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Dustin Ketcham Slideshow Final

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  • 1. Slideshow presentation: Persuasive essays/ Grammar and Mechanics are consistent with Standard English.
  • 2. Writing a Persuasive Essay  Everyone has their own opinion on a particular issue.  I love writing a persuasive essay because I feel I am helping people be more open minded.  However, I found there are three things to know to make your persuasive essay affective.  Knowing how to approach your audience using ethos, pathos, and logos. The difference between affect and effect adapted from [http://www.askoxford.com/asktheexperts/faq/aboutspelling/affect]
  • 3. Ethos, Pathos, and Logos  Ethos  Gives credibility to the author  While writing, make yourself seem educated and professional. Share with the reader where you graduated college from and projects you have completed that help back your argument.  Language and tone of your paper can also affect ones view of the author. For example, if you are referring to an individual or a group  negatively it can make you seem childish and therefore uneducated. Adapted from [http://www.public.asu.edu/~macalla/logosethospathos.html]
  • 4. Ethos, Pathos, and Logos cont.  Pathos (one of the most powerful tools)  Deals with ones emotions.  If a writer can pinpoint his/her target audience then he/she can make emotional points to persuade the audience. For example, if the topic was abortion the author could talk  about new born babies or, parents wanting to adopt. People who you know will be interested in the essay are your target  audience. People who are concerned with babies are parents trying to adopt and parents who already have them, mothers specifically. In conclusion, one stab at a mothers heart, like their own child, can help reel in the support of your audience. Adapted from [http://www.public.asu.edu/~macalla/logosethospathos.html]
  • 5. Ethos, Pathos, and Logos cont.  Logos  Deals with statistics  Charts  Graphs  Hard facts  One way to affectively persuade an audience is use hard facts that can not be argued with. Adapted from [http://www.public.asu.edu/~macalla/logosethospathos.html]
  • 6. Ethos, Pathos, and Logos cont.  While writing I discovered a few tricks of my own.  If you can blend two or more of these three aspects of persuasive writing you can create a type of hybrid.  For example, You can be a volunteer at an animal shelter and see first hand on how the animals are treated and, describe it in a persuasive essay and there you have it.  Think about it:  You volunteer at the shelter which tells the reader that you aren’t just qualified, ethos, to talk about the topic but, you are also hit their emotional side because you are volunteering your time. Using pathos in this example mixed with ethos creates a double whammy. You explain what happens to the animals which could possibly make readers eager to help. They then see you volunteering your time and that could possibly make the reader want to believe what you have to say because they like you. In addition, the reader doesn’t feel your essay is attacking them and they don’t feel threatened.
  • 7. Helpful hint  Keep your essay as interesting as possible. The more interesting your essay is the longer the reader will be willing to keep those pages turning. In essence, the longer your audience reads your paper the longer you have to persuade them to the point you, as the writer, are trying to make.
  • 8. The dreadful commas.
  • 9. Commas  Questions I had:  Where do I need a comma?  Where do I place it?  Are there any tricks that help?
  • 10. When do I need a comma?  When you have dates.  When you are adding additional information to a sentence to clarify.  When you are listing off a group of things.  When you insert a quote.  When you combine two independent clauses in one sentence.
  • 11. Where do I place a comma?  After each point in a group  Example: of points.  quot;He hit the ball, dropped the bat, and ran to first base.“  Example:  Between two independent ideas, clauses, after a conjunction.  quot;He hit the ball well, but (and, or, however, but, ect. he ran toward third base.quot; ) Adapted from [http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/commas.htm]
  • 12. Where do I place a comma? Continued:  Before and after additional  Example: information in a sentence.  “My sister, Elizabeth, lives in Washington.”  Right before a quotation.  Example:  quot;The question is,quot; said Alice, quot;whether you can make words mean so many things.quot; Adapted from [http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/commas.htm]
  • 13. Are there any tricks?  There are no real tricks to know when placing commas.  However, I did find a myth that I thought was true.  Every where you take a breath in a sentence you add a comma.  And many times this is true but, this doesn’t work every time.  My best advice is to stick with the rules of where you place each comma.
  • 14. THE END Continue to Works Cited page
  • 15. “Ask the Experts.” Askoxford.com. 28 April 2009 <http://www.askoxford.com/asktheexperts/faq/aboutspelling/affect> “Ethos, Pathos, and Logos” 28 April 2009 <http://www.public.asu.edu/~macalla/logosethospathos.html> “Rules For Comma Usage.” 28 April 2009 <http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/commas.htm>

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