Militarism in Japan
1918-1932 <ul><li>Emerged from WWI with strong economy </li></ul><ul><li>Began making democratic reforms </li></ul><ul><li...
Japanese Goals of the 1930’s <ul><li>Revive economy hit by Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Lead economic modernization in Asi...
Question <ul><li>What might limit Japan’s ability to dominate Asia? </li></ul>
Aggression in Manchuria <ul><li>September 1931, needing the resources of Manchuria the Japanese army invaded  </li></ul><u...
 
Aggression in Manchuria <ul><li>League and United States condemned Japanese action in China, but took no further action </...
Tensions Rise in China <ul><li>By 1937, Japanese forces overran much of the northern part of China </li></ul><ul><li>Rape ...
WWII in Asia <ul><li>Berlin, 1940 - Japan joins alliance with Germany and Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Looked to European colon...
Events leading to Pearl Harbor <ul><li>Believing the United States will not only cut off supplies, but also declare war, t...
 
Events leading to Pearl Harbor <ul><li>December 7, 1941, the Japanese attack Pearl Harbor </li></ul><ul><li>Japanese misca...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Failure of the Co-prosperity Sphere <ul><li>Original idea involved a system that benefited both Japan and occupied territo...
<ul><li>Attempted to institute Japanese customs – insulting the native peoples </li></ul><ul><li>Forced some to work in fa...
Japan’s Eventual Defeat
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Japanese Militarism in WWII

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  • Japanese Militarism in WWII

    1. 1. Militarism in Japan
    2. 2. 1918-1932 <ul><li>Emerged from WWI with strong economy </li></ul><ul><li>Began making democratic reforms </li></ul><ul><li>Hit hard by the Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Military Dictatorship takes control </li></ul>
    3. 3. Japanese Goals of the 1930’s <ul><li>Revive economy hit by Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Lead economic modernization in Asia - hoping to one day rival Europe and the United States </li></ul><ul><li>Free Asia from western colonial influences </li></ul><ul><li>Set up “East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere” </li></ul><ul><li>Dominate Asia economically and militarily </li></ul>
    4. 4. Question <ul><li>What might limit Japan’s ability to dominate Asia? </li></ul>
    5. 5. Aggression in Manchuria <ul><li>September 1931, needing the resources of Manchuria the Japanese army invaded </li></ul><ul><li>China protested to the League of Nations </li></ul>
    6. 7. Aggression in Manchuria <ul><li>League and United States condemned Japanese action in China, but took no further action </li></ul><ul><li>Japan withdrew from the League in 1933 </li></ul><ul><li>What does the Japanese minister claim? </li></ul>
    7. 8. Tensions Rise in China <ul><li>By 1937, Japanese forces overran much of the northern part of China </li></ul><ul><li>Rape of Nanking – in 1937 Japanese forces brutalized the population of Nanking – murdering over 300,000 civilians and soldiers in a few months </li></ul>
    8. 9. WWII in Asia <ul><li>Berlin, 1940 - Japan joins alliance with Germany and Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Looked to European colonies in Southeast Asia for resources </li></ul><ul><li>FDR threatened to cut off supplies of scrap metal, rubber, and oil </li></ul>
    9. 10. Events leading to Pearl Harbor <ul><li>Believing the United States will not only cut off supplies, but also declare war, the Japanese planned a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor to eliminate the American naval presence in the Pacific </li></ul>
    10. 12. Events leading to Pearl Harbor <ul><li>December 7, 1941, the Japanese attack Pearl Harbor </li></ul><ul><li>Japanese miscalculated American response – instead of cowering, the American people rallied together </li></ul><ul><li>December 8, 1941, the United States declares war on Japan </li></ul>
    11. 23. Failure of the Co-prosperity Sphere <ul><li>Original idea involved a system that benefited both Japan and occupied territories - “Asia for Asians” </li></ul><ul><li>Instead, Japanese imperial troops simply replaced European troops </li></ul><ul><li>Resources were diverted to supply the Japan war machine – in some cases causing food shortages and famine </li></ul>
    12. 24. <ul><li>Attempted to institute Japanese customs – insulting the native peoples </li></ul><ul><li>Forced some to work in factories and on plantations for little or no wages </li></ul><ul><li>Some nationalist groups cooperated with Japanese and some secretly assisted the Allies </li></ul>Failure of the Co-prosperity Sphere
    13. 25. Japan’s Eventual Defeat
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