Hack Osaka: Innovation Strategies for Regional Startup Ecosystems


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slides for my talk at Hack Osaka Innovation Conference (Osaka, Feb 2013)

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Hack Osaka: Innovation Strategies for Regional Startup Ecosystems

  1. HACK! Osaka Innovation Strategies forRegional Startup Ecosystems Dave McClure 500 Startups Osaka, Feb 2013 http://slideshare.net/dmc500hats
  2. BE. THE. NAIL!1. BE THE NAIL THAT STICKS OUT. 1. MOVE FAST, BREAK THINGS. 1. DON’T BE AFRAID TO FAIL! (and, tell everyone you know about it, Including your parents and your boss)
  3. This Talk Will Confuse You.• Innovation Recipes = Creativity + FAILURE + Iteration• Innovation Examples: Tech, Product, Process, etc• Silicon Valley Magic: Geeks + Entrepreneurs + VCs• Kaizen for Entrepreneurs: Little Bets + “Lean Startup”• Kaizen for VCs: Incubators + Accelerators• Innovation for Regional Ecosystems• Innovation for Government & Legal Systems
  4. “We Are 500.” #500STRONG
  5. Dave McClure Founding Partner & Chief Troublemaker, 500 Startups00’s & 10’s:• VC: Founders Fund, Facebook fbFund, 500 Startups• Angel: Mint.com, SlideShare, Twilio, WildFire, SendGrid• Marketing: PayPal, Simply Hired, Mint.com, O’Reilly80’s & 90’s:• Entrepreneur: Aslan Computing (acq’d by Servinet/Panurgy)• Developer: Windows / SQL DB consultant (Intel, MSFT)• Engineer: Johns Hopkins‘88, BS Eng / Applied Math
  6. 500 Startups Global Seed Fund & Startup Accelerator• What is 500? – $60M+ under management – 20 people / 10 investing partners – Locations: SV, NYC, MEX, BRZ, IND, CHN, SEasia – 1000+ Founders / 200+ Mentors – 20+ confs/events per year• 450+ Portfolio Co’s / 30+ Countries – Wildfire (acq GOOG, $350M) – Twilio – SendGrid – TaskRabbit – MakerBot – 9GAG – Viki – Gengo (JPN) – PeaTix (JPN)
  7. 500 Startups: Global Seed Fund startup investments in 30+ countries• Q4/12 added: Germany, Korea, Peru; + Russia & Turkey in Q1/13• Priorities In 2013: SE Asia, Middle East, Eastern Europe
  8. 500 Corporate Sponsors, Tech Partners, & Investors 8
  9. InnovationThink Different.
  10. Creativity, Failure, Iteration• Brainstorm new ideas & approaches (crazy!)• Try many experiments (be *fearless*)• MOST OF THEM WILL FAIL• But, a few will succeed• Iteration will improve success rates• Critical Mass, Network effects help• “Dance Like No One Is Watching”
  12. Failure = CRITICAL to Innovation• Failure not only tolerated, but ENCOURAGED• Success = Continued Iteration of Failure• Japan: Failure = Shame, Silence, Death• US/SV: Failure = Growth, Education, Shared• Celebrity Role Models for Failure• “Fall Down 7 Times, Get Up 8” = Fail Warrior!
  13. Types of Innovation + Examples• Tech Innovation: Electricity, Semiconductors, The Internet• Product Innovation: Cars, Planes, The iPad• Process Innovation: Assembly Line, Kaizen, Lean Startup• Finance Innovation: Mortgages, Derivatives, Venture Capital• Cultural Innovation: Civil Rights, Entrepreneurship, K-Pop• Legal Innovation: Corporations, Class Action Lawsuits, Startup Visa• Ecosystem Innovation: Rome, London, NYC, Silicon Valley
  14. Silicon Valley Innovation Technology & The Internet Entrepreneurs & Failure Venture Capital & Incubators
  15. Silicon Valley (R)Evolution• 40’s: Secret History of Silicon Valley (Steve Blank)• 50’s: Shockley / Semiconductors• 60’s: Fairchild / Traitorous Eight• 70’s/80’s: Intel, Apple, Microsoft• 90’s: Netscape, Yahoo, eBay, Amazon, Cisco• 00’s+: Google, PayPal, LinkedIn, Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, Pinterest… what’s next?
  16. Changes in Startup & VC Ecosystem• LESS Capital required to build product, get to market – Low cost servers, software, bandwidth -- <$100K to build product – 20 years Internet infrastructure (Email, Web Services, Payments, etc) – Few big IPOs, LOTS of small acquisitions (<$100M)• MORE Customers via ONLINE platforms (100M+ users) – Search (Google) – Social (Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn) – Mobile (Apple, Android)• LOTS of little bets: Accelerators, Startups, Small Investment – Y Combinator, TechStars, 500 Startups – Funding + Co-working + Mentoring -> Design, Data, Distribution – “Little Bets” = quantitative, scalable, iterative investment
  17. Platform Innovation Search, Social, Mobile
  18. Platform ViabilitySuccessful Platformshave 3 Things: Features Features1) Features2) Users3) Money Growth Profit Nirvana .. Profitable Users Users .. Growth Money Money
  19. Distribution PlatformsCustomer Reach: 100M+ • Search: Google, Baidu, Yahoo/Bing, Yandex • Social/Games: Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, TenCent/QQ • Mobile: Apple (iOS), Android • Local: Yelp, Groupon, LivingSocial, FourSquare • Media: Video (YouTube), Blogs (Tumblr), Photos (Pinterest) • Comm: SMS, IM, Skype, Phone/Voice, etc
  20. Startup Investor Ecosystem Bootstrap, KickStarter, Crowdfunding Y-Combinator Angels & TechStars Incubators ($0-10M) SV Angel (Conway) SoftTech (Clavier) “Micro-VC” Funds Floodgate (Maples) ($10-100M) Felicis (Senkut) First Round True Smaller VC Funds Union Square ($100-300M) Foundry Group Atomico Andreessen Larger VC Funds (>$300M)Greylock Sequoia
  21. Angel* List: It Rocks. • Startups & Investors • Activity & Metrics • Platform & APIs • Customers & Corporates • *ps – not just for Angels, or USA
  22. Little Bets + Lean Startup Kaizen for Tech Entrepreneurship
  23. Big Data. Little Bets.
  24. Entrepreneurship Innovation• The Lean Startup (Kaizen!)• Customer Development• “MVP” = Minimum Viable Product• Little Bets + Continuous Iteration• Internet Marketing & Distribution Platforms• Revenue-focused Businesses• Incubators & Accelerators• Angel List = http://Angel.co
  25. The Lean StartupCustomers, Metrics, Iteration.
  26. The Lean Startup• Progress ≠ Features; Measure Conversion• Talk to Customers; Discover Problems• Focus on “Product/Market Fit” (good solution)• Fast, Frequent Iteration (+ Feedback Loop)• Keep it Simple & Actionable
  27. MoneyBall 4 Startups http://slideshare.net/paulsingh/moneyball-a-quantitative-approach-to-angel-investing-austin-tx-aug-2012 1. Make Lots Of Little Bets 2. Count Cards (Metrics) 3. Double Down on Winners
  28. “Lots of Little Bets”*1) Make lots of little 30% bets pre-traction, Capital early-stage startups2) after 6-12 months, identify 70% top 20% performers and Capital double-down higher $$$3) conservative model assumes-5-10% large exits @20X ($50-100M+)-10-20% small exits @5X ($5-50M) 28 *See Peter Sims book: “Little Bets”
  29. Bet on Singles, Not HomeRuns. (Look for Ichiros, Not Barry Bonds)
  30. The Lean VC: Lots of Little Bets, Incremental InvestmentMethod: Invest in lots of startups using incremental investment, iterative development. Start with many small experiments, filter out failures, and expand investment in successes… (Rinse & Repeat).• Incubator: $0-100K (“Build & Validate Product”)• Seed: $100K-$1M (“Test & Grow Marketing Channels””)• Venture: $1M-$10M (“Maximize Growth & Revenue”) • VC Evolution: Physician, Scale Thyself (Aug 2012) • MoneyBall for Startups, 500 Startups Investment Thesis (Jul 2010)
  31. Investment Stage #1: Product Validation + Customer Usage• Structure – 1-3 founders – $25-$100K investment – Incubator environment: multiple peers, mentors/advisors• Test Functional Prototype / “Minimum Viable Product” (MVP): – Prototype->Alpha, ~3-6 months – Develop Minimal Critical Feature Set => Get to “It Works! Someone Uses It.” – Improve Design & Usability, Setup Conversion Metrics – Test Small-Scale Customer Adoption (10-1000 users)• Demonstrate Concept, Reduce Product Risk, Test Functional Use• Develop Metrics & Filter for Possible Future Investment
  32. Investment Stage #2: Market Validation + Revenue Testing• Structure – 2-10 person team – $100K-$1M investment – Syndicate of Angel Investors / Small VC Funds• Improve Product, Expand Customers, Test Revenue: – Alpha->Beta, ~6-12 months – Scale Customer Adoption => “Many People Use It, & They Pay.” – Test Marketing Campaigns, Customer Acquisition Channels + Cost – Test Revenue Generation, Find Profitable Customer Segments• Prove Solution/Benefit, Assess Market Size• Test Channel Cost, Revenue Opportunity• Determine Org Structure, Key Hires
  33. Investment Stage #3: Revenue Validation + Growth• Structure – 5-25 person team – $1M-$10M investment – Seed & Venture Investors• Make Money (or Go Big), Get to Sustainability: – Beta->Production, 12-24 months – Revenue / Growth => “We Can Make (a lot of) Money!” – Mktg Plan => Predictable Channels / Campaigns + Budget – Scalability & Infrastructure, Customer Service & Operations – Connect with Distribution Partners, Expand Growth• Prove/Expand Market, Operationalize Business• Future Milestones: Profitable/Sustainable, Exit Options
  34. Startup Incubators Lots of Little Bets. Most FAIL. (but a few succeed :)
  35. Incubator 2.0: Fast, Cheap, FAIL• Incubators = supportive startup ecosystem (+ angels, VCs)• Efficient use of investment capital ($0-100K)• High fail rate (60-80%) => large initial sample size
  36. Incubator 2.0: Education, Collaboration, Iteration• Success based on: – MANY, small experiments – common platforms, customers, problems & solutions – physical proximity, open/collaborative environment – Domain-specific mentors & expertise – fast fail, iteration, metrics & feedback loop• Incremental investment; high-risk, but high-reward
  37. Resources Accelerators Can Provideglobal networks,mentors and stafftraining and spaceportfolio companiesconferences & events 37
  38. Incubator Innovation• Vertically-Focused Incubators: – Facebook: fbFund – Nike: Sensors / Wearables – Rock Health: Digital Healthcare – Digital Media: Turner Media, NY Times• Investing & Partnering with Incubators – Startup Communities, Conferences, Events – Entrepreneurs, Hackers, Mentors – Hackathons, Contests, Demo Days
  39. fbFund REVfbFund REV: Facebook “Social” Incubator: invest in startups, apps, websites based on Facebook platform & Facebook Connect.• 22 startups @ ~$35K each (< $1M total)• 3 month program: Technology, Design, Marketing, Business topics• Success: 8 startups raised $500K –> 5 Series A -> 3 Series B (+ 3 small exits)• Wildfire Interactive acquired by GOOG for $350M (>50X) 
  40. Regional Innovation Rome London Silicon Valley
  41. Regional Innovation• Silicon Valley in 50s: The Secret History• NYC (after 2008 Financial Crisis)• Boulder, CO• Startup Chile• Singapore• …• Osaka?
  42. Government & Legal InnovationBreak DOWN Legal Barriers! Break THRU Bureacracy! Open UP Immigration! Breakthrough Innovation!
  43. Govt / Legal Innovation• Government Incentives for Innovation• Immigration Incentives• Personal Bankruptcy / Public Guarantors?• Startup Visa for Japan?• Tax & Research Credits• Ecosystems & Infrastructure
  44. Thanks • For more info visit: – http://500.co (our company) – http://500hats.com (my blog) – https://angel.co/500-startups-fund-ii (our fund)