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South East Asia Opium Survey 2007 Final 10 Oct07
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South East Asia Opium Survey 2007 Final 10 Oct07

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South East Asia Opium Survey 2007

South East Asia Opium Survey 2007

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  • 1. Results of South East Asia Opium Poppy Survey 2007
  • 2. Golden Triangle
    • Lao PDR
    • Myanmar
    • Thailand
  • 3. Survey Counterparts LCDC – Lao National Commission for Drug Control and Supervision Lao PDR (monitored by International staff) CCDAC – Central Committee for Drug Abuse Control Myanmar (monitored by International staff) ONCB – Office of the Narcotics Control Board Thailand
  • 4. Methodologies
    • Laos
    Helicopter survey
  • 5. Methodologies
    • Myanmar
    Ground survey + Satellite imagery Poppy field Poppy field Poppy field village Fallow land Forest
  • 6. Methodologies
    • Thailand
    Helicopter survey + Ground survey and Satellite Imagery
  • 7. Opium poppy cultivation in South East Asia - 83 % variation + 22 % variation
  • 8. Cultivation in Laos (hectares) - 40 % variation 2007 1500 Hectares
  • 9. Cultivation in Myanmar (hectares) +29 % variation 2007 27700 Hectares
  • 10. Cultivation in Thailand (hectares) + 31 % variation 2007 205 Hectares
  • 11. Cultivation in Golden Triangle (hectares) Legend ( Year )
  • 12. + 46 % variation Opium production in South East Asia
  • 13. Global Opium Poppy Production (metric tons) Golden Triangle 5.3% of Global production
  • 14. Production in Laos (metric tons) - 54 % variation 2007 From 20 to 9.2 Metric Tons
  • 15. Production in Myanmar (metric tons) + 46 % variation 2007 From 315 to 460 Metric Tons
  • 16. Production in Thailand (metric tons) + 25 % variation 2007 from 2.4 to 3.2 Metric Tons
  • 17. Production in Golden Triangle (metric tons) Legend ( year )
  • 18. Opium poppy cultivation in Afghanistan & Southeast Asia
  • 19. Eradication in Laos (hectares) 2007 779 Hectares
  • 20. Eradication in Myanmar (hectares) 2007 3598 Hectares
  • 21. Eradication in Thailand (hectares) 2007 220 Hectares
  • 22. Opium Prices (US$/kg) Opium price increases with scarcity of opium production
  • 23. Households involved in Opium Poppy Cultivation
    • Lao PDR n/a n/a
    • Myanmar 163,000 +29%
    • Thailand 1,600 +23%
        • 2007 2006-2007
  • 24. Yearly Income of Opium Poppy Household in Myanmar Total : 501 US$ per year Less than 1 US$ / day / capita 47% from Opium Others
  • 25. Opium Addiction
    • high in areas of opium poppy cultivation
    • increase poverty level
  • 26. Peace and security are a requisite to opium elimination Patch works of different groups in Poppy growing Area Government, Militia, ceasefire and insurgents.
  • 27. Government of Myanmar 15 years Opium Poppy Elimination Plan (1999-2014) Main area opium production, 64% of National cultivation
  • 28. Government of Lao PDR Declared poppy free in February 2006 1100 villages requiring urgent assistances
  • 29.
    • Emergency Rehabilitation and Development
    • Assistance Needed
    Impact of Opium Elimination on Rural Livelihoods in WA Region
  • 30.
    • Expansion of area of upland farmed
    Coping mechanisms after Opium Elimination in WA Region
  • 31.
    • Collection of non-timber forest products (non sustainable)
    Coping mechanisms after Opium Elimination in WA Region
  • 32.
    • Sales of livestock
    Coping mechanisms after Opium Elimination in WA Region
  • 33.
    • Increased workers as unskilled daily wage laborer (lack of opportunities)
    Coping mechanisms after Opium Elimination in WA Region
  • 34.
    • Agricultural diversification
    • (require large and long term investments)
    Coping mechanisms after Opium Elimination in WA Region Rubber plantation Tea plantation
  • 35. Immediate alternative livelihood program is needed to ensure opium elimination and sustainability of opium ban
  • 36. Risk of increase of Opium production in Lao PDR and Myanmar in 2008 without alternative livelihood in place Level of Opium Poppy cultivation monitored end of September 2007 indicates strong increase in South Shan State
  • 37. End

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