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Mra Pre Con Breakout 2010 Slide Sharev1
 

Mra Pre Con Breakout 2010 Slide Sharev1

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    Mra Pre Con Breakout 2010 Slide Sharev1 Mra Pre Con Breakout 2010 Slide Sharev1 Presentation Transcript

    • Thinking about RTI with! 3rd - 5th Graders:! Reading! Douglas K. Hartman, Ph.D.! Michigan State University!
    • U.S. Dept. of Ed. Grant! •  Gary Troia & Natalie Olinghouse •  “Alignment across K-12 Writing Standards, Assessments, Achievement, & Post-secondary Expectations: A State-by- State Analysis” •  $1.2 million •  5 years
    • Acknowledgements!
    • Why Grades 3 - 5?! •  Emergence: “4th grade slump” •  Shift: narrative to expository text •  Increase: content-specific vocabulary •  Decrease: optimism (Snow, 2002; Smith & Larkins, 1990; Chall, 1983; Fischer & Leitenberg, 1986)!
    • Why Grades 3 - 5?!
    • Which RTI Model?!
    • Which RTI Model?!
    • Which RTI Model?!
    • Which RTI Model?!
    • Problems with RTI Model! •  How do you determine when to move a student from one level to the next? •  When a student does respond, what do you do? •  Bringing a student up to the same level of achievement as his peers means something different in each setting. •  The materials/interventions from special education are moving into the general education classroom. •  The model is criticized for focusing too heavily upon reading and the primary grades. (Troia, 2010)!
    • Problems with RTI Model! •  How do you determine when to move a student from one level to the next? •  When a student does respond, what do you do? •  Bringing a student up to the same level of achievement as his peers means something different in each setting. •  The materials/interventions from special education are moving into the general education classroom. •  The model is criticized for focusing too heavily upon reading and the primary grades. (Troia, 2010)!
    • Problems with RTI Model! •  How do you determine when to move a student from one level to the next? •  When a student does respond, what do you do? •  Bringing a student up to the same level of achievement as his peers means something different in each setting. •  The materials/interventions from special education are moving into the general education classroom. •  The model is criticized for focusing too heavily upon reading and the primary grades. (Troia, 2010)!
    • Stepping back ...! •  Donna Scanlon: “Instruction needs to meet children where they are.” •  Where are children? •  What are 3rd - 5th graders reading? •  How are 3rd - 5th graders reading? •  [Weave in issues about RTI.]
    • Looking at ...! •  Comprehension •  2 Case Studies & Larger Scale Research
    • What are students reading?!
    • Laya: 3rd Grade!
    • Laya: 3rd Grade ELA!
    • Laya: 3rd Grade ELA!
    • Laya: 3rd Grade ELA!
    • Laya: 3rd Grade ELA! http://en.childrenslibrary.org/!
    • Laya: 3rd Grade ELA! http://en.childrenslibrary.org/!
    • Laya: 3rd Grade ELA!
    • Laya: 3rd Grade ELA!
    • Laya: 3rd Grade ELA! http://www.archive.org/details/Alice_in_Wonderland_1903!
    • Teens Are Reading More Online ...! (Generation M2/Kaiser Foundation, 2010)!
    • Americans Are Reading More Online ...! (Pew/Internet Survey, December 2007)!
    • •  64% of American teens are online creators •  35% of girls online blog •  20% of boys online blog •  50% of online teens read blogs (Pew/Internet Survey, December 2007)!
    • Shift 1! •  The technologies students use for reading are shifting
    • •  Technology: a tool ... an instrument •  ... used for teaching & learning
    • Changing Technologies!
    • Changing Technologies!
    • Medieval Help Desk!
    • Laya: 3rd Grade ELA!
    • What are students reading?! •  Linguistic texts ---> Semiotic texts •  Balance has tipped toward semiotic texts •  Semiotic texts are increasingly digital •  Digital texts are ever more online •  Reading/viewing across linguistic & semiotic texts
    • Which RTI Model?!
    • RTI?! •  Do RTI models include the range of text types that students read? Or will need to read? •  Do our standards include the range of text types that students read? Or will need to read?
    • How are students reading?!
    • Vail: 5th Grade!
    • Vail: 5th Grade Science!
    • Vail: 5th Grade Science! •  1869 - “Mendeleev put together a chart” •  63 elements •  110 elements today •  “Arrangements of the elements have been evolving for more than 200 Dmitri Mendeleev! years”
    • Vail: 5th Grade Science! 1868! 1869! 1878!
    • Vail: 5th Grade Science!
    • Vail: 5th Grade Science!
    • Vail: 5th Grade Science!
    • Vail: 5th Grade Science! http://www.uky.edu/Projects/Chemcomics/!
    • Vail: 5th Grade Science!
    • • Reading-to-Learn Offline: Offline! Comprehension! (Coiro & Dobler, 2007)!
    • Reading-to-Learn Online:! Online! Comprehension! (Hartman, Morsink & Zheng, in press)!
    • Book! Internet! Internet Naive! Internet Savvy! (Small, Moody, Siddarth & Bookheimer, 2009)!
    • (Leu, Castek, Hartman, Coiro, Henry, Kulikowich, 2006)!
    • Shift 2! •  The strategies students use for reading are shifting
    • Vail: 5th Grade Science!
    • Vail: 5th Grade Science!
    • How are students reading?!
    • RTI?!
    • What & how to teach?!
    • Perspectives! •  Interstitial Era •  Complementary Practices •  Complementary Knowledge
    • Preparing a New Generation of Teachers to Develop Literate Students!
    • Setting! •  Preservice teachers in mathematics, science, & English/language arts •  2-Year Project •  Laptop Initiative •  Land Grant University
    • Program Design! Fall! Spring!
    • Contrastive Conceptions!
    • Contrastive Conceptions! Metaphors! •  Science: Bohr’s Principle of Complementarity •  English: de Man’s “Blindness and Insight” •  Mathetmatics: Godel’s Incompleteness Theorem
    • Complementary Strategies!
    • Complementary Strategies! Reciprocal Teaching Internet Reciprocal Teaching • Summarizing • Questioning • Questioning • Locating • Clarifying • Evaluating • Predicting • Synthesizing • Communicating
    • Gradual Release of Responsibility!
    • Complementary Strategies! Internet Reciprocal Teaching!
    • Complementary Strategies! Internet Reciprocal Teaching!
    • Complementary Strategies! Internet Reciprocal Teaching!
    • Complementary Strategies! Glossary!
    • Complementary Strategies! Vocabulary Resources!
    • Reciprocal Resources! Professional Book! Professional Website! http://www.christopher- http://www.readwritethink.org/! gordon.com/!
    • Multiple Cases! •  Video cases •  Professional video •  Raw video
    • Multiple Cases (RT/IRT)!
    • Shift 3! •  The pedagogies teachers use for instruction need to shift
    • Pedagogical! Knowledge! (PK)!
    • Pedagogical! Content! Knowledge! Knowledge! (PK)! (CK)!
    • Pedagogical! Content! Knowledge! Knowledge! (PK)! (CK)! (Shulman, 1987)!
    • Technological! Knowledge! (TK)! Pedagogical! Content! Knowledge! Knowledge! (PK)! (CK)! (Mishra & Koehler, 2006)!
    • Technological! Knowledge! (TK)! Pedagogical! Content! Knowledge! Knowledge! (PK)! (CK)! (Mishra & Koehler, 2006)!
    • http://www.tpack.org/! (Mishra & Koehler, 2006)!
    • TPACK! http://www.tpack.org/! (Mishra & Koehler, 2006)!
    • TPACK Activity! •  Integrate: •  Technological Knowledge •  Pedagogical Knowledge •  Content Knowledge
    • Technological! Knowledge! (TK)! Pedagogical! Content! Knowledge! Knowledge! (PK)! (CK)! (Mishra & Koehler, 2006)!
    • Technological! Knowledge! (TK)! Pedagogical! Content! Knowledge! Knowledge! (PK)! (CK)! (Mishra & Koehler, 2006)!
    • TPACK Activity! •  Imagine that you will have students activate relevant prior knowledge before a lesson or unit (PK) ... •  For a lesson or unit you will teach in the next few days or weeks (CK) ... •  Using one of the following technologies (TK) ...
    • TPACK Activity! •  Technologies •  Pencil & Paper •  Overhead Projector •  MS Word •  DVD
    • Paper & Pencil! Overhead Projector! MS Word! DVD! (TK)! Activate Prior! Lesson or Unit! Knowledge! (CK)! (PK)!
    • Paper & Pencil! Overhead Projector! MS Word! DVD! (TK)! Activate Prior! Lesson or Unit! Knowledge! (CK)! (PK)!
    • TPACK Activity! Activate Prior Knowledge (PK) + Social Studies Lesson (CK) + ... ! Pros! Cons! (Affordances)! (Constraints)! Paper & Pencil (TK)
    • TPACK Table! (This table can be found in your Google documents list.)!
    • Q&A!