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04 bill of_rightsm
04 bill of_rightsm
04 bill of_rightsm
04 bill of_rightsm
04 bill of_rightsm
04 bill of_rightsm
04 bill of_rightsm
04 bill of_rightsm
04 bill of_rightsm
04 bill of_rightsm
04 bill of_rightsm
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04 bill of_rightsm

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Transcript

  • 1. The Bill of Rights Yesterday, Today and Worldwide
  • 2. Klan protests civil rights legislation. Everyone’s speech is protected as long as it doesn’t incite violence.
  • 3. A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed.
  • 4. No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house, without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.
  • 5. • No unreasonable searches and seizures or warrants without probable cause • Warrant must be supported by oath and particularly describe the persons or things to be seized
  • 6. • Must be indicted by grand jury before trial except in military • No double jeopardy • “Plead the 5th ” – don’t have to testify in own case • Can’t be deprived of life, liberty or property without due process • Private property cannot be taken for public use without compensation
  • 7. • In criminal prosecutions, right to speedy and public trial by an impartial jury from the place the crime was committed • Accused must be informed of nature and cause of accusation and may confront all witnesses • Right to assistance of counsel for defense The Stock Solution Photo Network http://www.tssphoto.com/ops_html/E1453.html AP Photo/Nick Ut
  • 8. • Civil cases in excess of $20 also have right to jury trial • No fact tried by a jury may be reexamined but by the common law (court decisions become law – this is why lawyers cite previous cases)
  • 9. • Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, • nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
  • 10. • The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people. • (The Constitution is not a complete list – the people may have other rights not enumerated here.) Former Pentagon employee Linda Tripp was prosecuted for secretly recording conversations with Monica Lewinsky. A right to privacy is not specifically mentioned in the Constitution, but has been protected by the Courts. (see Amendments IV and V)
  • 11. The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.

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