End of WWII /  Beginning of Cold War
Europe <ul><li>Germany surrenders May 1945 </li></ul><ul><li>Potsdam Conference:   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany divided, ...
Europe <ul><li>European countries largely bankrupted by war </li></ul><ul><li>USA and USSR  new world superpowers </li></ul>
Treatment of Germany: -US and USSR -United Nations -Strategic alliances (Warsaw Pact, NATO) -Threat of Atomic Warfare (WWI...
Leads to Origins of the Cold War <ul><li>Soviets   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rebuild economy using German industry </li></ul><...
Japan/Asia <ul><li>Surrendered August 1945 after First (and only) use of atomic weapons:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>August 6 –...
Japan/Asia <ul><li>Loses all territories since 1895 </li></ul><ul><li>General MacArthur  oversees drafting of new  constit...
Long-standing changes <ul><li>Difference between the  west  and  east  would quickly start the Cold War </li></ul><ul><ul>...
Long-standing changes <ul><li>Nationalism  and  anti-colonialism  = desires for  independence  and  self-determination </l...
What was the Cold War? <ul><li>A state of  economic ,  diplomatic , and  ideological  discord among nations without armed ...
US & USSR <ul><li>Both Wanted to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>defeat Hitler </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Politically/ economically...
Cold War Battles <ul><li>Diplomatic wars span the Americans, Asia, Africa, and Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Wars fought throug...
Early Actions <ul><li>Potsdam:   How to Handle Germany? </li></ul><ul><li>Yalta:   Free choice in gov’t style </li></ul><u...
New World Classifications <ul><li>“ First World” Countries:   Industrialized, wealthy countries (Western Europe, Canada, U...
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End of WWII/Cold War 2008

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End of WWII/Cold War 2008

  1. 1. End of WWII / Beginning of Cold War
  2. 2. Europe <ul><li>Germany surrenders May 1945 </li></ul><ul><li>Potsdam Conference: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany divided, occupied by Allies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany de-Nazified </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nuremberg Trials: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>War Criminals, Holocaust collaborators tried </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crimes Against Humanity developed </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Europe <ul><li>European countries largely bankrupted by war </li></ul><ul><li>USA and USSR new world superpowers </li></ul>
  4. 4. Treatment of Germany: -US and USSR -United Nations -Strategic alliances (Warsaw Pact, NATO) -Threat of Atomic Warfare (WWIII) Ineffective League of Nations Terms of Treaty of Versailles Britain & France “ Peace-keepers” Allies take care of military needs of their regions German military effectively scrapped and outlawed Military Potsdam Conference: Each Allied power could extract from their portion of Germany Loss of territories taken by Hitler Treaty of Versailles: Exorbitant - to Allies and Belgium Loss of colonies, Rhineland, Ruhr Valley, Alsace-Lorraine War Indemnities De-Nazified; Democratic West Communist East Flawed Weimar Republic Political After WWII After WWI
  5. 5. Leads to Origins of the Cold War <ul><li>Soviets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rebuild economy using German industry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany = “Buffer” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eventual World Revolution </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Americans/British/French </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Want to contain spread of Communism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Democratic/Capitalistic “self-determination” </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Japan/Asia <ul><li>Surrendered August 1945 after First (and only) use of atomic weapons: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>August 6 – Hiroshima, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>August 9 – Nagasaki </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Japan/Asia <ul><li>Loses all territories since 1895 </li></ul><ul><li>General MacArthur oversees drafting of new constitution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emperor looses god-like status (though not war criminal) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Japan demilitarized </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimal war crimes (compare to Germany) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1951 - Regains independence </li></ul>
  8. 8. Long-standing changes <ul><li>Difference between the west and east would quickly start the Cold War </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nuclear weapons complicate issue </li></ul></ul><ul><li>United Nations : works for world peace & improve the lives of the people of the world. (Replaces League of Nations) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Long-standing changes <ul><li>Nationalism and anti-colonialism = desires for independence and self-determination </li></ul><ul><ul><li>See: India, Africa, Asia </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Advances in science and technology makes world much smaller (synthetic rubber, radar, synthetic materials, jet engines, atomic weapons/energy) </li></ul><ul><li>New world powers, new threats, new rules lead to … COLD WAR </li></ul>
  10. 10. What was the Cold War? <ul><li>A state of economic , diplomatic , and ideological discord among nations without armed conflict after World War II. </li></ul><ul><li>But, no direct fighting (“hot war”) between superpowers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Why ? </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. US & USSR <ul><li>Both Wanted to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>defeat Hitler </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Politically/ economically dominate world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eliminate the other - major threat! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Difference in Perspective: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Soviets: capitalism brought imperialism and war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Americans: communism was totalitarian and bent on subjugating other nations </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Cold War Battles <ul><li>Diplomatic wars span the Americans, Asia, Africa, and Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Wars fought through other nations </li></ul><ul><li>No direct fighting </li></ul><ul><li>Rule of Thumb: “The enemy of my enemy is my friend” </li></ul><ul><li>For the US: If your not a communist, it’s all good. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Early Actions <ul><li>Potsdam: How to Handle Germany? </li></ul><ul><li>Yalta: Free choice in gov’t style </li></ul><ul><li>Marshall Plan: American $$$ to rebuilding countries (just don’t go Red!) </li></ul><ul><li>Truman Doctrine: American $$$ to Greece & Turkey (keep Soviets bottled up in Black Sea!) </li></ul>
  14. 14. New World Classifications <ul><li>“ First World” Countries: Industrialized, wealthy countries (Western Europe, Canada, US, Australia) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Second World” Countries: Communist / Communist-controlled countries (USSR, Soviet-bloc countries, China) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Third World” Countries: Poor, unindustrialized countries that have some sort of natural resource to exploit. (Congo, Iraq) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Fourth World” Countries: Poor, unindustrialized countries that have little- to no resources to exploit (Haiti) </li></ul>

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