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Chinese Dynasties Overview
 

Chinese Dynasties Overview

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From the Shang to the Qing Dynasties - a quick overview.

From the Shang to the Qing Dynasties - a quick overview.

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16 of 6 previous next Post a comment

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
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  • The information on Qin Shi Huang is incorrect. He was a great leader and nation builder. For a full, researched and correct report on the first emperor, and the founding principles and practices of China go to The School of Sun Tzu: Winning Empires without War. http://tinyurl.com/auxtvdq
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  • Excellent ,thanks heaps and my year 8's too!
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  • Great presentation about the need to innovate company models; how you can represent them succinctly; as well as the need to make advancement initiatives actionable. Superb use of photographs as well as obvious to see illustrative examples.
    Teisha
    http://dashinghealth.com http://healthimplants.com
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  • Well then were the Xia dynasty a legendary one.. I heard that Da yu was the first BIG guy of this dynasty!! and weren't the tang one to open the Silk road??? Ok.. though i only doubt that much though others are just too good,... I mean excellent...

    THANKS :D
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  • oh my god you have no idea how helpful this was!!!!!! thanks so much!
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    Chinese Dynasties Overview Chinese Dynasties Overview Presentation Transcript

    • Chinese Dynasty Overview Shang to Qing AP World History
    •  
    • Shang (1700 - 1027 BCE)
      • First recorded Dynasty (Xia - no written records)
      • Ruled by aristocracy
      • First Chinese cities, center of court life
      • Developed writing, worked with bronze, created silk
      • Honored ancestors, used oracle bones
      • Shang tyrant emperor overthrown
    •  
    • Zhou (1027 - 250 BCE)
      • Longest lasting Chinese Dynasty
      • Beginning of Mandate of Heaven
      • Early: Feudal system, lords had total authority
      • Later: City-states
      • Built roads, expanded trade, made agricultural advancements
    •  
    • Zhou (1027 - 250 BCE)
      • Taoism and Confucianism introduced
      • Decline: Inefficient rulers can’t control fighting between city-states
      • Period of Warring States
    • Qin (221 - 207 BCE)
      • Qin She Huanshi - only emperor
      • Adopted Legalism
      • Developed highly centralized gov’t with bureaucratic administration
      • Standardized currency, language, measurements, laws
      • Built first Great Wall
    •  
    • Qin (221 - 207 BCE)
      • Brutal ruler - executed dissenters, burned books
      • Many enemies, dynasty falls after his death
    • Han (202 BCE - 221 CE)
      • Legalism replaced by Confucianism
      • Introduced civil service examination (scholar gentry)
      • Silk Roads developed, opens trade
    • Han (202 BCE - 221 CE)
      • Buddhism introduced, paper invented
      • Great increase in population, land holdings
      • Decline
      • Nomadic raiders
      • Corruption, weak leaders
      • Collapse of bureaucracy
    •  
    • 221 - 581 (CE)
      • Warlords control china - no centralized gov’t
      • Non-Chinese nomads control much of China
      • Buddhism becomes popular - Confucianism failed
    • Sui (581 - 618 CE)
      • Completed Grand Canal
      • High taxes, forced labor
      • Military failures (couldn’t conquer Korea)
      • Assassination ends dynasty
    •  
    • Tang (618 - 907 CE)
      • High point of Chinese culture
      • Rebuilt bureaucracy
        • Examination system
        • Confucian education
        • Limited social mobility
      • Buddhism supported, then oppressed
      • Invention of movable print, porcelain, gun powder
    •  
    • Tang (618 - 907 CE)
      • Wu Zetian - Only Empress in Chinese history
      • Decline
      • Weak emperors, nomadic incursions, economic difficulties
      • Warlords take control
    • Song (969 - 1279 CE)
      • Large centralized bureaucracy (Neo-Confucian)
      • Mercantile class grows, increased trade
      • Magnetic compass, growing sea power
      • Weak military
    •  
    •  
    • Yuan (1279 - 1368 CE)
      • Mongol Khubilai Khan conquers China
      • Economic stability and prosperity
      • China more open to trade and travel (Marco Polo)
      • Ignored Chinese traditions, replaced bureaucrats with non-Chinese
      • Unsuccessful attacks on Japan, corruption weakens dynasty
      • Peasant rebellion ends Yuan
    •  
    • Ming (1368 - 1644 CE)
      • Tried to erase all signs of Mongols
      • Reinstated civil service, Confucian scholars
      • Eunuchs play growing role (Zheng He) - resented by scholar gentry
      • Rebuilt and extended Great Wall
      • Collapsed after famines and riots
    •  
    • Qing (1644 - 1911 CE)
      • Manchus (from Manchuria) move south
      • Take Korea, Japan, then China
      • Manchus hold top posts, but relied upon scholar gentry
      • “ Son of Heaven” concept emphasized
      • Would be final Chinese Dynasty
      • Eventually would be weakened by European / American interventions
    •  
    • Chinese Dynasty Song
      • Shang, Zhou, Qin, Han shang, joe, chin, hahn
      • Shang, Zhou, Qin, Han
      • Sui, Tang, Song sway, tang, soong
      • Sui, Tang, Song
      • Yuan, Ming, Qing, Republic yooan, ming, ching, Republic
      • Yuan, Ming, Qing, Republic
      • Mao Zedong mou dzu dong
      • Mao Zedong