Genesis ch 2, #1, sabbath day, hosts, 2012
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  • (from IVP Bible Background Commentary: Old Testament, Copyright © 2000 by John H. Walton, Victor H. Matthews and Mark W. Chavalas. Published by InterVarsity Press. All rights reserved.)
  • (from Easton's Bible Dictionary, PC Study Bible formatted electronic database Copyright © 2003, 2006 Biblesoft, Inc. All rights reserved.)
  • (from Easton's Bible Dictionary, PC Study Bible formatted electronic database Copyright © 2003, 2006 Biblesoft, Inc. All rights reserved.)
  • (from Easton's Bible Dictionary, PC Study Bible formatted electronic database Copyright © 2003, 2006 Biblesoft, Inc. All rights reserved.)
  • (from Easton's Bible Dictionary, PC Study Bible formatted electronic database Copyright © 2003, 2006 Biblesoft, Inc. All rights reserved.)
  • (from Easton's Bible Dictionary, PC Study Bible formatted electronic database Copyright © 2003, 2006 Biblesoft, Inc. All rights reserved.)
  • (from Easton's Bible Dictionary, PC Study Bible formatted electronic database Copyright © 2003, 2006 Biblesoft, Inc. All rights reserved.)
  • (from Easton's Bible Dictionary, PC Study Bible formatted electronic database Copyright © 2003, 2006 Biblesoft, Inc. All rights reserved.)
  • (from Easton's Bible Dictionary, PC Study Bible formatted electronic database Copyright © 2003, 2006 Biblesoft, Inc. All rights reserved.)
  • (from Easton's Bible Dictionary, PC Study Bible formatted electronic database Copyright © 2003, 2006 Biblesoft, Inc. All rights reserved.)
  • (from Easton's Bible Dictionary, PC Study Bible formatted electronic database Copyright © 2003, 2006 Biblesoft, Inc. All rights reserved.)
  • (from Easton's Bible Dictionary, PC Study Bible formatted electronic database Copyright © 2003, 2006 Biblesoft, Inc. All rights reserved.)
  • (from Easton's Bible Dictionary, PC Study Bible formatted electronic database Copyright © 2003, 2006 Biblesoft, Inc. All rights reserved.)
  • (Biblesoft's New Exhaustive Strong's Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003, 2006 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)
  • In Acts and Facts, May, 2008, pg. 6, Dr. Larry Vardiman, Director of Research at ICR, wrote “Mitochondrial DNA and a Recent Human Origin.”

Transcript

  • 1. Bereshith (In the beginning), Bara (created), Elohim (God)GENESIS 2:1-3
  • 2. GENESIS 2:1-25, PLEASE STAND Gen 2:1-25, Thus the heavens and the earth were completed in all their vast array. A summary overview of chapter 1, the first 6 days.
  • 3. GENESIS 2:1, “ALL THEIR HOSTS” "Genesis 2:1 Thus the heavens and the earth were completed, and all their hosts (tsava) [κόσμος] ." 293 X’s in NAU, only a few are not “Lord/God of hosts” "Exodus 6:26…the LORD said, "Bring out the sons of Israel from the land of Egypt according to their hosts.” "Exodus 7:4…I will lay My hand on Egypt and bring out My hosts, My people the sons of Israel, from the land of Egypt by great judgments." "Exodus 12:17…I brought your hosts out of the land of Egypt… "Exodus 12:41…all the hosts of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt." "Psalm 148:2 Praise Him, all His angels; Praise Him, all His hosts!"
  • 4. GENESIS 2:1, “ALL THEIR HOSTS” "CSB" "divisions" NET "regiments" " NKJ "armies" , LXX δύναμις power NET Notes (Gen 2:1)… Heb "and all the host of them." Here the "host" refers to all the entities and creatures that God created to populate the world.
  • 5. GENESIS 2:1, “ALL THEIR HOSTS (tsava)” <06635> tsaba (838d) Meaning: army, war, warfare Origin: from 6633 Usage: armies(23), army(79), army*(1), battle(1), combat(1), conflict(1), forced to labor(1), hardship(1), host(30), hosts(292), hosts is the army(1), most(1), service(10), struggle(1), trained(1), war(35), warfare(1). Notes: Deu 4:19; Deu 17:3
  • 6. GENESIS 2:1, “ALL THEIR HOSTS” "Deuteronomy 4:19 "And beware not to lift up your eyes to heaven and see the sun and the moon and the stars, all the host of heaven…“ " Deuteronomy 17:3 and has gone and served other gods and worshiped them, or the sun or the moon or any of the heavenly host
  • 7. THE SABBATH DAY Gen 2:2…on the seventh day he [God] rested from all his work.
  • 8. THE SABBATH DAY Genesis 2:1 Israel’s sabbath was not celebrated on certain days of the month and was not linked to the cycles of the moon or to any other cycle of nature; it was simply observed every seventh day. IVP Bible Background Commentary: Old Testament
  • 9. THE SABBATH DAY Ex 20:8-11 "Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy. 9 Six days you shall labor and do all your work, 10 but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the Lord your God. On it you shall not do any work, neither you, nor your son or daughter, nor your manservant or maidservant, nor your animals, nor the alien within your gates. 11 For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but he rested on the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.
  • 10. THE SABBATH DAY Ex 20:8 "Remember the Sabbath day…[?] Don’t forget what I’m about to tell you about the 7th. Day Or remember something you already know about from Gen. 2:2, &; Gen 4:3 In the course of time [Sabbath?]Cain brought [to a specified place & time?] some of the fruits of the soil as an offering to the Lord.
  • 11. THE SABBATH DAY Ex 20:8 "Remember the Sabbath day… This word is only used 134 X’s in the NIV First used in Ex. 16:23
  • 12. THE SABBATH DAY, A FEW IMPORTANT VERSES Matt 12:11…."If any of you has a sheep and it falls into a pit on the Sabbath, will you not take hold of it and lift it out? Matt 24:20 Pray that your flight will not take place in winter or on the Sabbath. Mark 2:27 Then he said to them, "The Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath. 28 So the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath." Acts 1:12 Then they returned to Jerusalem from the hill called the Mount of Olives, a Sabbath days walk from the city. Col 2:16 Therefore do not let anyone judge you by what you eat or drink, or with regard to a religious festival, a New Moon celebration or a Sabbath day.
  • 13. THE SABBATH DAY Rom 14:5-10 One man considers one day more sacred than another; another man considers every day alike. Each one should be fully convinced in his own mind. 6 He who regards one day as special, does so to the Lord. He who eats meat, eats to the Lord, for he gives thanks to God; and he who abstains, does so to the Lord and gives thanks to God. 7 For none of us lives to himself alone and none of us dies to himself alone. 8 If we live, we live to the Lord; and if we die, we die to the Lord. So, whether we live or die, we belong to the Lord. 9 For this very reason, Christ died and returned to life so that he might be the Lord of both the dead and the living.
  • 14. THE SABBATH DAY Rom 14:5-10 This would have been an ideal place for Paul and God to lay down all the rules and regulations for the New Covenant Sabbath if there was one.
  • 15. THE SABBATH, F. W. ROBERTSON The Sabbath, originally instituted for man at his creation, is of permanent and universal obligation. The physical necessities of man require a Sabbath of rest. He is so constituted that his bodily welfare needs at least one day in seven for rest from ordinary labour. Experience also proves that the moral and spiritual necessities of men also demand a Sabbath of rest. "I am more and more sure by experience that the reason for the observance of the Sabbath lies deep in the everlasting necessities of human nature, and that as long as man is man the blessedness of keeping it, not as a day of rest only, but as a day of spiritual rest, will never be annulled. I certainly do feel by experience the eternal obligation, because of the eternal necessity, of the Sabbath. The soul withers without it. It thrives in proportion to its observance. The Sabbath was made for man. God made it for men in a certain spiritual state because they needed it. The need, therefore, is deeply hidden in human nature. He who can dispense with it must be holy and spiritual indeed. And he who, still unholy and unspiritual, would yet dispense with it is a man that would fain be wiser than his Maker" (F. W. Robertson).
  • 16. SABBATH IN ARCHEOLOGY The ancient Babylonian calendar, as seen from recently recovered inscriptions on the bricks among the ruins of the royal palace, was based on the division of time into weeks of seven days. The Sabbath is in these inscriptions designated Sabattu, and defined as "a day of rest for the heart" and "a day of completion of labour.” Eastons Bible Dictionary “A day of completion of labour” Do you feel a sense of accomplishment on Saturday night & look forward to Sunday?
  • 17. SABBATH IN ARCHEOLOGY Archeology shows a 7 day week with the Sabbath as "a day of rest .”
  • 18. IS THE SABBATH SUNDAY? The change of the day. Originally at creation the seventh day of the week was set apart and consecrated as the Sabbath. The first day of the week is now observed as the Sabbath. Has God authorized this change? There is an obvious distinction between the Sabbath as an institution and the particular day set apart for its observance. The question, therefore, as to the change of the day in no way affects the perpetual obligation of the Sabbath as an institution. Change of the day or no change, the Sabbath remains as a sacred institution the same. It cannot be abrogated. If any change of the day has been made, it must have been by Christ or by his authority. Christ has a right to make such a change (Mark 2:23- 28). As Creator, Christ was the original Lord of the Sabbath (John 1:3; Heb 1:10). It was originally a memorial of creation. A work vastly greater than that of creation has now been accomplished by him, the work of redemption. We would naturally expect just such a change as would make the Sabbath a memorial of that greater work. Eastons Bible Dictionary
  • 19. IS THE SABBATH SUNDAY? True, we can give no text authorizing the change in so many words. We have no express law declaring the change. But there are evidences of another kind. We know for a fact that the first day of the week has been observed from apostolic times, and the necessary conclusion is, that it was observed by the apostles and their immediate disciples. This, we may be sure, they never would have done without the permission or the authority of their Lord. After his resurrection, which took place on the first day of the week (Matt 28:1; Mark 16:2; Luke 24:1; John 20:1), we never find Christ meeting with his disciples on the seventh day. But he specially honoured the first day by manifesting himself to them on four separate occasions (Matt 28:9; Luke 24:34,18-33; John 20:19-23). Again, on the next first day of the week, Jesus appeared to his disciples (John 20:26). Eastons Bible Dictionary
  • 20. IS THE SABBATH SUNDAY? Some have calculated that Christs ascension took place on the first day of the week. And there can be no doubt that the descent of the Holy Ghost at Pentecost was on that day (Acts 2:1). Thus Christ appears as instituting a new day to be observed by his people as the Sabbath, a day to be henceforth known amongst them as the "Lords day." The observance of this "Lords day" as the Sabbath was the general custom of the primitive churches, and must have had apostolic sanction (comp. Acts 20:3-7; 1 Cor 16:1,2) and authority, and so the sanction and authority of Jesus Christ. Eastons Bible Dictionary
  • 21. WHY SUNDAY?Thetomb was found empty on Sunday;
  • 22. WHY SUNDAY? Matt 28:1 After the Sabbath, at dawn on the first day of the week, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary went to look at the tomb. Mark 16:2-3 Very early on the first day of the week, just after sunrise, they were on their way to the tomb Luke 24:1-2 On the first day of the week, very early in the morning, the women took the spices they had prepared and went to the tomb.
  • 23. WHY SUNDAY?Jesus repeatedly met with the gathered disciples on Sunday;
  • 24. WHY SUNDAY? Matt 28:9 Suddenly Jesus met them. "Greetings," he said…. Luke 24:36 While they were still talking about this, Jesus himself stood among them and said to them, "Peace be with you." Luke 24:13-16 Now that same day two of them were going to a village called Emmaus…Jesus himself came up and walked along with them… John 20:26 A week later his disciples were in the house again, and Thomas was with them. Though the doors were locked, Jesus came and stood among them and said, "Peace be with you!“ Acts 2:1 When the day of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place.
  • 25. WHY SUNDAY?We repeatedly see the gathered disciples meeting on Sunday;
  • 26. WHY SUNDAY? Acts 20:7 On the first day of the week we came together to break bread. Paul spoke to the people and, because he intended to leave the next day, kept on talking until midnight. 1 Cor 16:1-2 Now about the collection for Gods people: Do what I told the Galatian churches to do. 2 On the first day of every week, each one of you should set aside a sum of money in keeping with his income, saving it up, so that when I come no collections will have to be made.
  • 27. ... THE IMPORTANCE OF SABBATH REST Everybody needs a little rest every so often.
  • 28. GEN 2:2B, GOD RESTED? Gen 2:2…on the seventh day he [God] rested from all his work. Was God tired? God had brought His creating work to completion.
  • 29. GOD RESTED Gen 2:2…he [God] rested from all his work. OT:7673 shabath (shaw-bath); a primitive root; to repose, i.e. desist from exertion; used in many implied relations (causative, figurative or specific): KJV - (cause to, let, make to) cease, celebrate, cause (make) to fail, keep (sabbath), suffer to be lacking, leave, put away (down), (make to) rest, rid, still, take away.
  • 30. A SABBATH — REST FOR THE PEOPLE OF GOD Heb 4:8-11 For if Joshua had given them rest, God would not have spoken later about another day. 9 There remains, then, a Sabbath — rest for the people of God; 10 for anyone who enters Gods rest also rests from his own work, just as God did from his. 11 Let us, therefore, make every effort to enter that rest, so that no one will fall by following their example of disobedience.
  • 31. A SABBATH — REST FOR THE PEOPLE OF GOD Heb 4:8-11 This would be another ideal place for God to lay down all the rules and regulations for the New Covenant Sabbath. We didn’t find them in Rom 14:5-10, or here, so where will we find them? Not anywhere in the N.T., but you will find it in the teachings of many N.T. Bible teachers.
  • 32. THE LORD BLESSED THE SABBATH DAY The Lord would not have blessed the Sabbath day unless it was completed. Gen 2:3…because on it he rested [past tense, not present, “He is resting”, Hebrew perfect tense] from all the work of creating that he had done.
  • 33. Syntax is all the money collected at church from sinners.IN CONCLUSION
  • 34. THE END Its not the ship in the water but the water in the ship that sinks it. So its not the Christian in the world but the world in the Christian that constitutes the danger. John Wilbur Chapman
  • 35. ACTS AND FACTS, DR. LARRY VARDIMAN “Mitochondrial DNA and a Recent Human Origin.” A team of scientists that includes Dr. Daniel Criswell of ICR has …completed a study of mitochondrial DNA …presenting…International Conference on Creationism… the mitochondrion has its own small DNA molecule and this DNA is passed down from mother to child. The study has revealed an unexpected lack of diversity within worldwide human mitochondrial lineages, despite high mutation rates, and this supports the idea that humanity is only a few thousand years old. …it contains several interesting tenets: 1) there was a single dispersal of mankind with three main mitochondrial lineages interspersed within clans; 2) the dispersion was centered in the Middle East in the recent past; 3) the dispersion was essentially tribal in nature, with small groups pushing into previously uninhabited territory; and 4) genetic evidence indicates that male lineages are much more geographically specific than female lineages, with female migration rates up to eight times greater than males. This latter tenet is an expression of the Babel account in Genesis, where the initial, well-mixed population split up and migrated
  • 36. ACTS AND FACTS In Acts and Facts, May, 2008, pg. 6, Dr. Larry Vardiman, Director of Research at ICR, wrote “Mitochondrial DNA and a Recent Human Origin.” Mitochondrial DNA and a Recent Human Origin by Larry Vardiman, Ph.D. * A team of scientists that includes Dr. Daniel Criswell of ICR has recently completed a study of mitochondrial DNA and will be presenting its work at this summers International Conference on Creationism. A mitochondrion is a cellular power plant that generates most of the chemical energy the cell needs to support its functions. Although most of a cells DNA is contained in the nucleus, the mitochondrion has its own small DNA molecule and this DNA is passed down from mother to child. The study has revealed an unexpected lack of diversity within worldwide human mitochondrial lineages, despite high mutation rates, and this supports the idea that humanity is only a few thousand years old. Mitochondrial DNA has been used to develop several models of human