Douglas Kiang
Punahou School

Predicting the classroom of the future, 30 yrs from now, no one will remember what you said ...
1977
So predictions of the future are only useful to the extent that they help us to reexamine the present. Take the class...
Curriculum
Classrooms
Community
Characteristics of the classroom of the future: It should have a flexible and adaptive curr...
What Does the

Curriculum

of


the Future

Look Like?

How do you learn something new? Our answers are different from our...
When my son wanted to learn how to shave, he didn’t look to me to teach him. He turned to the YouTube to learn and found 8...
My daughter decided to make her own Princess Zelda costume for Halloween. This led to a self-taught course in fabrics, pai...
“Stop taking my picture, Dad.”
my daughter in her full gown and my son (clean shaven.)
diy.org
diy.org
The effect of audience on engagement
Different tracks for various skills give an overall context, or map, of how to progress.
Most of these games transcend technology. Technology is the medium for sharing and reaching a global audience. It is not t...
Like DIY for grown-ups. The Maker Revolution is in full swing. Knowledge is constructed together and shared. Physical spac...
How do your students share their work? How open and accessible is your curriculum to being modified, tinkered with, added t...
Many years ago a military patrol was caught in a blizzard in the Swiss Alps.
They were lost and frightened, but one of them found a map in his pocket. After consulting it, they built a shelter, plann...
When the storm cleared a few days later, they made their way back to base camp. Their commanding officer was relieved that ...
One of the soldiers produced the map and he was astonished to see that it was a map of the Pyrenees, not the Alps.
It gave them confidence. It gave them an impetus to get moving — direction is sometimes more important than detail. The map...
What Does the


Curriculum of


the Future

Look Like?

How do you leverage kids’ ability to DIY? Involve them in creating...
_Welcome to AP
Computer Science _
that one day in May.
means lots of this...!
primary form of assessment
http://www.flickr.com/photos/40964293@N07/4728093020
Challenge-Based Learning

Evaluate

Big Idea

Ong
o
Ass ing Inf
essm orm
ative
ent

Essenti
al !
Questio
n

Challenge

Imp...
Challenge

Create an iPhone app that 

solves a problem or fills a need.

and we wanted to model what we do after what happ...
What happens in a meeting?
What I asked myself…

http://www.flickr.com/photos/62223880@N00/242264410

What if my course ran...
e

Talk to
er
ach oth

Share data

lve
Help so
s
problem

Plan and
coordinate
Draw
s
picture

Ask
questions

Show work

yo...
http://www.flickr.com/photos/48805491@N00/3206216434

...not this.
About the only thing we didn’t see was this. My classes ...
Old

Some stuff we took from industry. Lists of deadlines…
New

became a Gantt Chart.
What’s the difference
between a cook and a chef?

Marco Torres poses this question.
Cook
Cook

(really a cook)
Prepackaged, predone, premade. The value is in repeatability, its predictability. Not novelty. Not t...
Are you a cook, or a chef? Are we making cooks, or chefs?
Are you giving kids a recipe? Or are you giving them room to improvise?
Tra

I want to train cooks. And train chefs.

ooks
in c

Create chefs
School athletes did an app about something they knew a lot about: rehabbing from injuries.
“Back in Action”
app video shoot

Had to master skills not just of coding, but of directing, planning, scheduling. These a...
“Back in Action”
app video shoot

Direct a model who could do the poses and handle the shoot in a sensitive, professional,...
Developer Day
We brought in experts from the local community and administrators throughout the school to test the apps and...
Developer Day
It was also a celebration of the collaboration between our students and developers, graphic artists, and tea...
Technology is most effective when it enhances and facilitates connection. When we are one pinpoint in a network, not an
is...
Technology is most effective when it enhances and facilitates connection. When we are one pinpoint in a network, not an is...
One student worked with a parent to create an app for autistic kids to learn how to count. She developed it for her kid bu...
Challenge

Get everybody to master
the AP Java subset.

What does this framework look like when applied to studying for th...
So… what happened on that one day in May?
The Switch
Students collaborated more
Competition was minimized
AP Exam was marginalized
Achievement gap widened
http://ww...
Curriculum of the Future
Create chefs.

Give
them a
map.

Involve the
community.

Build
something
that matters.

In summar...
What Does the


Classroom
Classroom

of


the Future

Look Like?

http://www.flickr.com/photos/51035555243@N01/10504646224
...
Where do you feel
most creative?
The Coffee Bean.
“Lectures exist because humans didn't
scale. Except now they do, thanks to
technology.”!
Arjun Balaji

This has been the c...
The school of the future will be progressive not because it has a spaceship shaped dining hall, but because curriculum and...
What do
companies do?
Entrepreneurial in structure, whimsical in nature!
Innovation and creativity everywhere!
Open forum for ideas!
Empowered e...
Community herb garden in the common area. Employees can pick their own herbs to take home.
Snacks are available for the taking. Shelves are color-coded to indicate their relative healthiness.
A sense of FUN about the Google campus. Incongruous juxtaposition. Examples of public art. What is art’s role in setting t...
Fosters a sense of “play” - volleyball sand courts in middle of complex
Brightly painted Google bikes are placed around campus. People can ride them to a building and leave them outside.
The “mobile meeting” bike seats seven and qualifies as a “mobile collaboration tool”. Adds to a sense of whimsy.
Google newsletters are posted in conspicuous locations -- like this one, above the men’s urinal. News and info that people...
Google has set up a local network shortcut that allows redirects from goto/keyword.
Games and recreation area.
Employees take a much-needed break and go right back to work!
This is the Help Desk, set up like a college café or pizza joint. Notice how the tables allow people with problems to solv...
The Apple Store.
The whiteboard is on a roller that allows the teacher to roll it out of the way when not needed.
Student-created flyers from the Grammar Club addressing some common frustrations.
Urban School has an Artist-in-Residence. She did portraits of all the students at the school without faces, just clothing ...
Students were surprisingly recognizable!
Closeness with nature is part of the school’s core values. Some of the school buildings have grass growing on them.
Design Principles Summary
Purpose

Make the learning commons an
expression of and service to
Punahou’s philosophy of educa...
Challenge

Build your ideal "learning commons."
Think about what you are asked to do
as a student. Then think about what
y...
Each group started with its own island.!
(point out people working)
Flythrough
This looks a lot like the Nueva buildings.
Classrooms of the Future
Empower
individual
voices.

Create
spaces
for play.

Bring the
outside in.
What Does the

Community
Community of


the Future

Look Like?

The community in the classroom is a hybrid, composed of th...
What’s your
fair share?

Community is represented by the whole of the interactions that occur within a group.!
How much do...
Create
shared value
together.

Shared value. Example from Back in Action app. The guys actually got an art student in anot...
Challenge

Create a self-sustaining
community that reinforces trust
among individuals and that
rewards pro-social behavior...
Students also had to come up with their own rules that they thought would allow individuals to live together in community,...
Students also had to come up with their own rules that they thought would allow individuals to live together in community,...
Students also had to come up with their own rules that they thought would allow individuals to live together in community,...
Students also had to come up with their own rules that they thought would allow individuals to live together in community,...
It was raining.
An example of a community farm set up by one student for everyone else’s benefit.
Should it be banned?
YES! No one needs
explosives that powerful.
No! I have the right to
use it responsibly.
BAN THE USER,...
Community of the Future
Create
shared
value
together.

Own your
successes
and your
setbacks.
Create safe
spaces for
failur...
The student-centered classroom doesn’t happen without
Teachers facilitate studentsoup is made.
Without the stranger, no collaboration.
The student-centered classroom doesn’t ha...
Teachers are at the heart of the classroom of the future, even if you are not at the front of the room all the time. Empow...
謝謝

Teachers are at the heart of the classroom of the future, even if you are not at the front of the tool all the time. E...
What Does The Classroom of the Future Look Like?
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What Does The Classroom of the Future Look Like?

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Educators worldwide are looking at diverse models for the future classroom, ranging from the most innovative college and university spaces, to models of industry and dot-com startups. Perhaps more important than what the future learning space looks like, however, is what students are being asked to do to demonstrate their learning. In this talk, catch a glimpse of what a future classroom might look like, in both its curriculum and its physical space.

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What Does The Classroom of the Future Look Like?

  1. 1. Douglas Kiang Punahou School Predicting the classroom of the future, 30 yrs from now, no one will remember what you said in the first place. So you can never be wrong. Funny "21st century classroom". It’s a pretty low bar. It’s the 21st century now. Every classroom is a 21st century classroom. To have the classroom of the future, you don’t have to do anything. You just have to wait it out.
  2. 2. 1977 So predictions of the future are only useful to the extent that they help us to reexamine the present. Take the classroom of the future, and make it the classroom of the present. This is a picture of the school that Punahou was to become. In 1978, envisioned by a child. This captivated my attention, and now thirty years later, I am back, wondering, “Where are the jetpacks?”
  3. 3. Curriculum Classrooms Community Characteristics of the classroom of the future: It should have a flexible and adaptive curriculum. Classrooms and physical spaces should allow robust opportunities for creativity. And finally, it should emphasize relationships and community. Good teachers are an essential part of this equation.
  4. 4. What Does the
 Curriculum of
 the Future
 Look Like? How do you learn something new? Our answers are different from our kids’ answers. I’ll show you how kids are learning today. I’ll show you what I’m doing in my own class.
  5. 5. When my son wanted to learn how to shave, he didn’t look to me to teach him. He turned to the YouTube to learn and found 800,000 dads willing to teach my son how to shave. How did he know how to do this? (Why did he feel he needed to?) I have failed as a parent. I have succeeded as a teacher.
  6. 6. My daughter decided to make her own Princess Zelda costume for Halloween. This led to a self-taught course in fabrics, paint, foam, stencils, and sewing, none of which she knew how to do before.
  7. 7. “Stop taking my picture, Dad.”
  8. 8. my daughter in her full gown and my son (clean shaven.)
  9. 9. diy.org diy.org
  10. 10. The effect of audience on engagement
  11. 11. Different tracks for various skills give an overall context, or map, of how to progress.
  12. 12. Most of these games transcend technology. Technology is the medium for sharing and reaching a global audience. It is not the focus.
  13. 13. Like DIY for grown-ups. The Maker Revolution is in full swing. Knowledge is constructed together and shared. Physical spaces such as elementary school classrooms do this pretty effectively.!
  14. 14. How do your students share their work? How open and accessible is your curriculum to being modified, tinkered with, added to?
  15. 15. Many years ago a military patrol was caught in a blizzard in the Swiss Alps.
  16. 16. They were lost and frightened, but one of them found a map in his pocket. After consulting it, they built a shelter, planned their route, and then waited out the storm.
  17. 17. When the storm cleared a few days later, they made their way back to base camp. Their commanding officer was relieved that they had survived, and asked them how they had managed to find their way out.
  18. 18. One of the soldiers produced the map and he was astonished to see that it was a map of the Pyrenees, not the Alps.
  19. 19. It gave them confidence. It gave them an impetus to get moving — direction is sometimes more important than detail. The map rekindled their awareness of details. A good curriculum does this. Give kids a framework and they will improvise. They’re good at that. School is just a way of giving kids a map to find their way through the world. Sometimes they are trying to find something — a passion, a sense of self — sometimes they are the ones who are lost.
  20. 20. What Does the
 Curriculum of
 the Future
 Look Like? How do you leverage kids’ ability to DIY? Involve them in creating something that’s never been created before. They still need a framework or a map.
  21. 21. _Welcome to AP Computer Science _
  22. 22. that one day in May.
  23. 23. means lots of this...! primary form of assessment http://www.flickr.com/photos/40964293@N07/4728093020
  24. 24. Challenge-Based Learning Evaluate Big Idea Ong o Ass ing Inf essm orm ative ent Essenti al ! Questio n Challenge Implement Solution Ong o and ing Do c Pub lishi umenta ng tion Guiding ! Activities/! Resources Guiding! Questions goi On ng R ion ect efl Challenge-Based Learning provides a framework -- a map -- but leaves flexibility for kids to chart their own route. Room to improvise! More info at challengebasedlearning.org
  25. 25. Challenge Create an iPhone app that 
 solves a problem or fills a need. and we wanted to model what we do after what happens in the real world.
  26. 26. What happens in a meeting? What I asked myself… http://www.flickr.com/photos/62223880@N00/242264410 What if my course ran like a startup?
  27. 27. e Talk to er ach oth Share data lve Help so s problem Plan and coordinate Draw s picture Ask questions Show work you would do all of this in a department meeting
  28. 28. http://www.flickr.com/photos/48805491@N00/3206216434 ...not this. About the only thing we didn’t see was this. My classes should run like meetings, and the work should happen outside. That’s what the laptops are for.
  29. 29. Old Some stuff we took from industry. Lists of deadlines…
  30. 30. New became a Gantt Chart.
  31. 31. What’s the difference between a cook and a chef? Marco Torres poses this question.
  32. 32. Cook
  33. 33. Cook (really a cook) Prepackaged, predone, premade. The value is in repeatability, its predictability. Not novelty. Not that it hasn’t been done before. You don’t want surprises from a cook. In the cafeteria you don’t want the surprise of the day.
  34. 34. Are you a cook, or a chef? Are we making cooks, or chefs?
  35. 35. Are you giving kids a recipe? Or are you giving them room to improvise?
  36. 36. Tra I want to train cooks. And train chefs. ooks in c Create chefs
  37. 37. School athletes did an app about something they knew a lot about: rehabbing from injuries.
  38. 38. “Back in Action” app video shoot Had to master skills not just of coding, but of directing, planning, scheduling. These are the right “21st century skills”.
  39. 39. “Back in Action” app video shoot Direct a model who could do the poses and handle the shoot in a sensitive, professional, way.
  40. 40. Developer Day We brought in experts from the local community and administrators throughout the school to test the apps and give feedback.
  41. 41. Developer Day It was also a celebration of the collaboration between our students and developers, graphic artists, and teachers from the community.
  42. 42. Technology is most effective when it enhances and facilitates connection. When we are one pinpoint in a network, not an island to ourselves.
  43. 43. Technology is most effective when it enhances and facilitates connection. When we are one pinpoint in a network, not an island to ourselves.
  44. 44. One student worked with a parent to create an app for autistic kids to learn how to count. She developed it for her kid but schools across the country are using it. Schools, teachers, parents, therapists, etc that work with kids on the autism spectrum have all purchased the app and are awaiting more!
  45. 45. Challenge Get everybody to master the AP Java subset. What does this framework look like when applied to studying for the AP exam? This changed the dynamic significantly. We succeed when EVERYBODY succeeds. That means we all need to know our strengths and weaknesses.
  46. 46. So… what happened on that one day in May?
  47. 47. The Switch Students collaborated more Competition was minimized AP Exam was marginalized Achievement gap widened http://www.flickr.com/photos/48393303@N00/315335738 Student felt that he didn’t need to do well on the AP exam since he already knew he could program.
  48. 48. Curriculum of the Future Create chefs. Give them a map. Involve the community. Build something that matters. In summary, give kids a map that leaves freedom to improvise. It’s like giving them a recipe that they can work off of but add to.
  49. 49. What Does the
 Classroom Classroom of
 the Future
 Look Like? http://www.flickr.com/photos/51035555243@N01/10504646224 What kinds of physical structures can we design to support kids’ learning at their own pace? I’ll give you some examples, both from real life, and from kids themselves.
  50. 50. Where do you feel most creative?
  51. 51. The Coffee Bean.
  52. 52. “Lectures exist because humans didn't scale. Except now they do, thanks to technology.”! Arjun Balaji This has been the classroom of the future for a very long time. If we don’t do anything, the classroom of the future will look like this. Technology has changed, so the way we teach has to change.
  53. 53. The school of the future will be progressive not because it has a spaceship shaped dining hall, but because curriculum and the relationships and the ways that kids think will be different. Online schools don’t use classrooms. The notion of physical space is different.!
  54. 54. What do companies do?
  55. 55. Entrepreneurial in structure, whimsical in nature! Innovation and creativity everywhere! Open forum for ideas! Empowered employees! Lots of free food
  56. 56. Community herb garden in the common area. Employees can pick their own herbs to take home.
  57. 57. Snacks are available for the taking. Shelves are color-coded to indicate their relative healthiness.
  58. 58. A sense of FUN about the Google campus. Incongruous juxtaposition. Examples of public art. What is art’s role in setting the tone for the learning environment?
  59. 59. Fosters a sense of “play” - volleyball sand courts in middle of complex
  60. 60. Brightly painted Google bikes are placed around campus. People can ride them to a building and leave them outside.
  61. 61. The “mobile meeting” bike seats seven and qualifies as a “mobile collaboration tool”. Adds to a sense of whimsy.
  62. 62. Google newsletters are posted in conspicuous locations -- like this one, above the men’s urinal. News and info that people need to know are posted in a nofrills format. Everybody is a node for information. No central newsletter. Surrounded by information, all the time.
  63. 63. Google has set up a local network shortcut that allows redirects from goto/keyword.
  64. 64. Games and recreation area.
  65. 65. Employees take a much-needed break and go right back to work!
  66. 66. This is the Help Desk, set up like a college café or pizza joint. Notice how the tables allow people with problems to solve, to be grouped together while they wait. Sometimes problems are solved before they get to the Help Desk.
  67. 67. The Apple Store.
  68. 68. The whiteboard is on a roller that allows the teacher to roll it out of the way when not needed.
  69. 69. Student-created flyers from the Grammar Club addressing some common frustrations.
  70. 70. Urban School has an Artist-in-Residence. She did portraits of all the students at the school without faces, just clothing and stance.
  71. 71. Students were surprisingly recognizable!
  72. 72. Closeness with nature is part of the school’s core values. Some of the school buildings have grass growing on them.
  73. 73. Design Principles Summary Purpose Make the learning commons an expression of and service to Punahou’s philosophy of education. Use space to celebrate individual learning journeys and weave them into a collective Punahou story. Preserve the learning commons’ capacity to hold space for dreaming. Enable discovery and inquiry in the many forms they take. Strive to make the learning commons integral to Punahou’s schedule and campus. Relationships and Roles Space Celebrate and scaffold the idea of everyone as teachers and learners. Create spaces for the contemplative, collaborative, and casual. Design and staff a hub of support and wisdom that teaches our community how to fish in a sea of possibilities. Design flexible, interactive physical and digital structures that adapt to student needs in real-time. Create guided studios for inventive, experimental making. Build age-appropriate student cafés. Make the learning commons a place where teachers can be present for and contribute to students’ magic learning moments. Provide corners and comforts to build nests. Blend the library with its environment.
  74. 74. Challenge Build your ideal "learning commons." Think about what you are asked to do as a student. Then think about what you want to see in a physical space that supports what you do. I set up a Minecraft server at my school. My students are going to be assigned to embark on mini-quests with other classmates to learn how to trust and problem-solve together. It will also encourage their creativity and encourage visual self-expression.
  75. 75. Each group started with its own island.! (point out people working)
  76. 76. Flythrough
  77. 77. This looks a lot like the Nueva buildings.
  78. 78. Classrooms of the Future Empower individual voices. Create spaces for play. Bring the outside in.
  79. 79. What Does the
 Community Community of
 the Future
 Look Like? The community in the classroom is a hybrid, composed of the face-to-face time and the online presence of your course. GOA Experience, community, relationships, negotiating for understanding
  80. 80. What’s your fair share? Community is represented by the whole of the interactions that occur within a group.! How much do you depend on others? How much do they depend on you?! Not a zero sum game
  81. 81. Create shared value together. Shared value. Example from Back in Action app. The guys actually got an art student in another class to design their icon. She was thrilled that her artwork would be featured in the App Store, and they were relieved that they didn’t have to draw one themselves. Teaching is a negotiation. We are negotiating knowledge all the time. We can create value together.
  82. 82. Challenge Create a self-sustaining community that reinforces trust among individuals and that rewards pro-social behavior. I set up a Minecraft server at my school. My students are going to be assigned to embark on mini-quests with other classmates to learn how to trust and problem-solve together. It will also encourage their creativity and encourage visual self-expression.
  83. 83. Students also had to come up with their own rules that they thought would allow individuals to live together in community, respect each other, and minimize conflict.
  84. 84. Students also had to come up with their own rules that they thought would allow individuals to live together in community, respect each other, and minimize conflict.
  85. 85. Students also had to come up with their own rules that they thought would allow individuals to live together in community, respect each other, and minimize conflict.
  86. 86. Students also had to come up with their own rules that they thought would allow individuals to live together in community, respect each other, and minimize conflict.
  87. 87. It was raining.
  88. 88. An example of a community farm set up by one student for everyone else’s benefit.
  89. 89. Should it be banned? YES! No one needs explosives that powerful. No! I have the right to use it responsibly. BAN THE USER, NOT THE MATERIAL!!!!!!!!! In a supportive community with trust, failure is minimized. We as a community need to own our successes and our setbacks.
  90. 90. Community of the Future Create shared value together. Own your successes and your setbacks. Create safe spaces for failure.
  91. 91. The student-centered classroom doesn’t happen without
  92. 92. Teachers facilitate studentsoup is made. Without the stranger, no collaboration. The student-centered classroom doesn’t happen without the teacher!
  93. 93. Teachers are at the heart of the classroom of the future, even if you are not at the front of the room all the time. Empower the individuals in your class. Build a sense of community. Provide the stone and the map. Let’s take the best parts of the classroom of the future and make them the classroom of the present.
  94. 94. 謝謝 Teachers are at the heart of the classroom of the future, even if you are not at the front of the tool all the time. Empower the individuals in your class. Build a sense of community. Provide the stone and the map.

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