Eblip7 keynote pdf


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July 16, 2013 - Opening Keynote of the 7th International Evidence Based Library and Information Practice Conference - Saskatoon, SK, Canada.

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Eblip7 keynote pdf

  1. 1. What we talk about when we talk about evidence Denise Koufogiannakis University of Alberta 7th International EBLIP Conference July 16, 2013 | Saskatoon, SK, Canada
  2. 2. July 16, 1993
  3. 3. “the available body of facts or information indicating whether a belief or proposition is true or valid” (Oxford Dictionary, 2011)
  4. 4. Properties of evidence • Relevance • Credibility • Weight (Schrum, 2011)
  5. 5. How Academic Librarians use Evidence in their Decision Making: Reconsidering the Evidence Based Practice Model Department of Information Studies Aberystwyth University, UK 2013
  6. 6. “an approach to information science that promotes the collection, interpretation and integration of valid, important and applicable user-reported, librarian observed, and research-derived evidence. The best available evidence, moderated by user needs and preferences, is applied to improve the quality of professional judgements” (Booth, 2000) EBLIP
  7. 7. What is evidence in LIS?
  8. 8. “I’m clueless how to speak evidence” (Librarian 13)
  9. 9. Evidence sources Hard evidence Soft evidence Published literature Input from colleagues Statistics Tacit knowledge Local research and evaluation Feedback from users Other documents Anecdotal evidence Facts Koufogiannakis, 2012
  10. 10. Evidence in LIS can come from many sources
  11. 11. EBLIP is about using evidence and figuring out what is the best evidence in your environment.
  12. 12. EBLIP’s focus to date has been on research evidence and how to read/understand research better. This has been a good thing; but does not provide a complete picture.
  13. 13. Practitioners would be better served by a greater understanding of the best types of evidence to use in particular situations. How do we weigh different evidence sources?
  14. 14. how do librarians use evidence?
  15. 15. 5A’s of evidence based practice (Hayward, 2007, http://www.cche.net/info.asp)
  16. 16. How academic librarians make decisions
  17. 17. Academic librarians use evidence for convincing
  18. 18. Confirming
  19. 19. I tend to use that [the literature] as confirmation for interesting ideas that I read about. (Librarian 16, interview) I just think that way and I feel more confident about what we’re doing if I know that we have – that we’ve tried to collect evidence, we’ve tried to assess what we’re doing and to me it’s just more confidence in going forward with other things. (Librarian 17, interview) I find it interesting when the outcome matches/supports my initial gut reaction and instincts. For me this is one of the ways I test for validity when making decisions, a little private “ah-ha” moment – I can say, with confidence: ‘I knew it, I knew I was right’. If the info collected informs a decision or action different from my initial thought – I chalk it up to experience and put it under the category of: ‘good thing I double checked this’. (Librarian 6, diary)
  20. 20. Influencing
  21. 21. "evidence is used as a weapon" Partridge, Edwards, & Thorpe (2008 & 2010)
  22. 22. Where the group setting makes a difference, I think, is that depending upon whether or not I’m a champion for a particular project, I may present, you know - I may frame the evidence in a way that I think would speak to the needs of the people in the group. (Librarian 2, interview) I think you have to be very strategic because you have to recognise what the other person’s concerns are in order to address them and that’s the strategic part; and also being able to address the mandates of the library and all those other conflicts, right? (Librarian 5, interview) I will have to sell this to the University Librarian. (Librarian 18, diary)
  23. 23. The concept of convincing Koufogiannakis, 2013
  24. 24. Importance of the work environment
  25. 25. Shifting the current EBLIP paradigm
  26. 26. So, what what are we talking about with respect to evidence in LIS?
  27. 27. 1. we are not health care professionals 2. we have unique types of evidence 3. we rarely act alone 4. we almost always act locally 5. we care about what we do and want to influence outcomes 6. we don't know enough about ourselves as decision makers 7. we don't know enough about what are the most important evidence sources to help us!
  28. 28. An amended model (based on Booth, 2009) 1. Articulate – come to an understanding of the problem and articulate it. 2. Assemble – assemble evidence from multiple sources that are most appropriate to the problem at hand. 3. Assess – place the evidence against all components of the wider overarching problem. Assess the evidence for its quantity and quality. 4. Agree – determine the best way forward and if working with a group, try to achieve consensus based on the evidence and organizational goals. 5. Adapt –revisit goals and needs. Reflect on the success of the implementation.
  29. 29. Key questions an EB practitioner should ask themselves What do I already know? What local evidence is available? What does the literature say? What other information do I need to gather? How does the information I have apply to my context? Make a decision What worked? What didn’t? What did I learn?
  30. 30. Bringing the evidence sources together Research Evidence Professional knowledge Local evidence Koufogiannakis, 2012
  31. 31. Practical research we need 1. What are the best evidence sources for specific types of questions? 2. How do we “read” the results of different types of evidence sources?
  32. 32. evidence helps us find answers - we get there by questioning - we get there by testing - we get there by making mistakes
  33. 33. The possibilities are endless The questions are endless. The ideas are endless. EBLIP is a mindset. Discover your possibilities!
  34. 34. Thank you! Denise Koufogiannakis University of Alberta Libraries dak@ualberta.ca Twitter: @dkouf
  35. 35. For more detail (articles are open access): Koufogiannakis, D. (2012). Academic librarians conception and use of evidence sources in practice. Evidence Based Library and Information Practice, 7(4), 5-24. Koufogiannakis, D. (2013). Academic librarians use evidence for convincing: A qualitative study. SAGE Open, 3: 2158244013490708.
  36. 36. References Booth, A. (2000, July). Librarian heal thyself: Evidence based librarianship, useful, practical, desirable? 8th International Congress on Medical Librarianship, London, UK. Booth, A. (2009). EBLIP five-point-zero: Towards a collaborative model of evidence-based practice. Health Information and Libraries Journal, 26(4), 341-344. Hayward, R. S. (2007). Evidence-based information cycle. Centre for Health Evidence. Retrieved 9 Nov. 2011 from http://www.cche.net/info.asp Koufogiannakis, D. (2011). Considering the place of practice-based evidence within evidence based library and information practice (EBLIP). Library & Information Research, 35(111), 41-58. Partridge, H., Edwards, S., & Thorpe, C. (2010). Evidence-based practice : Information professionals’ experience of information literacy in the workplace. In A. Lloyd, & S. Talja (Eds.). Practising information literacy: Bringing theories of learning, practice and information literacy together. Wagga Wagga, NSW: Charles Sturt University. Schrum, D. (2011). Classifying forms and combinations of evidence: Necessary in a science of evidence. In P. Dawid, W. Twining, & M. Vasilaki (Eds.). Evidence, inference and enquiry. (pp. 11-36). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Thorpe, C., Partridge, H., & Edwards, S. L. (2008). Are library and information professionals ready for evidence based practice? Paper presented at the ALIA Biennial Conference: Dreaming08, Alice Springs, Australia. Retrieved 20 Nov 2011 from http://conferences.alia.org.au/alia2008/papers/pdfs/309.pdf
  37. 37. Image credits Slide 1 – cc Eik Perfectanee (Flickr) Slide 2 – cc Jared Tarbell (Flickr) Slide 3 – c Denise Koufogiannakis Slide 4 – cc Texas T’s (Flickr) Slide 5 – cc superdove (Flickr) Slide 7 – a) cc johnwilliamsphd (Flickr); b) cc Super Furry Librarian (Flickr) Slide 8 – cc SusieFoodie (Flickr) Slide 9 – cc gypsy999 (Flickr) Slide 10 – cc lovlibovli (Flickr) Slide 12 – cc Ewa Rozkosz(Flickr) Slide 13 – cc mustharshid (Flickr) Slide 14 – cc CrazyUncleJoe (Flickr) Slide 15 – cc un flaneur (Flickr) Slide 16 – cc Ian McKenzie (Flickr) Slide 17 – cc pennstatenews (Flickr) Slide 19 – cc evil peacock (Flickr) Slide 20 – cc leafbug (Flickr) Slide 21 – cc Rennett Stowe (Flickr) Slide 21 – cc Rennett Stowe (Flickr) Slide 23 – cc overLinedesign (Flickr) Slide 24 – cc grendelkhan (Flickr) Slide 25 – cc overLinedesign (Flickr) Slide 27 – cc Grace Fell (Flickr) Slide 28 – cc Michael @ NW Lens (Flickr) Slide 29 – cc Trader Chris (Flickr) Slide 34 – cc astronomy blog (Flickr) Slide 35 – cc cavale (Flickr) Slide 36 – c Virginia Wilson (Flickr) Slide 37 – c Virginia Wilson (Flickr)