Early Middle Ages Overview

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Early Middle Ages Overview

  1. 1. Early Middle Ages AP World History
  2. 2. Fall of Rome it 476 AD Rome invaded *3 Centralized government disappears ** Loss of Greek and Roman learning and common language lfi Transportation l and T communication ‘A ' ~ ~ halts T
  3. 3. lcong Term Effects 0 Constant warfare and invasions 0 Cities abandoned as economic and political centers 0 Population becomes mostly rural 0 Political, economic, and cultural face of Europe changes 0 Feudalism develops
  4. 4. létages of the Middle Ages 0 Stage 1 (476-750) — Several smaller kingdoms form after Rome; Franks in France, Visigoths in Spain, Saxons in Germany. No unity. 0 Viking raids begin
  5. 5. Viking Exploration Routes I T", GHFFNIAND * . ll SCANDINAVIA 5 2/. . ICELAND _ ‘F ' - NORWAY ' ‘ N d l SWl: L)i: N __. .—-' °'9°'° ‘,1’ I l V l 1 ’ ‘Q1, ~/ ‘/ ix, -_l| /. ,4’ RUSSIA , F ' _ g E V . ) I/ ‘(I "' . _ 'l'rankisl>{q"«pire / l {Kiev K fl l - VINLAND . I“ L-s , ’ (NEWFOUNDLANDT "Pam / ,r—'A J7 9 T HUNGARY - ” )1 _, ’'‘‘“'‘-‘- , Constantinople ; _§y3antiwe Empire
  6. 6. ‘Stages of the Middle Ages 0 Stage 2 (750-814) - Holy Roman Muslims who had invaded France through Spain. Empire under Charlemagne defeats O T
  7. 7. , , Fmnltish Ling, dom.7bS l l}_, ..: .., a “U “mun” “ ‘ Conquered h)'Clr. irlem. ignc. to SH L‘ '5fl= “*""""‘T"""T ffi 'l‘ribut. iryprovinccs : _ ll») unlinc linipirc , ,, 4, : [mile '3 SC0Tl. :ND _'U rfh ‘:2 T 0 I30 XIV)’ l }_. ,_. L_, .__l 5‘ " lIll'illIl ‘L- -; |. '~u no Lilmmticn D Nib ¢. r.T. w. ‘ “:7 'u r! Immbn'n A T 3 IRELAND ‘ _ (muun Iumw ‘Z _ Tm rm rum 1 TTu'uT ‘V . '. »rrIrM"“M Fast " . 1‘| ‘ . l/ll I , / Wales , ;,, Q;; ,, ' _“, '_, '_ $4L'on)' K‘ I “by W ‘ £<s¢'. l’ ‘Ul'""‘ 80.] 34- V ('. vrs'. '.; ;, .,w, . - - (‘. .~i'. '. ' . T, ' ll H'li. 'rv 5lnk4f”' I NV’ ln‘ ’* ' " ‘'““l I l 1 H H . _‘l . i . _ - _ : l'll ' " l"‘ ‘ " """ -‘l"-""‘-"“ 2 Division ofthc lunpirc by the flw‘ “— P; m? -, mu '3 Trr. m' of Verdun. 845 -H V . . ‘ 9 olimml . B" ‘HUIAFIHITITI , T3. . !orm'm y R < . . , . . . L , .T, , _ llmurm '9 4‘ 4‘ 5 I‘ I I‘ A I I (. g ' . ' ' . l-'TlIIJllllIlHi7|b. '8 A P _ _ PgT'T are, ‘ *: .'a o unuonum O E rl l‘ ‘1 , " _ ' Burgrnidy ’ ’ ’; - _! ;m-h «. ‘l"" ""’“ _l‘T"" , , m rm'lm . ,, .55 - U‘ ' . , , Isirm '- (' V . ’-"“"' ‘-''——'NC'‘ 1 . IT‘n'r‘I'I i. lll|1‘l Boncesval/ cs '“'“m) lJ"'ll""‘l)‘. Ravc»"34*/7 ‘Bosnia " 778', 771' . —/ 4, WW” l l’. i’. -l. ’4,. ‘#4, mm». _ . .~. IATI-LS v, . “AM if , all . Barce'; '-3 (. uI"_lt'l1 RC7). IFJ. AL-ANDALUS DL§(: in_'or '3» (5p, |N) BE. l. ’lNf0 ‘, “,k‘‘f”“ ' . amlIm. l “'"_” . Ccrdoca (2 w. .uT'l< 1.». ‘ ’ A Tlmlili'rIllni'un Sm: of» . IA ill‘.
  8. 8. Stages of the Middle Ages 0 Stage 3 (815-1050) — Carolingian Empire falls apart and nobles started feudal system.
  9. 9. Stages of the I/ Iidd e Ages W Stage 4 1050- . T’ 1300)— ise of national monarchs l T, brings changes and 1 A stability. - , V / , it First agricultural ; ,” ‘,1’ V‘ revolution allows for ‘in / l. _ population I ‘ , . increase. a , _ ‘xv’ W Trade starts up . ‘= again, cities are r . ~ repopulated. I 0 V’: l‘L | , ». Y '. I / x r, ., 1&0 ,0 1/ I I
  10. 10. Feudalism it Decentralization of Roman Empire *3 Pyramidal structure A Offered protection 6* Relied upon mutual obligations and oaths of homage and fealty 10
  11. 11. - Dixidcs and - Pledges lo}alL)< ill‘ilrl'Il| t“ lnml - Swirl. » milil. ry lfi¢l‘don1;~ - when request - Pm. l(lC> slicltcr. ' Plculgc» l0_. Lll)‘ prmectimi. and - Serves in nrblek llwtllb lu produce llill. L|l'_- lood f: »€‘l'l3l D ‘ ‘ I ' ' l * Pf‘0VlilC -<hc'lcr. ' Fzinns the lT“. "ld protection. and - Pa}s rent and Llllul lus‘-
  12. 12. Social Structure is Nobles - Wealthy ruling class that owned land. Included kings, lords, knights ii Serfs - Largest but poorest part of population. Did most of the labor. *3 Freemen - Lived in town; were generally craftsmen who made and sold goods. Not naturally a part of the feudal system. 12
  13. 13. The Manorial System 0 Large estates that , ‘ were able to meet all ; of their own needs - 0 Smaller farmers ceded land to . nobles for protection , 0 Made up of fields, a small town with a mill and workshops, a church, and a casfle 13
  14. 14. Christianity after the Fall of Rome It The Church was the only institution that remained *3 A centralized and structured system kept the Church alive it Used Roman governmental methods to stay organized it Unifying “glue” for Europeans 14
  15. 15. Faith Intensifies 0 People turned to God as the only hope in a life of fear and difficulty 0 Promise of reward in next life became major focus 15
  16. 16. Church Control *3 Bishops take up leadership roles in decimated l communities a’~: :* r “F Cathedrals become the center of cities , , ‘ , and towns ' “‘ _' if; it Church attempts to 1 . . control/ influence , . a’ ‘M _ kings, nobles, and _ .13-_, t2 , peasants ‘ 16
  17. 17. The Crusades - 600 cE — Muslims Iconiumf occupy Holy Land ”"i"? f“7‘"f" . f 0 1070 CE -Turks attack Byzantine Empire, ask Pope Urban II for assistance The C111‘; -xsfuul . I Flu, lt-Is’ Ill U19 Emit
  18. 18. The Crusades: Causes it Europe begins to thrive I Conversion of Vikings and Magyars I Agricultural advances increase food supply it Roman-Byzantine Rivalry I Great Schism, 1064 I Benedictine Reform causes Church in West to be more attentive to business and provides impetus to attempts to reassert control 18
  19. 19. The Crusades: Causes it Events in Muslim World I Byzantines lose Anatolia to Turks. I Turks disrupt pilgrim traffic. 19
  20. 20. Call for a Crusade 0 Urban ll calls for Crusade, 1095 0 Objectives I Drive Turks from Anatolia I Obligate the Byzanfines I Provide occasion for ‘ healing Great Schism on Rome's terms A . - w I Capture Holy Land
  21. 21. Reasons to fight I Believed this was God's command. I Some wished for land and power, and sought to rule new kingdoms there. 0 Others wanted an indulgence - This meant you had less time to spend in Purgatory, a forgiveness of your sins.
  22. 22. Reasons to fight 0 Given to the Frankish Army Now we hope that none of you will be slain, . but we wish you to know that the kingdom of heaven will be given as a reward to those who shall be killed in this war. For the Omnipotent knows that they lost their lives fighting for the truth of the faith, for the preservation of their countn/ ,, aiid the defence of Christians. And therefore God will give then, the reward which we have named.
  23. 23. Course of the Crusades 0 Nine Crusades carried out lost four times 0 Lack of interest, rising European prosperity 0 Repeated military defeats 0 Defeated Muslim defenders four times, . C
  24. 24. ,-, - », .. 1 4 . - _/ “j - H)ILWYI ‘ K "~ V . -.. . vaL‘I-ct Pn'.1t. I um "‘ "-/ ~_ / _>'~_l fififiocx ‘ "’; :/ ——. >— 'o. *:u mrocwimnc : flt"rI' AND ‘/ f | (3r¢‘u, :,{; -. .-. . W , .., _ , . z Y’ " ' fl . & ; IR‘5fTlLc:1Jls‘b]VIUD {I III -I! -15). ’ ‘ E nu urnt xnvou ' . ’ '_‘ . - u -. .l. 'I-an nu-1'. .- £LIf| Iu’M. WAVl' Amwru: rv-J I 0:£AN IIILLUJNS ‘ ‘ (II ‘E’ Ivxm-mulunr tn. Vazlcn Torin. do l'(Il. RNI)}) Nifltflllulhllkl I“, I hnu Grind: lsulu "tvlvululr II Id] In‘ mulflu fin ""'*‘ ""’~. nuwr l ' . v,, ,,, ~. . Lk[)N. Nwttlllt ‘. ' ~ F-.4‘ AND , - I HIE: _ 3**°"*r«. .. *, .1 L/ ’ - ‘ . é-_. my mun. . ‘ MU"--I-‘ T _I , ( _/ cAsnl. s;(‘' -J , ‘KL. 5'5 <4": . J K L. » »- - ""°“" t. ";'J. ’.’. ... .. " "pl / _ Van» nunv| llgIul‘' . . I C I 1" , .—’/ ’ ‘/ ‘fs . §_’. / .5‘? /": ':""" Ir mm: W" "" "‘3/; ?’(ol‘. T1' or _), I / I ' i: nLn A ' ' P’ Q! *1 . .l(I91IA ‘- O _/ -, ' _. -I; .‘ _ "" ' - ‘- ~55‘-"_“_: "f-‘ J I'll]! -‘! ‘iI'M. I‘h' r. , « _ 5} u . u~1Iocn_, , -,3‘ ' Ftdu I 'lVa'ld LN’! . ‘_ l Il'I¢I. !’«"—{‘ 3 ¢.3w, ;-I-731 "31.: / "&~_. }:I£~: .I, l mmou Frstcwiidl Ti~1:1u': n -7 «CH ¢7)(: pr, |x)~10[ ‘mas III--M ‘. 4 Av 3 , ,4 “" In fi! .r: r.um. m iIH5I“M | -IIIIWIUU HIV on sun: yrwlonn ollltrl. ‘ cum Ifpur . ' lulznulfiamo I. .. uu. ... —- .4 .1 "M M lII‘a! 'vI| l , ,,__, _,_ ,1“ 6 )G—| tI (anion K um-hi-M (-rain x. m. ’.1.nm 014i
  25. 25. Eifec‘ts of Crusades I Fatal weakening of Byzantine Empire It Vast increase in cultural horizons for many Europeans. iii Stimulated Mediterranean trade. it Need to transfer large sums of money for troops and supplies led to development of banking techniques. it As Europeans had more contact with the outside world, the Crusades began to tarnish the Church's image. 25
  26. 26. ‘Effects of Crusades 0 Knowledge introduced to Europe I Heavy stone masonry, construction of castles and stone churches. I Siege technology, tunneling, sapping. 0 Weakening of nobility, rise of merchant classes 0 Enrichment was primarily from East to West--Europe had little to give in return. I Long-standing mistrust developed between Muslims and Christians.

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