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Comparison: French and American Revolutions and their Legacies   AP World History West Hills High School
Basic Differences <ul><li>French Revolution wanted to change everything - Government, Social Structure, Economy, Religion ...
American Revolution <ul><li>Most colonists wished to remain members of the British Empire </li></ul><ul><li>Violation of “...
American Revolution <ul><li>The British upper class was simply replaced by a new American upper class  </li></ul><ul><li>L...
French Revolution Causes <ul><li>Political - no representation, King Louis XVI weak, inefficient government </li></ul><ul>...
Course of the French Revolution <ul><li>Phase 1 (Moderate): National Assembly  (1789-91) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Meeting of ...
Course <ul><li>Phase 2 (Radical): National Assembly (1792-1794) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>War with Austria, Prussia, and Brita...
Course of the French Revolution <ul><li>Phase 3: The Directory (1795-99) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Directory Established </li>...
French Revolution Achievements <ul><li>Ends Feudalism </li></ul><ul><li>Brings people into politics </li></ul><ul><li>Begi...
Problems with the French Revolution <ul><li>No stable government established </li></ul><ul><li>Execution of the King; then...
Post-Napoleonic Order <ul><li>Congress of Vienna, 1815 </li></ul><ul><li>Restore balance of power </li></ul><ul><li>Preven...
Latin America <ul><li>In Haiti a true revolution occurs </li></ul><ul><li>Other then Haiti, Latin American independence a ...
French Revolution Legacy <ul><li>Completely breaks fully established, traditional political and social systems </li></ul><...
French Revolution Legacy <ul><li>People want complete social and political change, a break from the oppressive absolute mo...
Question <ul><li>Which revolution do you consider more revolutionary?  Why? </li></ul>
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French and American Revolutions

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Transcript of "French and American Revolutions"

  1. 1. Comparison: French and American Revolutions and their Legacies AP World History West Hills High School
  2. 2. Basic Differences <ul><li>French Revolution wanted to change everything - Government, Social Structure, Economy, Religion </li></ul><ul><li>American Revolution sought a change in government, but the social system remained intact </li></ul>
  3. 3. American Revolution <ul><li>Most colonists wished to remain members of the British Empire </li></ul><ul><li>Violation of “Rights of Englishmen” </li></ul><ul><li>A “war for independence” or a revolution? </li></ul>
  4. 4. American Revolution <ul><li>The British upper class was simply replaced by a new American upper class </li></ul><ul><li>Lives of others (women, Native Americans, commoners, slaves) changed little. </li></ul><ul><li>Legacy of American Revolution: created revolutionary constitution that would evolve into its modern form </li></ul>
  5. 5. French Revolution Causes <ul><li>Political - no representation, King Louis XVI weak, inefficient government </li></ul><ul><li>Economic - Inequitable taxation, economic crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Religious - Church power corrupt </li></ul><ul><li>Social - Urban poor, feudalism, rising middle class </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual - Enlightenment ideas attacked power of King, Church </li></ul>
  6. 6. Course of the French Revolution <ul><li>Phase 1 (Moderate): National Assembly (1789-91) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Meeting of the Estates General </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tennis Court Oath </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Storming of the Bastille </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Declaration of Rights of Man </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Constitution of 1791 </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Course <ul><li>Phase 2 (Radical): National Assembly (1792-1794) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>War with Austria, Prussia, and Britain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Second Revolution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reign of Terror </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Course of the French Revolution <ul><li>Phase 3: The Directory (1795-99) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Directory Established </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Military success </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Napoleon Takes Control </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Military genius, conquers much of Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Makes peace within France </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Finally defeated at Waterloo </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. French Revolution Achievements <ul><li>Ends Feudalism </li></ul><ul><li>Brings people into politics </li></ul><ul><li>Begins to secularize Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on tradition lessens – change important to the future </li></ul><ul><li>Growth of nationalism comes from French idea of “Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity” </li></ul><ul><li>Enlightenment idea that everything works rationally takes hold </li></ul>
  10. 10. Problems with the French Revolution <ul><li>No stable government established </li></ul><ul><li>Execution of the King; then Reign of Terror </li></ul><ul><li>After Reign of Terror, people desperate for stability and support Napoleon </li></ul>
  11. 11. Post-Napoleonic Order <ul><li>Congress of Vienna, 1815 </li></ul><ul><li>Restore balance of power </li></ul><ul><li>Prevent further revolutions </li></ul><ul><li>Restore legitimate rulers </li></ul><ul><li>Austria, Prussia, Russia, and France crack down on nationalist and liberal movements </li></ul>
  12. 12. Latin America <ul><li>In Haiti a true revolution occurs </li></ul><ul><li>Other then Haiti, Latin American independence a conservative reaction to liberalism - Creoles afraid of sharing power </li></ul><ul><li>Emerging countries undemocratic </li></ul><ul><li>Spain prevented by Britain to regain colonies </li></ul>
  13. 13. French Revolution Legacy <ul><li>Completely breaks fully established, traditional political and social systems </li></ul><ul><li>Common people from the lower and middle classes want to be part of the political system </li></ul><ul><li>Course of European history changes, sets the stage for democratic development and other revolutions (i.e. Russian Revolution) </li></ul>
  14. 14. French Revolution Legacy <ul><li>People want complete social and political change, a break from the oppressive absolute monarchs of the time </li></ul><ul><li>Conservatism vs. Liberalism </li></ul><ul><li>A new sense of nationalism is born – people are dedicated to the greatness of the nation in a way not really seen before </li></ul>
  15. 15. Question <ul><li>Which revolution do you consider more revolutionary? Why? </li></ul>
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