The Soviet Union: Totalitarian State

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  • The Soviet Union: Totalitarian State

    1. 1. The Soviet Union: Totalitarian State
    2. 2. Under Lenin <ul><li>Communist Party was the only party allowed. </li></ul><ul><li>The use of force and terror through the secret police (Cheka) was necessary and good for the cause </li></ul><ul><li>Used propaganda slogans, including “Bread, Land, Peace and All Power to the Soviets.” </li></ul>
    3. 3. Lenin’s Death <ul><li>Died in January 1924. </li></ul>
    4. 4. Lenin’s Death <ul><li>Lenin believed Leon Trotsky should replace him as leader. Had a vision of the Soviet Union in line with Lenin. </li></ul><ul><li>Lenin believed that Stalin could not handle the power that came with leadership. </li></ul><ul><li>Stalin takes control, has Trotsky killed. </li></ul>
    5. 5. Joseph Stalin <ul><li>As General Secretary of the Communist Party, Stalin was able to consolidate his power by exerting total control over the details of party structure – </li></ul><ul><li>Stalin appeared to provide a sense of security and direction for the future </li></ul>
    6. 6. Joseph Stalin
    7. 7. Soviet Mentality <ul><li>The people accepted difficulties and sacrificing – Czars and communists had controlled people through force, fear </li></ul><ul><li>Promises of prosperity and something great coming soon were believed </li></ul>
    8. 8. Soviet Mentality <ul><li>Brutality of the state was for their own protection </li></ul><ul><li>Checka, then NKVD, terrorized people – they were genuinely afraid </li></ul><ul><li>“ Politicals” - Enemies of the people who were arrested for alleged spying, disloyalty, etc. Received worse punishments then common criminals </li></ul><ul><li>Gulags </li></ul>
    9. 9. Gulags
    10. 10. Gulags
    11. 11. Gulags
    12. 12. Gulags
    13. 13. Gulags
    14. 14. Gulags
    15. 15. The Great Terror 1937-38 <ul><li>Arrests - about 7 million </li></ul><ul><li>Executed - about 1 million </li></ul><ul><li>Died in camps - about 2 million </li></ul><ul><li>In prison, late 1938 - about 1 million </li></ul><ul><li>In camps, late 1938 - about 8 million </li></ul><ul><li>Only 10% in camps survived </li></ul>
    16. 16. The Great Terror 1937-38 <ul><li>Those arrested include original Bolsheviks, military officers, party members </li></ul><ul><li>Stalin’s signature appears on death warrants of over 600,0000 </li></ul><ul><li>History is re-written </li></ul>
    17. 17. Changing History Four... Three... Two... One...
    18. 18. Changing History
    19. 19. Full Circle... <ul><li>Stalin dies in 1953 </li></ul><ul><li>“ All of us around Stalin were temporary” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Destalinization” of the USSR under Kruschev </li></ul>
    20. 20. Full Circle...
    21. 21. Thought Questions <ul><li>Why didn’t the people of the Soviet Union rise up? </li></ul><ul><li>What do you think you could do to stay safe? </li></ul><ul><li>Who was probably most at risk? </li></ul>

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