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Mesopotamian Civilizations 6.2
 

Mesopotamian Civilizations 6.2

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    Mesopotamian Civilizations 6.2 Mesopotamian Civilizations 6.2 Presentation Transcript

    • Mesopotamian Civilization WH6.2 Students analyze the geographic, political, economic, religious, and social structures of the early civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Kush.
    • Ancient Mesopotamia The Fertile Crescent
    • Where is Mesopotamia?
      • Meso “between” and potamia “rivers”
      • Region between the Tigris and Euphrates
      • Modern day Iraq
    • Why did people settle there?
      • Known as the “fertile crescent”
      • Great farm land
      • Steady supply of fresh water
    • What was the first civilization of Mesopotamia?
      • Sumer
        • Organized into city-states
          • Cities had their own govt. and went to war w/ each other.
        • Religion
          • Believed in many gods (polytheism)
        • Skilled people
          • Wrote in cuneiform on clay tablets
          • Advance science and math
    • Sumerian Culture
    • How did Sumer fall?
      • City- states week, fell to Akkadians from the north.
      • Akkadians form an empire under Sargon.
    • What was Hammurabi’s Code?
      • Hammurabi an Akkadian ruler
        • Earliest know collection of Laws
        • Covered crimes and punishments
    • Who were the Assyrians?
      • Took over 1,000 years after Hammurabi
      • Expert solidiers
      • Ruled from Niniveh (story of Jonah and the whale) to Egypts border and the Persian gulf.
      • Empire divided into provinces
    • Who were the Chaldeans?
      • Rebelled against Assyrians and win
      • Built own empire
      • King Nebuchadnezzar (mentioned in story of Daniel in the Bible)
        • Builds Babylon
        • Hanging Garden (Wonder of the Ancient world)
      • Eventually falls to Persians