Preparing a New Generation of Students for the 21st Century: Digital Learning & Literacy in the Mid-School Subject AreasRe...
4                     Acknowledgements                                                    Literacy & Technology Seminar   ...
Acknowledgements         http://www.sagepub.com/journals/Journal202049                                                    ...
Resources                           “From Print to Pixels”                          http://www.guilford.com/              ...
Millennial Quiz            http://www.slideshare.net/dkhartman              http://pewresearch.org/millennials/quiz/      ...
Where We Are Today:                    Literacy in 2011                         Part 1                                    ...
What We Know     Kindergartner Reading Online        http://en.childrenslibrary.org/   19   What We Know     Kindergartner...
What We Know  Undergraduate Reading & Writing Online            http://www.twurdy.com/         22     What We Know  Underg...
How Literacy is Changing                 The purposes & audiences are changing                                            ...
How Literacy is Changing                              The habits & dispositions are changing                              ...
How Literacy is Changing                                             The pedagogies are changing               Reciprocal ...
How Literacy is Changing                                                                                The definitions and...
373839
404142
434445
46                                                                                                                        ...
Where We Are TodayChanging ...     • Definitions & Standards      • Tools                            Reading Offline        ...
Neighbor Conversation                           Task•Turn to neighbor and share:•- “1-2 opportunities I see in today’s lit...
Opportunities                  (& Challenges)             “theory of action”                                              ...
Opportunities                                   (& Challenges)              To Accelerate Student Learning ...• Build Back...
Opportunities                                                                      (& Challenges)                         ...
Opportunities                     (& Challenges)              Build Background Knowledge•Think: What background knowledge ...
Opportunities                              (& Challenges)                              Build Vocabulary Knowledge         ...
Website     (Dictionary.com)                              70   Widget  (Dashboard Dictionary)                             ...
Browser              (Safari Dictionary)                                                    73                    OS      ...
Opportunities                   (& Challenges)                     Build Vocabulary Knowledge     •Think: What vocabulary ...
Opportunities                     (& Challenges)                Build Motivation & Interest                         rock c...
Opportunities                         (& Challenges)    Enhance Strategy Instruction       http://sites.google.com/site/di...
Opportunities                 (& Challenges)               Enhance Strategy Instruction Other Screen Capture Software•http...
Opportunities                      (& Challenges)                 Enhance Strategy Instruction                        a2 +...
Opportunities                    (& Challenges)              Develop Critical Evaluation•Use technology to develop critica...
Opportunities                        (& Challenges)                        Develop Critical EvaluationEvaluating Middle Sc...
Opportunities                       (& Challenges)                       Student Results                         High     ...
Opportunities                    (& Challenges)               Provide Scaffolded Texts•Use technology to provide scaffolde...
Opportunities                     (& Challenges)                 Provide Scaffolded Texts•Think: Will the scaffolded text ...
Opportunities                          (& Challenges)                 Support Collaborative Learning    http://te250global...
Opportunities                              (& Challenges)           Extend Professional Development•Use technology to exte...
Opportunities                (& Challenges)             Extend Professional Development                                   ...
Opportunities                 (& Challenges)•Access to a vast library of free resources•Multi-modal, multi-media experienc...
New Course DesignsSetting•Preservice teachers in mathematics, science, & English/language arts•2-Year Project•Laptop Initi...
Contrastive Conceptions                           Metaphors    •Science: Bohr’s Principle of Complementarity    •English: ...
O ff l i n e                     Gradual Release of Responsibility                                                        ...
Complementary Strategies      Internet Reciprocal Teaching                                     127Complementary Strategies...
Complementary Strategies                             Glossary      Offline                                             Onli...
Multiple Cases•Video cases•Professional video•Raw video                                                                   ...
New Instructional PrioritiesFacilitating Critical Evaluation Skills by Having Adolescents Create Online Content           ...
New Instructional Priorities• Three-Phase Model of Instruction• Phase 1: Students analyze the techniques authors use to ma...
New Instructional Priorities                  Other Websites                    My Website   Sincerity  Accuracy  Credibil...
New Instructional PrioritiesSummary                                                      New Literacies                   ...
New Instructional Core•Integrate:•Pedagogical Knowledge•Content Knowledge•Student Knowledge                               ...
New Instructional Core             •Integrate:             •Pedagogical Knowledge             •Content Knowledge          ...
Example Tech Tool:                                              •A free, web-based drawing and brainstorming tool.        ...
New Instructional Core   Affordance              Constraint   ‘lend itself to’    ‘restrain itself from’quality that permi...
New Instructional Core       Affordance                                            Constraint       ‘lend itself to’      ...
New Instructional Core  •Imagine that you will have students activate relevant   prior knowledge before a lesson or unit (...
New Instructional Core                                                                                                    ...
Final Thoughts                    Looking Back/Looking Ahead                                                              ...
Addressing & Seizing                     3 Big Ideas•New Course Designs                                                   ...
Challenges & Opportunities                                                                     175Challenges & Opportuniti...
PhD -- Educational Technology                  http://www.educ.msu.edu/cepse/EPET/overview-hybrid.asp                     ...
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Webinar - Mann Arts & Science Magnet Middle School - 5-31-11 - Handout

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Webinar - Mann Arts & Science Magnet Middle School - 5-31-11 - Handout

  1. 1. Preparing a New Generation of Students for the 21st Century: Digital Learning & Literacy in the Mid-School Subject AreasResources from today’s presentation can be found at: https://sites.google.com/site/MannArtsScience/ 1 Your School 2Preparing a New Generation of Students for the 21st Century: Digital Learning & Literacy in the Mid-School Subject Areas Douglas K. Hartman, Paul M. Morsink, Michelle Schira Hagermann, Robin L. Harris, & Kristen Kereluik Michigan State University 3
  2. 2. 4 Acknowledgements Literacy & Technology Seminar Community House Literacy ColloquiumSchool Partnership Research Lab 5 Acknowledgements http://www.msularc.org/ 6
  3. 3. Acknowledgements http://www.sagepub.com/journals/Journal202049 7 Acknowledgements 8 Resources•Slides available at:•https://sites.google.com/site/MannArtsScience/•Feedback & Questions:•dhartman@msu.edu 9
  4. 4. Resources “From Print to Pixels” http://www.guilford.com/ Hartman, Morsink & Zeng (2010) 10 Resources“The New Literacies of Online Reading Comprehension and the Irony of NCLB” http://www.guilford.com/ Leu, Hartman, et al. (2010) 11 Activity 12
  5. 5. Millennial Quiz http://www.slideshare.net/dkhartman http://pewresearch.org/millennials/quiz/ 13 Neighbor Conversation•“What generation do you belong to?”•“What answers could I change in order to ‘score’ as one of the other generations?” (especially note your literacy-related habits & choices) http://pewresearch.org/millennials/ 14 Overview • 1. Where We are Today: Literacy in 2011 • 2. The Challenges & Opportunities: Making the Most of Them • 3. Addressing the Challenges & Seizing the Opportunities: 3 Ideas for Accelerating Literacy Learning Today 15
  6. 6. Where We Are Today: Literacy in 2011 Part 1 16 What We Know•Literacy in 2011 is different than it was in 1990 or even in 2000•Literacy is evolving more rapidly than ever before 17 What We Know Kindergartner Reading Online 18
  7. 7. What We Know Kindergartner Reading Online http://en.childrenslibrary.org/ 19 What We Know Kindergartner Reading Online http://en.childrenslibrary.org/ 20 What We KnowUndergraduate Reading & Writing Online 21
  8. 8. What We Know Undergraduate Reading & Writing Online http://www.twurdy.com/ 22 What We Know Undergraduate Reading & Writing Online http://www.twurdy.com/ 23How Literacy is Changing The tools are changing 24
  9. 9. How Literacy is Changing The purposes & audiences are changing 25 How Literacy is Changing The strategies & skills are changingReading Offline Comprehension (Hartman, Morsink & Zheng, 2010) 26 How Literacy is ChangingReading Online Comprehension (Hartman, Morsink & Zheng, 2010) 27
  10. 10. How Literacy is Changing The habits & dispositions are changing Adolescent Media Use in U.S. (2010) Watching TV 3:51 Listening to Music Reading Online Playing Video Games Reading Offline Watching MoviesHours per day 1:44 1:02 0:49 0:43 0:25 Type of Media (Generation M2/Kaiser Foundation, 2010) 28 How Literacy is Changing The habits & dispositions are changing 29 How Literacy is Changing The pedagogies are changing Reciprocal Teaching Internet Reciprocal Teaching (Offline) Questioning Questioning Predicting Locating Clarifying Evaluating Summarizing Synthesizing Communicating(Palincsar & Brown, 1984) 30
  11. 11. How Literacy is Changing The pedagogies are changing Reciprocal Teaching Internet Reciprocal Teaching (Offline) (Online) Questioning Questioning Predicting Locating Clarifying Evaluating Summarizing Synthesizing Communicating (Palincsar & Brown, 1984) (Leu, Castek, Hartman, Coiro, Henry, Kulikowich & Lyver, 2005) (McVerry, Zawilinski & O’Byrne, 2009) 31 How Literacy is Changing The assessments are changing 2009PISA Reading Literacy http://erasq.acer.edu.au/ 32 How Literacy is Changing The definitions and standards are changing 1985 2010 Framework Definition • Reading as one communication • “Reading is the process of constructing process meaning from written text.” • Reading in a specific context • Reading for a specific purpose • Reading a specific genre 33
  12. 12. How Literacy is Changing The definitions and standards are changing 1985 2010 Definition Framework • Reading as one process of many •“Reading is the process of constructing • Reading of multiple, multi-modal texts meaning from written text.” • Reading in a specific context • Reading for a specific purpose • Reading a specific subject area 34 Changes to Literacy •Literacy has always been changing ... 35 How Literacy Has Changed Book & Screen 1990 AD – 2010 AD Kindle 2007 AD Hieroglyphs 5000 BC – 500 AD Cuneiform 4000 BC – 1000 BC Scroll 3000 BC – 1000 AD Wax Tablet 900 BC – 1500 AD Codex 100 BC – 1700 AD Book iPad 1500 AD – 1990 AD 2010 ADWriting in Dirt5500 BC History of Literacy 5000 BC 4500 BC 4000 BC 3500 BC 3000 BC 2500 BC 2000 BC 1500 BC 1000 BC 500 BC 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 2000 AD 36
  13. 13. 373839
  14. 14. 404142
  15. 15. 434445
  16. 16. 46 47 How Literacy Has Changed Book & Screen 1990 AD – 2010 AD Kindle 2007 AD Hieroglyphs 5000 BC – 500 AD Cuneiform 4000 BC – 1000 BC Scroll 3000 BC – 1000 AD Wax Tablet 900 BC – 1500 AD Codex 100 BC – 1700 AD Book iPad 1500 AD – 1990 AD 2010 ADWriting in Dirt5500 BC History of Literacy 5000 BC 4500 BC 4000 BC 3500 BC 3000 BC 2500 BC 2000 BC 1500 BC 1000 BC 500 BC 1 AD 500 AD 1000 AD 1500 AD 2000 AD 48
  17. 17. Where We Are TodayChanging ... • Definitions & Standards • Tools Reading Offline Comprehension • Purposes & Audiences • Strategies & Skills • Habits & Dispositions Reading Online Comprehension Book Internet • Pedagogies Internet Naive • Assessments 49 Internet Savvy ! Where We Are Today “problem of practice” 50 Activity 51
  18. 18. Neighbor Conversation Task•Turn to neighbor and share:•- “1-2 opportunities I see in today’s literacy landscape”•- “1-2 challenges I see in today’s literacy landscape” 52The Opportunities (& Challenges) : Making the Most of Them Part 2 53 Opportunities (& Challenges)•Increase student motivation•Extend student choice•Build basic literacy skills (& tech-intensive skills)•Connect literacy in-and-out-of-school•Amplify authentic learning•Multiply learning opportunities•Raise performance 54
  19. 19. Opportunities (& Challenges) “theory of action” 55 Opportunities (& Challenges)•Research: Technology & Reading Performance in the Middle-School Grades: A Meta-Analysis with Recommendations for Policy & Practice• “A wide range of digital technologies appear to enhance the reading performance of middle school students as evidenced by the robust overall effect size obtained in this meta- analysis.” (Moran, Ferdig, Pearson, Wardrop & Blomeyer, 2008) 56 Opportunities (& Challenges)•Technology use varied from one school to another (it was tailored to the setting)•Technology was a tool for teachers and students to use (it was not, by itself, a solution)•Technology support at the start was in-depth, personalized, just-in-time, and sustained (not a half- day workshop) (Moran, Ferdig, Pearson, Wardrop & Blomeyer, 2008) 57
  20. 20. Opportunities (& Challenges) To Accelerate Student Learning ...• Build Background Knowledge• Build Vocabulary Knowledge• Build Motivation & Interest• Enhance Strategy Instruction• Develop Critical Evaluation• Provide Scaffolded Texts• Support Collaborative Learning• Extend Professional Development 58 Opportunities (& Challenges) Build Background Knowledge•Use technology to activate and build prior knowledge for reading & writing to learn. 59 Opportunities (& Challenges) Build Background Knowledge http://thebrain.mcgill.ca/flash/index_a.html 60
  21. 21. Opportunities (& Challenges) Build Background Knowledge http://www.pbs.org/wnet/brain/index.html 61 Opportunities (& Challenges) Build Background Knowledge Who’s brain is this? http://news.sciencemag.org/sciencenow/2009/04/17-01.html 62 Opportunities (& Challenges) Build Background KnowledgeMEAP
Scien+fic
American
Ar+cleh"p://www.nrdc.org/wildlife/marine/sonar.aspThis
ar7cle
explains
how
sonar
harms
whales
and
has
an
embedded
video
(narrated
by
Pierce
Brosnan)
that
shows
sound
waves
and
beached
whales
thought
to
have
been
killed
by
Naval
Sonar.
The
video
is
done
in
the
style
of
a
public
service
announcement,
encouraging
people
to
make
their
voices
heard,
but
it
offers
powerful
visual
imagery
to
communicate
the
main
idea
of
the
MEAP/Scien7fic
American
Ar7cle.
h"p://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/10/081006112057.htm
‐‐this
one
has
an
image
of
a
beached
sperm
whale
embedded
‐
not
too
technical,
but
supports
the
posi7on
that
US
Navy
training
is
harming
whalesh"p://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beached_whale
‐‐Wikipedia
site
‐
there
is
an
en7re
sec7on
on
SONAR
and
its
apparent
role
in
mass
beachings,
par7cularly
of
Cuvier
beaked
whales.

There
are
images
of
whale
beachings
on
this
site
as
well...and
many
difficult
words
such
as
hemorrhaging
are
hyperlinked
for
vocabulary/background
knowledge
support.
Also,
"Cuvier
Beaked
Whales"
is
hyperlinked
so
students
could
read
about
them
in
advance
of
reading
the
MEAP
excerpt.
As
an
aside,
this
might
challenge
principals
no7ons
about
whether
Wikipedia
should
be
allowed
by
their
servers
or
not...
:)
h"p://www.csmonitor.com/Commentary/Opinion/2009/0402/p09s02‐coop.htmlAn
op‐ed
co‐authored
by
Jean‐Michel
Cousteau
(son
of
Jacques)
encouraging
policy
change
to
protect
whales
from
US
Naval
sonar.
Its
cri7cal
of
Bush‐era
policies
and
is
urging
the
Obama
administra7on
to
take
a
different
approach.
h"p://www.navy.mil/oceans/sonar.htmlThe
US
Navys
site
about
SONAR
with
links
in
the
sidebar
to
topics
such
as
Marine
Mammals
and
Sound,
Stranding
Events
and
a
fact
sheet
on
Sonar
and
Marine
Mammals.
It
would
be
VERY
interes7ng
for
teachers
to
contrast
the
informa7on
presented
at
this
site
with
the
informa7on
presented
at
the
other
sites
listed
here
and
with
the
informa7on
presented
in
the
MEAP
ar7cle.
 63
  22. 22. Opportunities (& Challenges) Build Background Knowledge•Think: What background knowledge idea might work in my subject area?•Pair: Find a partner.•Share: Share responses. 64 Opportunities (& Challenges) Build Vocabulary Knowledge•Use technology to build vocabulary knowledge for reading & writing to learn. 65 Opportunities (& Challenges) Build Vocabulary Knowledge rock cycle 66
  23. 23. Opportunities (& Challenges) Build Vocabulary Knowledge bill 67 Dictionaries Affordances Constraints Offline • • (Webster’s Dictionary) • • Website • • (Dictionary.com) • • Widget • • (Dashboard Dictionary) • • Publisher • •(New York Times Dictionary) • • Browser • • (Safari Dictionary) • • OS • • (iPad Dictionary) • • 68 Offline (Webster’s Dictionary) 69
  24. 24. Website (Dictionary.com) 70 Widget (Dashboard Dictionary) 71 Publisher(New York Times Dictionary) 72
  25. 25. Browser (Safari Dictionary) 73 OS (iPad Dictionary) 74Opportunities (& Challenges) Build Vocabulary Knowledge http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e4C0dis0OP0 75
  26. 26. Opportunities (& Challenges) Build Vocabulary Knowledge •Think: What vocabulary knowledge idea might work in my subject area? •Pair: Find a partner. •Share: Share responses. 76 Opportunities (& Challenges) Build Motivation & Interest •Use technology to build motivation and interest for reading & writing to learn. 77 Opportunities (& Challenges) Build Motivation & Interest•No popular election •Most votes became president•Electoral college chose candidates •Runner-up became vice- president•Electoral college voted •George Washington (president)•Each college member voted twice •John Adams (vice-president) How were the first U.S. president and vice-president selected? (1789) 78
  27. 27. Opportunities (& Challenges) Build Motivation & Interest rock cycle 79 Opportunities (& Challenges) Build Motivation & Interest•Think: What motivation and interest idea might work in my subject area?•Pair: Find a partner.•Share: Share responses. 80 Opportunities (& Challenges) Enhance Strategy Instruction•Use technology to enhance strategy instruction for reading & writing to learn. 81
  28. 28. Opportunities (& Challenges) Enhance Strategy Instruction http://sites.google.com/site/diigofordemo/ 82Opportunities (& Challenges) Enhance Strategy Instruction 83Opportunities (& Challenges) Enhance Strategy Instruction 84
  29. 29. Opportunities (& Challenges) Enhance Strategy Instruction Other Screen Capture Software•http://www.screencast-o-matic.com/•http://www.screenjelly.com/•http://www.jingproject.com/ 85 Opportunities (& Challenges) Enhance Strategy Instruction Rivaling•actively seek rival texts•actively seek rival interpretations•actively seek alternative perspectives•actively seek charged questions (Flower, Long & Higgins, 2000) 86 Opportunities (& Challenges) Enhance Strategy Instruction 87
  30. 30. Opportunities (& Challenges) Enhance Strategy Instruction a2 + b2 = c2 88 Opportunities (& Challenges) Enhance Strategy Instruction http://www.routledge.com/books/details/9780805835823/ 89 Opportunities (& Challenges) Enhance Strategy Instruction•Think: What strategy instruction idea might work in my subject area?•Pair: Find a partner.•Share: Share responses. 90
  31. 31. Opportunities (& Challenges) Develop Critical Evaluation•Use technology to develop critical evaluation for reading & writing to learn. 91 Opportunities (& Challenges) Develop Critical Evaluation http://zapatopi.net/treeoctopus/ 92 Opportunities (& Challenges) Develop Critical Evaluation http://www.malepregnancy.com/ 93
  32. 32. Opportunities (& Challenges) Develop Critical EvaluationEvaluating Middle School Students’ Online Reading Comprehension Performance Prompt • You are doing a report on the Martin Luther King Holiday. You come to this site. Where should you go first? (Henry, 2008) 94 Opportunities (& Challenges) Develop Critical Evaluation http://www.martinlutherking.org/ (Henry, 2008) 95 Opportunities (& Challenges) Develop Critical Evaluation (Henry, 2008) 96
  33. 33. Opportunities (& Challenges) Student Results High Low Total SES SES Incorrect 99% 99% 99% (N=1,321) (N=597) (N=1,918) Correct 1% 1% 1% (N=15) (N=6) (N=21) Total N=1,336 N=603 N=1,939 (Henry, 2008) 97 Opportunities (& Challenges) Teacher Results High Low Total SES SES Incorrect 95% 97% 96% (N=137) (N=112) (N=249) Correct 5% 3% 4% (N=7) (N=4) (N=11) Total N=144 N=116 N=260 (Henry, 2008) 98 Opportunities (& Challenges) Develop Critical Evaluation•Think: What critical evaluation idea might work in my subject area?•Pair: Find a partner.•Share: Share responses. 99
  34. 34. Opportunities (& Challenges) Provide Scaffolded Texts•Use technology to provide scaffolded texts for reading & writing to learn. 100 Opportunities (& Challenges) Provide Scaffolded Texts 101 Opportunities (& Challenges) Provide Scaffolded Texts http://www.ck12.org/flexbook/ 102
  35. 35. Opportunities (& Challenges) Provide Scaffolded Texts•Think: Will the scaffolded text idea might work in my subject area?•Pair: Find a partner.•Share: Share responses. 103 Opportunities (& Challenges) Support Collaborative Learning•Use technology to support collaborative learning with reading & writing. 104 Opportunities (& Challenges) Support Collaborative Learning http://asherrieb.pbworks.com/ 105
  36. 36. Opportunities (& Challenges) Support Collaborative Learning http://te250globaled.pbworks.com/International-Systems-of-Education 106 Opportunities (& Challenges) Support Collaborative Learning http://primarypad.com/ 107 Opportunities (& Challenges) Support Collaborative Learning•Think: What collaborative learning idea might work in my subject area?•Pair: Find a partner.•Share: Share responses. 108
  37. 37. Opportunities (& Challenges) Extend Professional Development•Use technology to extend professional development for reading & writing to learn. 109 Opportunities (& Challenges) Extend Professional Development http://www.learner.org/ 110 Opportunities (& Challenges) Extend Professional Development 111
  38. 38. Opportunities (& Challenges) Extend Professional Development 112 Opportunities (& Challenges) Extend Professional Development•Think: What professional development idea might work in my subject area?•Pair: Find a partner.•Share: Share responses. 113 Opportunities (& Challenges) 114
  39. 39. Opportunities (& Challenges)•Access to a vast library of free resources•Multi-modal, multi-media experiences•More choices for teachers and students•24/7 access to resources•Connections between in-and-out-of-school literacies•Making mental work more explicit, public, transparent•Making teaching & Learning possible 24/7 115 Addressing & Seizing: 3 Ideas for Accelerating Literacy Learning Today Part 3 116 Addressing & Seizing 3 Big Ideas•‘New’ Course Designs•‘New’ Instructional Priorities•‘New’ Instructional Core 117
  40. 40. New Course DesignsSetting•Preservice teachers in mathematics, science, & English/language arts•2-Year Project•Laptop Initiative•Land Grant University 118 Program Design Fall Spring 119 Contrastive Conceptions 120
  41. 41. Contrastive Conceptions Metaphors •Science: Bohr’s Principle of Complementarity •English: de Man’s “Blindness and Insight” •Mathetmatics: Godel’s Incompleteness Theorem 121 Complementary Strategies 122 Complementary Strategies Reciprocal Teaching Internet Reciprocal Teaching• Summarizing • Questioning• Questioning • Locating• Clarifying • Evaluating• Predicting • Synthesizing • Communicating 123
  42. 42. O ff l i n e Gradual Release of Responsibility 124Online Gradual Release of Responsibility All Student All Teacher Student Teacher 125Online Active Exchange of Responsibility Interaction Student Teacher Guided & Joint Practice Student-Teacher Teacher-Student Reciprocal Release of Responsibility 126
  43. 43. Complementary Strategies Internet Reciprocal Teaching 127Complementary Strategies Internet Reciprocal Teaching 128Complementary Strategies Internet Reciprocal Teaching 129
  44. 44. Complementary Strategies Glossary Offline Online 130 Complementary Strategies Vocabulary Resources Online 131 Reciprocal Resources Professional Book Professional Websitehttp://www.christopher-gordon.com/ http://www.readwritethink.org/ 132
  45. 45. Multiple Cases•Video cases•Professional video•Raw video 133 Multiple Cases (RT/IRT) http://www.reading.org/publications/bbv/videos/v500/ http://www.learner.org/channel/workshops/teachreading35/session5/index.html http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Uyys7Mj-JeE http://ctell1.uconn.edu/IRA/InternetRT.htm 134New Instructional Priorities New Literacies Questioning Communicating Locating Synthesizing Evaluating 135
  46. 46. New Instructional PrioritiesFacilitating Critical Evaluation Skills by Having Adolescents Create Online Content Task • Create website content in order to think more critically about information online. (O’Byrne, 2010) 136 New Instructional Priorities • Three-Phase Model of Instruction • Phase 1: Students analyze the techniques authors use to make websites credible • Phase 2: Students construct websites while manufacturing markers of online credibility • Phase 3: Students reflect on the knowledge & strategies used while critically evaluating & constructing online information (O’Byrne, 2010) 137 New Instructional Priorities http://www.thedogisland.com/ (O’Byrne, 2010) 138
  47. 47. New Instructional Priorities• Three-Phase Model of Instruction• Phase 1: Students analyze the techniques authors use to make websites credible• Phase 2: Students construct websites while manufacturing markers of online credibility• Phase 3: Students reflect on the knowledge & strategies used while critically evaluating & constructing online information (O’Byrne, 2010) 139 New Instructional Priorities http://newliteracies.uconn.edu/projects/hoaxsites/dat%20a%20way/Site/Testimonials.html (O’Byrne, 2010) 140 New Instructional Priorities• Three-Phase Model of Instruction• Phase 1: Students analyze the techniques authors use to make websites credible• Phase 2: Students construct websites while manufacturing markers of online credibility• Phase 3: Students reflect on the knowledge & strategies used while critically evaluating & constructing online information (O’Byrne, 2010) 141
  48. 48. New Instructional Priorities Other Websites My Website Sincerity Accuracy CredibilityReasonableness Support (O’Byrne, 2010) 142 Activity 143 Activity http://www.rythospital.com/2008/ 144
  49. 49. New Instructional PrioritiesSummary New Literacies Questioning Communicating Locating Synthesizing Evaluating 145 New Instructional Core + Instructional Rounds in Education TPACK model City, E. A., Elmore, R. F., Fiarman, S. E., & Teitel, L. (2009). Instructional Rounds in Education: A Network Approach to Improving Teaching and Learning. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Education Press. Mishra, P., & Koehler, M. J. (2006). Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge: A new framework for teacher knowledge. Teachers College Record. 108(6), 1017-1054. 146 New Instructional Core City, Elmore, Fiarman, & Teitel (2009) 147
  50. 50. New Instructional Core•Integrate:•Pedagogical Knowledge•Content Knowledge•Student Knowledge 148 New Instructional Core City, Elmore, Fiarman, & Teitel (2009) 149 New Instructional Core Available technology/ literacy choices } City, Elmore, Fiarman, & Teitel (2009) 150
  51. 51. New Instructional Core •Integrate: •Pedagogical Knowledge •Content Knowledge •Student Knowledge •Technological Knowledge 151 New Instructional Core Some choices are better than others City, Elmore, Fiarman, & Teitel (2009) 152 New Instructional Core Example Vocabulary9th grade ELA teacheraccess to computer lab ? 9th grade low vocab., struggling readers City, Elmore, Fiarman, & Teitel (2009) 153
  52. 52. Example Tech Tool: •A free, web-based drawing and brainstorming tool. •Students can use it by themselves or they can collaborate with classmates on the same page. 154 Example Tech Tool: Why is bubbl.us potentially a better choice? •relationships among words are visually mapped •learning is active and multi-sensory •maps can keep growing and be edited and re-arranged •students can collaborate on a map •maps can be saved and shared When is bubbl.us NOT a good choice? •when computers are not available •when a teacher plans to use it only once 155 New Instructional Core Example Vocabulary9th grade ELA teacheraccess to computer lab docs whiteboard & marker 9th grade low vocab., struggling readers City, Elmore, Fiarman, & Teitel (2009) 156
  53. 53. New Instructional Core Affordance Constraint ‘lend itself to’ ‘restrain itself from’quality that permits quality that limits possibilities restrictions 157 New Instructional Core Affordance Constraint ‘lend itself to’ ‘restrain itself from’quality that permits quality that limits possibilities restrictions 158 New Instructional Core Affordance Constraint ‘lend itself to’ ‘restrain itself from’quality that permits quality that limits possibilities restrictions 159
  54. 54. New Instructional Core Affordance Constraint ‘lend itself to’ ‘restrain itself from’ quality that permits quality that limits possibilities restrictions 160 Glossaries Affordances ConstraintsPaper & Markers • Handmade look & feel • Share beyond classroom • Familiar technologies • Shelf life MS Word • Print multiple copies for all • Learn word processor features • Can email to others • Updates to software Wiki • Continually update • Learn wiki tool • Share with other classrooms • Computers network is down 161 Activity 162
  55. 55. New Instructional Core •Imagine that you will have students activate relevant prior knowledge before a lesson or unit (PK) ... •For a lesson or unit you will teach in the next few days or weeks (CK) ... •With 9th graders in a specific subject area (SK) •Using one of the following technologies (TK) ... 163 New Instructional Core •Technologies •Pencil & Paper •Overhead Projector •MS Word •bubbl.us website 164 New Instructional Core Activate Prior Knowledge(PK) + Social Studies Lesson(CK) + 9th Graders (SK) + ... Pros Cons (Affordances) (Constraints)Paper & Pencil (TK) 165
  56. 56. New Instructional Core 166 New Instructional CoreSummary Available technology/ literacy choices City, Elmore, Fiarman, & Teitel (2009) 167 Addressing & Seizing 3 Big Ideas •New Course Designs Questioning Communicating Locating •New Instructional Priorities Synthesizing Evaluating •New Instructional Core 168
  57. 57. Final Thoughts Looking Back/Looking Ahead 169 Where We Are TodayChanging ... • Tools • Purposes & Audiences Reading Offline Comprehension • Strategies & Skills • Habits & Dispositions • Pedagogies Reading Online Comprehension Book Internet • Definitions & Standards Internet Naive • Assessments 170 Internet Savvy ! Opportunities (& Challenges) •Students •Teachers •Schools 171
  58. 58. Addressing & Seizing 3 Big Ideas•New Course Designs Questioning Communicating Locating•New Instructional Priorities Synthesizing Evaluating•New Instructional Core 172 Thank You! Mann Arts & Science Magnet Middle School 173 Activity 174
  59. 59. Challenges & Opportunities 175Challenges & Opportunities•Write one idea of how to use technology to enhance literacy that might be possible in your district.•Fill out each of the columns.•Share your idea, necessary steps, challenges and possible solutions with your neighbors. 176PhD -- Language & Literacy http://ed-web3.educ.msu.edu/phdliteracy/default.htm 177
  60. 60. PhD -- Educational Technology http://www.educ.msu.edu/cepse/EPET/overview-hybrid.asp 178 Thank you! 179Preparing a New Generation of Students for the 21st Century: Digital Learning & Literacy in the Mid-School Subject Areas Douglas K. Hartman, Paul M. Morsink, Michelle Schira Hagermann, Robin L. Harris, & Kristen Kereluik Michigan State University 180

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