An Introduction to a Diverse Science Psychology
What is the definition of Psychology? <ul><li>The scientific study of the normal and abnormal behavior and mental processe...
The scientific study of… <ul><li>Experiments </li></ul><ul><li>Case Studies </li></ul><ul><li>Correlational Studies </li><...
… the normal and abnormal… <ul><li>Just several categories of psychological disorders: </li></ul><ul><li>Anxiety (e.g. OCD...
… behavior and mental processes… <ul><li>Behavior: </li></ul><ul><li>Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Development </li></ul><ul>...
… of human and  non-human animals… <ul><li>Some non-human animals we’ll study: </li></ul>
… in all settings…
… from conception to death.
What are Psychology’s Goals?
<ul><li>Like other sciences, Psychology seeks to… </li></ul><ul><li>D escribe </li></ul><ul><li>E xplain </li></ul><ul><li...
D E P C
<ul><li>Identify  a behavioral phenomenon’s characteristics </li></ul>DESCRIBE behavior & mental processes
<ul><li>Understand  why the behavioral phenomenon occurs Note :  Psychology’s modern perspectives </li></ul>EXPLAIN behavi...
What are the circumstances that can lead to the phenomenon? What might be the consequences of this behavior? PREDICT behav...
Predictable patterns of behavior DO exist! Key Idea:
Examples <ul><li>The Bystander Effect </li></ul><ul><li>The Spacing Effect </li></ul><ul><li>The “Lucifer” Effect </li></u...
<ul><li>Reduce/Enhance  or  Change  a behavior or mental process </li></ul>CONTROL behavior & mental processes
Senioritis In-Class Exercise:
Answer the following questions with your group: <ul><li>Describe :  What are the major behaviors & mental processes of sen...
Answer the following questions with your group: <ul><li>Predict :  When will it happen?  What will happen? </li></ul><ul><...
What do Psychologists DO? <ul><li>1)Engage in research  ( Pure or applied ) </li></ul><ul><li>Pure(Basic)  = no immediate ...
Pure Research to Applied Research:  The “Skinner Box”
What do Psychologists DO? <ul><li>2)  Practice  psychology </li></ul><ul><li>They apply psych.  principles to help others....
What types of behavior do they study? <ul><li>2 types of human and animal behavior: </li></ul><ul><li>Overt  (external & o...
What are the different types of psychologists? <ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Clinical </li></ul><ul><li>Counseling <...
<ul><li>Examples [cont.]: </li></ul><ul><li>6)   Personality </li></ul><ul><li>7)   Social </li></ul><ul><li>8)   Environm...
<ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Human factors </li></ul><ul><li>Consumer </li></ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul><ul><li>Sp...
Note : U.S. Dept. of Labor: Occupational Outlook Handbook , 2010-11 Edition
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An Introduction to a Diverse Science

  1. 1. An Introduction to a Diverse Science Psychology
  2. 2. What is the definition of Psychology? <ul><li>The scientific study of the normal and abnormal behavior and mental processes of human and non-human animals, in all settings, from conception to death. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The scientific study of… <ul><li>Experiments </li></ul><ul><li>Case Studies </li></ul><ul><li>Correlational Studies </li></ul><ul><li>Naturalistic Observations </li></ul><ul><li>Survey research </li></ul>
  4. 4. … the normal and abnormal… <ul><li>Just several categories of psychological disorders: </li></ul><ul><li>Anxiety (e.g. OCD) </li></ul><ul><li>Mood (e.g. Depression) </li></ul><ul><li>Psychotic (e.g. Schizophrenia) </li></ul>
  5. 5. … behavior and mental processes… <ul><li>Behavior: </li></ul><ul><li>Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Development </li></ul><ul><li>Group dynamics </li></ul><ul><li>Obedience </li></ul><ul><li>Conformity </li></ul><ul><li>Mental Processes: </li></ul><ul><li>Memory </li></ul><ul><li>Thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul><ul><li>Sensation </li></ul><ul><li>Perception </li></ul>
  6. 6. … of human and non-human animals… <ul><li>Some non-human animals we’ll study: </li></ul>
  7. 7. … in all settings…
  8. 8. … from conception to death.
  9. 9. What are Psychology’s Goals?
  10. 10. <ul><li>Like other sciences, Psychology seeks to… </li></ul><ul><li>D escribe </li></ul><ul><li>E xplain </li></ul><ul><li>P redict </li></ul><ul><li>C ontrol </li></ul><ul><li>… the events it studies. </li></ul>
  11. 11. D E P C
  12. 12. <ul><li>Identify a behavioral phenomenon’s characteristics </li></ul>DESCRIBE behavior & mental processes
  13. 13. <ul><li>Understand why the behavioral phenomenon occurs Note : Psychology’s modern perspectives </li></ul>EXPLAIN behavior & mental processes
  14. 14. What are the circumstances that can lead to the phenomenon? What might be the consequences of this behavior? PREDICT behavior & mental processes
  15. 15. Predictable patterns of behavior DO exist! Key Idea:
  16. 16. Examples <ul><li>The Bystander Effect </li></ul><ul><li>The Spacing Effect </li></ul><ul><li>The “Lucifer” Effect </li></ul><ul><ul><li>See Zimbardo’s Prison Study </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Reduce/Enhance or Change a behavior or mental process </li></ul>CONTROL behavior & mental processes
  18. 18. Senioritis In-Class Exercise:
  19. 19. Answer the following questions with your group: <ul><li>Describe : What are the major behaviors & mental processes of senioritis? </li></ul><ul><li>Explain : What are the major reasons senioritis occurs? </li></ul>
  20. 20. Answer the following questions with your group: <ul><li>Predict : When will it happen? What will happen? </li></ul><ul><li>Control : What can be done to reduce senioritis? </li></ul>
  21. 21. What do Psychologists DO? <ul><li>1)Engage in research ( Pure or applied ) </li></ul><ul><li>Pure(Basic) = no immediate applications </li></ul><ul><li>Applied = Done to find solutions to problems </li></ul>
  22. 22. Pure Research to Applied Research: The “Skinner Box”
  23. 23. What do Psychologists DO? <ul><li>2) Practice psychology </li></ul><ul><li>They apply psych. principles to help others. </li></ul><ul><li>3) Teach psychology </li></ul><ul><li>Some take part in all 3 </li></ul>
  24. 24. What types of behavior do they study? <ul><li>2 types of human and animal behavior: </li></ul><ul><li>Overt (external & observable) and covert (internal & non-observable) behaviors. </li></ul>
  25. 25. What are the different types of psychologists? <ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Clinical </li></ul><ul><li>Counseling </li></ul><ul><li>School </li></ul><ul><li>Educational </li></ul><ul><li>Developmental </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>Examples [cont.]: </li></ul><ul><li>6) Personality </li></ul><ul><li>7) Social </li></ul><ul><li>8) Environmental </li></ul><ul><li>9) Experimental </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial/Organizational </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Human factors </li></ul><ul><li>Consumer </li></ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul><ul><li>Sports </li></ul><ul><li>Comparative </li></ul>
  28. 28. Note : U.S. Dept. of Labor: Occupational Outlook Handbook , 2010-11 Edition

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