Tips on Conducting Interviews

  • 815 views
Uploaded on

In our information-hungry age, good interview skills are a must, no matter the profession. These tips relate to interview tactics essential for journalists, but they work well for anyone in the …

In our information-hungry age, good interview skills are a must, no matter the profession. These tips relate to interview tactics essential for journalists, but they work well for anyone in the business of gathering information.

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
815
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2

Actions

Shares
Downloads
52
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n

Transcript

  • 1. Tips on Conducting Interviews David Sheets, St. Louis Chapter, Society of Professional Journalists;content editor, St. Louis Post-Dispatch / STLtoday.com
  • 2. Good interviews startwith one essential piece of equipment:
  • 3. Good interviews startwith one essential piece of equipment:That thing between your ears
  • 4. Make arrangements
  • 5. Make arrangements• Set up the interview
  • 6. Make arrangements• Set up the interview• Introduce yourself: Say who you are, and give the name of your publication
  • 7. Make arrangements• Set up the interview• Introduce yourself: Say who you are, and give the name of your publication• Give a reason for the interview
  • 8. Make arrangements• Set up the interview• Introduce yourself: Say who you are, and give the name of your publication• Give a reason for the interview• Explain the focus of story
  • 9. Prepare, carefully
  • 10. Prepare, carefully• Do research, if only to sound intelligent
  • 11. Prepare, carefully• Do research, if only to sound intelligent• Read information in print and online
  • 12. Prepare, carefully• Do research, if only to sound intelligent• Read information in print and online• Visit libraries, government agencies
  • 13. Prepare, carefully• Do research, if only to sound intelligent• Read information in print and online• Visit libraries, government agencies• Write down your questions as a guide
  • 14. Prepare, carefully• Do research, if only to sound intelligent• Read information in print and online• Visit libraries, government agencies• Write down your questions as a guide• Take a voice recorder; ask permission to use it
  • 15. Prepare, carefully• Do research, if only to sound intelligent• Read information in print and online• Visit libraries, government agencies• Write down your questions as a guide• Take a voice recorder; ask permission to use it• Take paper, pen (voice recorders break)
  • 16. Break the ice
  • 17. Break the ice• Start off with a friendly greeting
  • 18. Break the ice• Start off with a friendly greeting• Remind the interview subject who your are, why you’re there
  • 19. Break the ice• Start off with a friendly greeting• Remind the interview subject who your are, why you’re there• Say thank you again for making time for the interview
  • 20. Break the ice• Start off with a friendly greeting• Remind the interview subject who your are, why you’re there• Say thank you again for making time for the interview• Casual conversation, or offer a compliment(house, office, clothing, job,
  • 21. Keep questions short
  • 22. Keep questions short• Speak clearly, use complete sentences
  • 23. Keep questions short• Speak clearly, use complete sentences• Allow plenty of time for responses
  • 24. Keep questions short• Speak clearly, use complete sentences• Allow plenty of time for responses• Listen carefully
  • 25. Keep questions short• Speak clearly, use complete sentences• Allow plenty of time for responses• Listen carefully• Repeat the question / answer, if necessary
  • 26. Keep questions short• Speak clearly, use complete sentences• Allow plenty of time for responses• Listen carefully• Repeat the question / answer, if necessary• If conversation wanders, gently guide it back on track (“That’s interesting, but ...”)
  • 27. Keep questions short• Speak clearly, use complete sentences• Allow plenty of time for responses• Listen carefully• Repeat the question / answer, if necessary• If conversation wanders, gently guide it back on track (“That’s interesting, but ...”)• Be patient
  • 28. Don’t try to sound smarter than you are. Be honest about yourselfand your limited knowledge
  • 29. State right up front what you don’t know. People always want toshow off their expertise
  • 30. Be specific
  • 31. Be specific• Avoid questions that lead to “yes” or “no” answers: Wrong: Do you know the way to Topeka? Correct: I know Topeka is west of here, but I’m not sure of the route. What roads would you suggest taking there?
  • 32. Ask the 5 W’s and H
  • 33. Ask the 5 W’s and H• Who
  • 34. Ask the 5 W’s and H• Who• What
  • 35. Ask the 5 W’s and H• Who• What• When
  • 36. Ask the 5 W’s and H• Who• What• When• Where
  • 37. Ask the 5 W’s and H• Who• What• When• Where• Why
  • 38. Ask the 5 W’s and H• Who• What• When• Where• Why• How
  • 39. Ask the 5 W’s and H• Who• What• When• Where• Why• How• Who cares? / So what?
  • 40. Ask about specifics
  • 41. Ask about specifics• How many?
  • 42. Ask about specifics• How many?• What color?
  • 43. Ask about specifics• How many?• What color?• How tall?
  • 44. Ask about specifics• How many?• What color?• How tall?• Pay attention to the surroundings: Photos, trophies, wall hangings, furniture ... everything around you can be a source of conversation
  • 45. Never be defensive
  • 46. Never be defensive Don’t try to prove you’re right and the interview subject is wrong.The point is to gain information; defensive behavior only makes people non-talkative
  • 47. Always be politeAlways be gracious
  • 48. Always be polite Even if they’re notAlways be gracious
  • 49. Always be polite Even if they’re not Always be gracious If you sense the interview subject is growinguncomfortable with the questions, back off a little
  • 50. Say “thank you” again at the end of the interview
  • 51. Say “thank you” again at the end of the interview Leave contact informationas a courtesy; your interview subject may have more to say later
  • 52. In conclusion, always remember one thing:
  • 53. In conclusion, always remember one thing:There are no stupid questions, only stupid answers
  • 54. Tips on Conducting Interviews David Sheets Phone: 314-971-0073 Email: dsheets@post-dispatch.com Facebook: david.sheets Twitter: @DKSheets