Mesopotamian Civilizations 6.2

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  • 1. Mesopotamian Civilization WH6.2 Students analyze the geographic, political, economic, religious, and social structures of the early civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Kush.
  • 2. Ancient Mesopotamia The Fertile Crescent
  • 3. Where is Mesopotamia?
    • Meso “between” and potamia “rivers”
    • Region between the Tigris and Euphrates
    • Modern day Iraq
  • 4. Why did people settle there?
    • Known as the “fertile crescent”
    • Great farm land
    • Steady supply of fresh water
  • 5. What was the first civilization of Mesopotamia?
    • Sumer
      • Organized into city-states
        • Cities had their own govt. and went to war w/ each other.
      • Religion
        • Believed in many gods (polytheism)
      • Skilled people
        • Wrote in cuneiform on clay tablets
        • Advance science and math
  • 6. Sumerian Culture
  • 7. How did Sumer fall?
    • City- states week, fell to Akkadians from the north.
    • Akkadians form an empire under Sargon.
  • 8. What was Hammurabi’s Code?
    • Hammurabi an Akkadian ruler
      • Earliest know collection of Laws
      • Covered crimes and punishments
  • 9. Who were the Assyrians?
    • Took over 1,000 years after Hammurabi
    • Expert solidiers
    • Ruled from Niniveh (story of Jonah and the whale) to Egypts border and the Persian gulf.
    • Empire divided into provinces
  • 10. Who were the Chaldeans?
    • Rebelled against Assyrians and win
    • Built own empire
    • King Nebuchadnezzar (mentioned in story of Daniel in the Bible)
      • Builds Babylon
      • Hanging Garden (Wonder of the Ancient world)
    • Eventually falls to Persians