Rwanda Overview

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Rwanda Overview

  1. 1. Rwanda A Story of Genocide
  2. 2. Background <ul><li>Small African nation </li></ul><ul><li>Two ethnic groups lived in Rwanda: Hutus and Tutsis </li></ul><ul><li>Generally lived peacefully until the Europeans came </li></ul>
  3. 3. Background <ul><li>Hutus </li></ul><ul><li>Majority - 80% </li></ul><ul><li>Migrated from southern Africa </li></ul><ul><li>General found themselves as laborers and farmers </li></ul>
  4. 4. Background <ul><li>Tutsis </li></ul><ul><li>Minority - 20% </li></ul><ul><li>Migrated from Northern Africa (Egypt) </li></ul><ul><li>General found themselves as the elite and political rulers </li></ul>
  5. 5. Background <ul><li>German colony until 1918 (end of WWI) </li></ul><ul><li>Belgium took it over </li></ul><ul><li>Put Tutsis in charge </li></ul><ul><li>Handed out “ethnic identity cards” </li></ul><ul><li>Education only open to Tutsis </li></ul><ul><li>Hutus could only be laborers or low level workers </li></ul>
  6. 6. Independence <ul><li>Once Belgium granted independence, Hutu majority took control </li></ul><ul><li>Persecuted the Tutsis, many fled to neighboring countries </li></ul>
  7. 7. Civil War <ul><li>Tutsis rebel group formed in neighboring countries and invaded Rwanda </li></ul><ul><li>Hutu president compromises with Tutsis and agrees to share power </li></ul><ul><li>2500 United Nations troops sent to Rwanda to help keep peace </li></ul>
  8. 8. Assassination <ul><li>Unhappy with power sharing agreement, Hutu extremists start planning genocide </li></ul><ul><li>On April 6, 1995, Rwandan President is assassinated </li></ul><ul><li>Hutu extremists begin killing Tutsis </li></ul>

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