during the Creation of the Treaty of Versailles?
    • To gain territory from Austria-Hungary
    • To assume control of Austria’s industries
    • To guarantee the partition of Germany
    • To gain possession of Austria’s overseas colonies
  • 18.
    • 3. President Wilson said his Fourteen Points would provide a framework for
    • A lasting and just peace
    • Determining war reparations
    • Expanding colonial empires
    • Punishing aggressor nations
  • 19.
    • 4. One way fascist leaders in the 1920s and 1930s gained popular support was
    • Promising to maintain peace with other countries
    • Attracting foreign investment
    • Limiting the strength of the military
    • Appealing to national pride
  • 20.
    • 5. Stalin’s Great Purge from 1934-1939
    • Eliminated military dominance in state decisions
    • Expanding Soviet agriculture at the expense of Soviet industry
    • Brought about the deaths of millions of people
    • Replaces soviet agricultural workers with technology
  • 21.
    • 6. Which of the following does not describe Hitler’s Germany, Mussolini’s Italy and Stalin’s Russia
    • They were totalitarian regimes
    • All three nations wanted to expand their borders
    • political enemies were killed
    • All three operated under Marxist principles
  • 22.
    • 7. Mao’s China and Stalin’s Russia were
    • A. Right-Wing Totalitarian regimes
    • B. Left- Wing Totalitarian regimes
    • C. Representative Democracies
    • D. Aristocracies
  • 23.
    • 8. Hyperinflation is a condition where
    • A. Prices remain constant
    • B. Prices rise rapidly, making paper
    • money virtually worthless
    • C. Wages increase dramatically
    • D. Prices drop drastically, allowing all
    • members of society the chance t buy goods
  • 24.
    • 9. As a result of the Treaty of Versailles
    • A. Russia regained all of the land it had
    • surrendered to Germany
    • B. Italy became a major power in
    • Europe
    • C. Germany accepted guilt for World
    • War I
    • D. All of the above
  • 25.
    • 10. Who was Hitler referring to when he used the phrase “stab in the back”
    • Communists
    • Jews
    • Weimar Officials
    • The French
  • 26.
    • 11. Mussolini’s concept of Mare Nostrum promoted
    • Italian expansion
    • Italian isolationism
    • Italian seafood
    • Italian reliance on Germany
  • 27.
    • 12. Under Mussolini ’ s rule in Italy,
    • a. a democracy was put it place.
    • b. there was a one-party dictatorship.
    • c. the socialists came into power.
    • d. free speech was encouraged.
  • 28.
    • 13. What measure did the Nazis take that was a rejection of the Versailles treaty?
    • a. They launched large public works projects.
    • b. They rearmed Germany.
    • c. They passed the Nuremberg Laws.
    • d. They established the Gestapo.
  • 29.
    • 14. The founder of the Soviet Union was
    • Trotsky
    • Lenin
    • Stalin
    • Gorbachev
  • 30.
    • 15. Hitler was arrested after
    • World War I
    • World War II
    • The Munich Putsch
    • Selling his art
  • 31. Answers
    • B
    • A
    • A
    • D
    • C
    • D
    • B
    • B
    • 9. C
    • 10. C
    • 11. A
    • 12. B
    • 13. B
    • 14. B
    • 15. E