Should We Be Promoting College for More?: The Past, Present and Future of College Enrollment and Completion in the U.S. California Council for the Social Studies annual conference Friday, March 4, 2011; Sacramento, CA Scholar Session, 9:45-10:45 p.m., Salon 1 David L. Moguel, Associate Professor of Secondary Education, CSU Northridge, Eisner College of Education [email_address]
The state has been de-funding higher education for the past several years.
I need more college graduates that can make higher salaries and pay more taxes, so that when I retire their contributions to Social Security and my pension benefits will ensure that I can continue to live in the lifestyle to which I would like to become accustomed to living in!
Of the cohort that started college in 1996, 34% of those who went to 4-year institutions have graduated within 4 years after start: 38% of Asians, 36% of Whites, 20% of Blacks, and 23% of Hispanics. (Digest, Table 331)
Within 6 years, 55% have graduated, including 63% of Asians, 58% of Whites, 39% of Blacks, and 46% of Hispanics. (Digest, Table 331)
College completion graphic: Our economy has changed such that a college degree is what a high school degree was 50 years ago.
“ Ha rvard Report Questions Value of ‘College for All,’” in Education Week, published on-line February 2, 2011, appearing in February 28, 2011 issue
The finding of two professors at the Harvard Graduate School of Education:
By concentrating too much on classroom-based academics with four-year college as a goal, the nation’s education system has failed vast numbers of students who instead need solid preparation for careers requiring less than a bachelor’s degree.
The wealthy send their children to elite private schools with a school-wide college-bound ethic.
College is and can be for everyone -- a liberal arts education is fundamentally about reading the same things in common with other people, discussing and writing about the reading, and engaging in a set of ideas larger than oneself.
Whether they are Harvard professors or school teachers, how can college-educated people declare that college is good for their own children, but not good for many other people’s children?
If a secondary school student is not college-bound, the person has little reason to pay attention in class, study at home, and work hard to get a good grade in your class.
If more students had the right information -- it is affordable, there are many different kinds of institutions, it is fun, it leads to higher incomes and less unemployment -- more would choose to go to college.
Going to college is based less on intelligence, intellectual capacity, race, or culture than on INFORMATION. College-educated parents know what information to give their children and to start talking about it from infancy.