French Revolution Overview

23,834 views

Published on

Published in: News & Politics
0 Comments
7 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
23,834
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1,087
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
317
Comments
0
Likes
7
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • 1st estate - about 100,000 Roman Catholic clergy 2nd Estate
  • French Revolution Overview

    1. 1. The French Revolution Application of the Fever Model
    2. 2. Fever Model of Revolution Much like an illness, revolutions can also be studied in stages
    3. 3. Causes - Incubation <ul><li>Social Inequality - three estates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Three estates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First Estate (upper clergy) - 1% of population, taxed peasants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Second Estate (nobles) - 2-3% of population, paid no taxes, taxed peasants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Third Estate (Bourgeoisie, peasants, workers) - paid up to 1/2 of income in taxes </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Causes - Incubation <ul><li>Enlightenment Ideas/American Rev. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Belief all men should have liberal freedoms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Right and just to remove unjust gov’t </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equality for all </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>United States Dec. of Independence and Constitution </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Causes - Incubation <ul><li>King Louis XVI </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Weak leader </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preferred personal interests, delegated authority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Incapable of decisive action </li></ul></ul>
    6. 7. Causes - Incubation <ul><li>Economic Crisis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>French economy bankrupt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wars, Louis XVI lifestyle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nobles not taxed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crop failures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Debt - 1/2 budget goes to interest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bourgeoisie begin questioning King </li></ul></ul>
    7. 8. Moderate Stage - Symptoms <ul><li>Estates General called, Third Estate demands reform - resisted by others </li></ul>
    8. 9. Moderate Stage - Symptoms <ul><li>National Assembly declared (June 20, 1789) </li></ul>
    9. 10. Moderate Stage - Symptoms <ul><li>Bastille stormed (July 14, 1789) in response to king mobilizing Swiss troops </li></ul>
    10. 11. Moderate Stage - Symptoms <ul><li>Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen (Aug., 1789) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Influenced by America </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equality of all men, sovereignty resided in the people, and individual rights to libery, prosperity, and security </li></ul></ul><ul><li>March of the Women (Oct., 1789) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Food protests turn into march to Versailles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>King forced to move to Paris </li></ul></ul>
    11. 12. Moderate Stage - Symptoms <ul><li>Reforms on National Assembly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Liberty, equality, fraternity” - motto </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dismantled feudal system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seized Church lands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Abolished estates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creates Constitution of 1791 - limits power of king (constitutional monarchy) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Men of property could vote </li></ul></ul>
    12. 13. Radical Stage - Crisis <ul><li>Prussian and Austrian invasion of France </li></ul><ul><li>French Republic established - King dethroned, the Convention set up </li></ul><ul><li>Large scale draft </li></ul><ul><li>King tried and executed </li></ul>
    13. 14. Radical Stage - Crisis <ul><li>Robespierre / Jacobians take control of the Convention </li></ul><ul><li>Committee of Public Safety oversees the Reign of Terror (40,000 people executed, 300,000 arrested) </li></ul><ul><li>Tried to eliminate influence of the church </li></ul>
    14. 15. Moderate - Convalescence <ul><li>Convention arrests Robespierre - executes him </li></ul><ul><li>The Directory takes over </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Committee of five conservative men </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tries to find middle ground </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Military successes outside of France </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Domestically, still many problems </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Napoleon stages coup , imposes new constitution - declares himself first consul </li></ul><ul><li>What do you think is the reaction of the French? </li></ul>

    ×