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Critical studies of digital health


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Presentation providing an overview of digital health and outlining a research agenda for a critical approach.

Presentation providing an overview of digital health and outlining a research agenda for a critical approach.

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  • 1. CRITICAL STUDIES OF DIGITAL HEALTH: ARESEARCH AGENDA Deborah Lupton, Department of Sociology and Social Policy, University of Sydney
  • 2. Web 1.0 • one-way website use, little user content creation, landline internet connections, desktop and laptop computers Web 2.0 • user-created content or commentary, social networking sites, ubiquitous computing, mobile devices, media convergence Web 3.0 • interconnected 'smart objects' that can communicate with each other, producing a single interlinked database From Web 1.0 to Web 3.0
  • 3. What is digital health? • using Web 2.0 platforms -- Facebook, YouTube, Twitter, PatientsLikeMe, online news, blogs and wikis • now moving towards Web 3.0 – the body as ‘node in the Internet of Things’ • mobile wireless and wearable computer technologies • embedded sensors in technologies • digital data collection on individuals and populations (‘big data’) • digitised medical records
  • 4. What is digital health? eHealth mHealth Health 2.0 Medicine 2.0 digital health
  • 5. Digital health includes telemedicine/telecare public health surveillance personalised medicine/patient engagement health and medical platforms + websites health promotion strategies self-tracking (the quantified self)
  • 6. iHealth digital blood pressure monitor
  • 7. Health vital monitoring patch (heart rate, respiration rate, fall detection, stress, skin temperature, activity, calories burnt, body posture)
  • 8. Sleep Shirt containing sensors to measure movement for sleep apnoea detection
  • 9. Bodymetric trackers to ‘quantify the self”
  • 10. Google Glass used in medicine and public health
  • 11. critical digital health science and technology studies social science of medicine/public health surveillance studies media, cultural and communication studies the arts and design
  • 12. Research questions • How do the news media cover digital health topics? • What websites, platforms and apps are valued for health- related information or patient support? • What kinds of content are created and shared by lay people via social media platforms? • What do corporate social platforms do with this content?
  • 13. Research questions • In the face of techno-utopia, what are the lived experiences of people using digital health technologies? • Who to trust in the digital media world?
  • 14. Research questions • How are concepts of ‘health’ and ‘the body’ shaped through digital technology use? • How are healthcare providers using digital technologies? • How are professionals in health promotion and public health using digital technologies?
  • 15. Research questions • What are the political dimensions and power relations inherent in the use of these technologies? • How will privacy be defined and experienced in the context of these media? • What are the implications for how people conduct their everyday lives and social relationships?
  • 16. Theoretical perspectives • The cyborg body/post-human body • From the haptic to the optic • Forms of surveillance: panoptic, synoptic, participatory, uberveillance • Data doubles
  • 17. Theoretical perspectives • Domesticating technologies • Prosumption • Technology as performative • The sociocultural dimensions of hardware and software
  • 18. More information • ‘Towards a critical sociology of digital health technologies’ (blog post) • ‘Social aspects of digital media and health care’ ( collection)