Convergence in India Islamic Invaders in Hindu India
Early Interactions <ul><li>Arab traders had long traded with India </li></ul><ul><li>Lower Sind (west India) conquered in ...
Sultanate of Delhi <ul><li>Muhmud of Ghazni - Turkish leader from Afghanistan leads expeditions to n. India </li></ul><ul>...
Map of the Muslim World, 661 AD
Map of the Muslim World c.A.D.900
Map of the Muslim World c.A.D. 1100
Map of the Muslim World c.A.D. 1500
Early Interactions <ul><li>Two sophisticated cultures with significant differences </li></ul><ul><li>Hinduism - closed, ti...
Early Interactions <ul><li>Muslims migrate to India, live in cities </li></ul><ul><li>Early interactions violent </li></ul...
Conversions <ul><li>Merchants, government workers </li></ul><ul><li>Lower castes, untouchables </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhists...
Influences <ul><li>Muslim Princes adopted Hindu customs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Including claims of divine descent </li></ul...
Women <ul><li>Muslim women had more rights, could divorce, remarry, own land </li></ul><ul><li>Muslim custom of  purdah  t...
Separation <ul><li>The Hindus believe that there is no country but theirs, no nation like theirs, no kings like theirs, no...
Separation <ul><li>Interactions within political and economic spheres </li></ul><ul><li>Otherwise they lived separately </...
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Convergence: Islam & Hinduism in India

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Convergence: Islam & Hinduism in India

  1. 1. Convergence in India Islamic Invaders in Hindu India
  2. 2. Early Interactions <ul><li>Arab traders had long traded with India </li></ul><ul><li>Lower Sind (west India) conquered in 711 </li></ul><ul><li>1000-1500 Muslim invaders spread through Northern India </li></ul><ul><li>Southern India politically divided but relatively stable, peaceful - able to resist Muslim advances </li></ul>
  3. 3. Sultanate of Delhi <ul><li>Muhmud of Ghazni - Turkish leader from Afghanistan leads expeditions to n. India </li></ul><ul><li>Islamic state established by his successors, limited power outside Delhi </li></ul>
  4. 4. Map of the Muslim World, 661 AD
  5. 5. Map of the Muslim World c.A.D.900
  6. 6. Map of the Muslim World c.A.D. 1100
  7. 7. Map of the Muslim World c.A.D. 1500
  8. 8. Early Interactions <ul><li>Two sophisticated cultures with significant differences </li></ul><ul><li>Hinduism - closed, tightly structured, ancient </li></ul><ul><li>Muslim community - open, mobile, new </li></ul><ul><li>Muslims dominant </li></ul>
  9. 9. Early Interactions <ul><li>Muslims migrate to India, live in cities </li></ul><ul><li>Early interactions violent </li></ul><ul><li>Tensions ease over time, population increases, mosques built </li></ul><ul><li>Occasional violence erupts </li></ul>
  10. 10. Conversions <ul><li>Merchants, government workers </li></ul><ul><li>Lower castes, untouchables </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhists - Indian Buddhism failing </li></ul><ul><li>Sufis set up mosques and schools </li></ul><ul><li>Hindus did not convert in large numbers </li></ul>
  11. 11. Influences <ul><li>Muslim Princes adopted Hindu customs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Including claims of divine descent </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Caste system adopted by Muslims </li></ul><ul><li>Indian science, math, medicine influences Arab scholars </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eventually sparks Arab and European scientific revolutions </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Women <ul><li>Muslim women had more rights, could divorce, remarry, own land </li></ul><ul><li>Muslim custom of purdah transferred to upper Indian castes </li></ul><ul><li>Hindu custom of marrying younger transferred to Muslims </li></ul>
  13. 13. Separation <ul><li>The Hindus believe that there is no country but theirs, no nation like theirs, no kings like theirs, no religion like theirs, no science like theirs. They are haughty, foolishly vain, self-conceited and stolid. Al-Biruni, chronicler of Muslim conquests </li></ul>
  14. 14. Separation <ul><li>Interactions within political and economic spheres </li></ul><ul><li>Otherwise they lived separately </li></ul><ul><li>Hindus saw Muslims as inferior </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Polluting outcasts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Young religion - can’t last </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Muslims would eventually be integrated </li></ul></ul>

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