French Revolution Overview
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French Revolution Overview

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  • 1st estate - about 100,000 Roman Catholic clergy 2nd Estate

French Revolution Overview French Revolution Overview Presentation Transcript

  • The French Revolution Application of the Fever Model
  • Fever Model of Revolution Much like an illness, revolutions can also be studied in stages
  • Causes - Incubation
    • Social Inequality - three estates
      • Three estates
      • First Estate (upper clergy) - 1% of population, taxed peasants
      • Second Estate (nobles) - 2-3% of population, paid no taxes, taxed peasants
      • Third Estate (Bourgeoisie, peasants, workers) - paid up to 1/2 of income in taxes
  • Causes - Incubation
    • Enlightenment Ideas/American Rev.
      • Belief all men should have liberal freedoms
      • Right and just to remove unjust gov’t
      • Equality for all
      • United States Dec. of Independence and Constitution
  • Causes - Incubation
    • King Louis XVI
      • Weak leader
      • Preferred personal interests, delegated authority
      • Incapable of decisive action
  •  
  • Causes - Incubation
    • Economic Crisis
      • French economy bankrupt
      • Wars, Louis XVI lifestyle
      • Nobles not taxed
      • Crop failures
      • Debt - 1/2 budget goes to interest
      • Bourgeoisie begin questioning King
  • Moderate Stage - Symptoms
    • Estates General called, Third Estate demands reform - resisted by others
  • Moderate Stage - Symptoms
    • National Assembly declared (June 20, 1789)
  • Moderate Stage - Symptoms
    • Bastille stormed (July 14, 1789) in response to king mobilizing Swiss troops
  • Moderate Stage - Symptoms
    • Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen (Aug., 1789)
      • Influenced by America
      • Equality of all men, sovereignty resided in the people, and individual rights to libery, prosperity, and security
    • March of the Women (Oct., 1789)
      • Food protests turn into march to Versailles
      • King forced to move to Paris
  • Moderate Stage - Symptoms
    • Reforms on National Assembly
      • “ Liberty, equality, fraternity” - motto
      • Dismantled feudal system
      • Seized Church lands
      • Abolished estates
      • Creates Constitution of 1791 - limits power of king (constitutional monarchy)
      • Men of property could vote
  • Radical Stage - Crisis
    • Prussian and Austrian invasion of France
    • French Republic established - King dethroned, the Convention set up
    • Large scale draft
    • King tried and executed
  • Radical Stage - Crisis
    • Robespierre / Jacobians take control of the Convention
    • Committee of Public Safety oversees the Reign of Terror (40,000 people executed, 300,000 arrested)
    • Tried to eliminate influence of the church
  • Moderate - Convalescence
    • Convention arrests Robespierre - executes him
    • The Directory takes over
      • Committee of five conservative men
      • Tries to find middle ground
      • Military successes outside of France
      • Domestically, still many problems
    • Napoleon stages coup , imposes new constitution - declares himself first consul
    • What do you think is the reaction of the French?
  •