0
Integrating the Elementary      Language Arts:  A Historical Perspective     E. Jennifer Monaghan      Douglas K. Hartman ...
Toward Defining the Language Arts …• “Our goal is to define … what students should  learn in the English language arts—rea...
1620s to 1780sSequential Teaching of  Reading & Writing                                Reading the Bible is the route to  ...
1780s to 1840sIntegrating Speaking &   Spelling Instruction                                       Oral spelling is the rou...
1840s to 1880sPestalozianism & Schoolbooks                                       A shift toward child-centered            ...
1840s to 1880sPestalozianism & Schoolbooks  (continued)                                       A shift toward child-centere...
1880s to 1930sProgressivism & the  Integration of Literacy  Instruction                                         Francis Wa...
1930s to 1970sDisintegrating the Language   Arts                                             The Whole Word Approach      ...
1980s to 1990sIntegrating the Language Arts                                       Emergent literacy, process writing,     ...
1990s to 2010                                             Citations of the Words “Reading,” “Writing,” “Language Arts,” an...
Summary of Chapter              Era                     Years                Themes/Events                                ...
Summary of Chapter               Era                    Years                Themes/Events                                ...
Summary of Chapter              Era                      Years                Themes/Events                               ...
Summary of Chapter               Era                       Years                Themes/Events                             ...
For More Information …      http://historyliteracy.org
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Monaghan Hartman (2010) Integrating the Elementary Language Arts

1,034

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,034
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
7
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Monaghan Hartman (2010) Integrating the Elementary Language Arts"

  1. 1. Integrating the Elementary Language Arts: A Historical Perspective E. Jennifer Monaghan Douglas K. Hartman Chapter 16
  2. 2. Toward Defining the Language Arts …• “Our goal is to define … what students should learn in the English language arts—reading, writing, listening, speaking, viewing, and visual representing.” International Reading Association/National Council of Teachers of English (IRA/NCTE). (1996). Standards for the English Language Arts. Newark, DE: International Reading Association/National Council of Teachers of English.
  3. 3. 1620s to 1780sSequential Teaching of Reading & Writing Reading the Bible is the route to salvation New-England Primer (n.p.). (1727). Boston: S. Kneeland & T. Green.
  4. 4. 1780s to 1840sIntegrating Speaking & Spelling Instruction Oral spelling is the route to reading acquisition Webster, N. (1843). The elementary spelling book; being an improvement on the American Spelling Book (p. 20). New York: Cooledge & Brother. (Original work published 1829).
  5. 5. 1840s to 1880sPestalozianism & Schoolbooks A shift toward child-centered reading instruction William Holmes McGuffey (1837). Eclectic First Reader (p. 14). Cincinnati: Truman & Smith. Reproduced in John H. Westerhoff III (1978). McGuffey and His Readers: Piety, Morality, and Education in Nineteenth-Century America (p. 115). Nashville, TN: Abingdon.
  6. 6. 1840s to 1880sPestalozianism & Schoolbooks (continued) A shift toward child-centered writing instruction Frost, J. (1839). Easy exercises in composition (p. 24). Philadelphia: W. Marshal. Reproduced in Schultz, L.M. (1999), The young composers: Composition’s beginning in nineteenth-century schools (p. 52). Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press.
  7. 7. 1880s to 1930sProgressivism & the Integration of Literacy Instruction Francis Wayland Parker Source: http://www.ucls.uchicago.edu/photo_album/1809s/parker.html
  8. 8. 1930s to 1970sDisintegrating the Language Arts The Whole Word Approach Kleiser, C., Ettinger, W.L., & Shimer, E.D. (1917). The Progressive road to reading: Story steps (p. 7). Boston: Silver, Burdett.
  9. 9. 1980s to 1990sIntegrating the Language Arts Emergent literacy, process writing, whole language, & literature- based reading Mavrogenes, N.A. (1987). Young children composing then and now: Recent research on emergent literacy. Visible Language, 21, p. 281.
  10. 10. 1990s to 2010 Citations of the Words “Reading,” “Writing,” “Language Arts,” and “Literacy” in Public Law 107-110 (2001), the No Child Left Behind law Reading Writing Language Arts Literacy COMBINED TOTALS -249 26* 7 108 The disparity in favor of reading and reading instruction over writing andWhere We Are Now in the Era writing instruction is obvious. * This total includes a deduction of 3 citations of the phrase “in writing.” of NCLB Sources: TITLE 1 Improving the Academic Achievement of the Disadvantaged Sections 1001-1004; Part A, Improving Basic Programs, sections 1111-1120B; Part B, Student Reading Skills Improvement, sections 1201-1208; Subpart 2, Early Reading First, sections 1221-1226; Subpart 3, William F. Goodling Family Literacy, sections 1231-1242; Subpart 4. Improving Literacy…School Libraries, section 1251; Part C, Education of Migratory Children, sections 1301-1309. TITLE 2 Preparing, Training, and Recruiting High Quality Teachers and Principals Subpart 2. National Writing Project, sections 2331-2332. Public Law 107-110, the No Child Left Behind of 2001. Retrieved November 29, 2010, from http://www2.ed.gov/policy/elsec/leg/esea02/index.html Renewed emphasis on reading rather than writing instruction
  11. 11. Summary of Chapter Era Years Themes/Events Reading is taught before writingThe New England Primer: because it is through readingSequential Teaching of Reading 1620s to 1780s that the young acquire the& Writing values (at this time, the religious values) of adults. In the 1730s, spelling books emerge as the key text forNoah Webster’s Spelling Books: American reading instruction,Integrating Speaking & Spelling 1780s to 1840s which is based on the alphabetwith Reading Instruction method. Noah Webster’s spellers outstrip all others in their sales. (Monaghan & Hartman, 2010)
  12. 12. Summary of Chapter Era Years Themes/Events The sterility of the alphabet method and rote learning givesPestalozzianism & Child- rise to reform. ReformersCentered Schoolbooks: invoke the child-centered 1820s to 1880sParallel Shifts in Reading & principles of Johann PestalozziWriting Materials to introduce child-centered reading and writing instructional texts. The same principles areFrancis Wayland Parker: adopted by Progressives, whoProgressivism & the Integration 1880s to 1930s integrate reading & writing intoof Literacy Instruction their curricula. Children read what they have written. (Monaghan & Hartman, 2010)
  13. 13. Summary of Chapter Era Years Themes/Events Both the Progressives & their successful rivals, the adherents of the scientific movement inThe Whole Word Approach: education, adopt the whole 1930s to 1970sDisintegrating the Language Arts word approach to reading instruction while synthetic phonics and writing take a back seat. Research on language acquisition & emergent literacy,Integrating the Language Arts: combines with process writing,The Impact of Cognitive 1980s to 1990s whole language, & literature-Research based reading to renew a focus on integrating the language arts. (Monaghan & Hartman, 2010)
  14. 14. Summary of Chapter Era Years Themes/Events New voices call for “balanced” reading instruction, but “high stakes” national and stateWhere we Are Now: testing conflict with integrative 1990s to 2010sIn the Era of No Child Left Behind goals since they renew the exaggerated emphasis on reading, rather than writing instruction. (Monaghan & Hartman, 2010)
  15. 15. For More Information … http://historyliteracy.org
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×