Foundations Overview
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Like this? Share it with your network

Share
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
3,251
On Slideshare
2,826
From Embeds
425
Number of Embeds
10

Actions

Shares
Downloads
107
Comments
0
Likes
1

Embeds 425

http://apworld.wikispaces.com 259
http://rodriguez207.edublogs.org 91
http://msgurr.weebly.com 46
https://apworld.wikispaces.com 8
http://www.weebly.com 7
http://www.historicallyinclined.blogspot.com 7
http://historicallyinclined.blogspot.com 2
http://reidsworld.okaloosaschools.wikispaces.net 2
http://jspivey.wikispaces.com 2
http://isomoodle.imgsoftware.com 1

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Foundations Part 1: Prehistory to 1000 B.C.E.
  • 2. Beginnings
    • Early man spreads from Africa to Europe, Asia
    • Initially hunters and gathers
    • Between 9000 B.C.E. to 7000 B.C.E. agriculture starts in Middle East
    • By 1000 B.C.E. agriculture in most of world
  • 3. Early Civilizations
    • Greater populations, specialization of jobs
    • Metal working => farming, military advancements
    • Cities emerge - center of politics and trade
    • Government structure, social classes distinct
  • 4. Civilization Characteristics
    • Writing system
    • Formal government
    • Expanding trade
    • Urban centers
    • Social inequality
  • 5. Decline
    • 1000 B.C.E. all change or decline
    • Invasions in Indus Valley, Mesopotamia, Egypt
    • China - Zhou Dynasty begins expansion
  • 6. Foundations Part 2: 1000 B.C.E. to 600 C.E. The Classical World
  • 7. General Characteristics
    • Indo-European Migrations - From central Asia to India, Middle East, southern Europe
    • Iron advances agriculture, weapons
    • Trade within regions expand
    • Formalize cultural systems develop
      • Early Hinduism in India
      • Confucianism in China
  • 8. Classical Social Systems
    • Based upon inequality
    • India - Development of Caste System
    • China - Confucianism = rigid hierarchy
    • Mediterranean - Aristocrats to peasants and slaves
    • Why?
  • 9. China
    • Decentralized Zhou to centralized state to bureaucratic state
    • Confucianism encourages self control, mutual respect, hierarchy
    • Technological advances (paper)
    • More of a political focus
  • 10. India
    • Widely traveled merchants - Middle East and South Asia
    • Hinduism emphasizes duty to caste, reincarnation
    • Buddhism develops as a reaction to Hindu inequality, ritualism
    • Overall more of a cultural, economic focus
  • 11. Mediterranean
    • Greeks
      • Artistic, philosophical, political
      • Never unified, internal warfare
      • Alexander would spread Greek culture in Hellenistic period
  • 12. Mediterranean
    • Rome
      • Republic granted some powers to citizens - mostly aristocratic
      • Empire develops after Republic, long period of political unity in region
      • Christianity develops, spreads in empire
  • 13. Elsewhere
    • Agricultural societies expand in Russia, Japan, Northwestern Europe, Africa
    • In Africa Bantu migrations start
    • In the Americas, civilizations in the Andes, Mayans
  • 14. Major Interactions
    • Alexander connects Europe to India
    • Trade routes (Silk Roads, sea routes) would bring Buddhism to China, Chinese silk to Europe
  • 15. Decline of Classical Societies
    • Invasions from Central Asia end Han Dynasty, later Gupta Dynasty in India
    • Germanic tribes pushed into Western Europe by Central Asia nomads, end Roman Empire
    • Massive epidemics
    • Growing corruption, political incompetence
  • 16. Decline of Classical Societies
    • Europe - western Europe suffers worst decline, Byzantine Empire flourishes in East
    • China goes through 300 years of disunity
    • India declines politically, but Hinduism strengthens, spreads; trade continues strongly