Causes of WWI

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Causes of WWI

  1. 1. Causes of WWI
  2. 2. Long-Term Causes <ul><li>Economic Competition – The race for markets, spheres of influence, and raw materials. </li></ul><ul><li>Expansionist Rivalries - Struggle for political colonies and strategic locations. </li></ul><ul><li>Militarism – Policy of glorifying the military and staying prepared for war </li></ul><ul><li>Nationalism – Extreme dedication and loyalty to one’s country </li></ul>
  3. 3. Short-Term Causes <ul><li>Entangling alliances pulled everyone into the war </li></ul><ul><li>Triple Alliance (Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy) </li></ul><ul><li>Germany gave Austria-Hungary a “blank check” </li></ul><ul><li>Triple Entente (England, France, and Russia) – Treaty of Friendship </li></ul><ul><li>Each “concerned” about power of others </li></ul>
  4. 4. Precipitating Events <ul><li>Moroccan Crisis between France and Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Balkan Wars in 1912-13 raises tensions between Russia, Serbia, Germany, and Austria-Hungary </li></ul><ul><li>Balkans considered the “Powder Keg of Europe” </li></ul>
  5. 5. Domino Effect <ul><li>(1) June 28, 1914 – Austrian Archduke Ferdinand assassinated in Sarajevo, Bosnia </li></ul><ul><li>A-H issues an ultimatum to allow Austria forces to investigate and stop anti-Austrian activities </li></ul>
  6. 6. Domino Effect <ul><li>(2) Serbia refuses ultimatum, Austria-Hungary declares war </li></ul><ul><li>(3) Russia mobilizes army to defend Serbia </li></ul><ul><li>(4) Germany declares war on Russia </li></ul>
  7. 7. Domino Effect <ul><li>(5) France declares war on Germany </li></ul><ul><li>(6) Germany invades Belgium to attack France </li></ul><ul><li>(7) Britain declares war on Germany </li></ul>
  8. 8. Domino Effect <ul><li>Italy decides that its chances to gain land is better with France, Britain, and Russia </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the fighting takes place in Western Europe, even though the conflict started in the Balkans in Eastern Europe </li></ul>

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