Spanish Speaking Countries Capitals and Flags
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Spanish Speaking Countries Capitals and Flags

Spanish Speaking Countries Capitals and Flags

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Spanish Speaking Countries Capitals and Flags Spanish Speaking Countries Capitals and Flags Presentation Transcript

  • Dusten Keppner TEC 571 Instructor: Dr. Bennett Grand Canyon University
  • Spanish Speaking Countries of the World: Their Flags and Capitals Practice Quizzes Flags and National Anthems
  • Name: Mexico Capital: Mexico City Three vertical bands of green, white, and red; Mexico's coat of arms (an eagle with a snake in its beak perched on a cactus) is centered in the white band; green signifies hope, joy, and love; white represents peace and honesty; red stands for hardiness, bravery, strength, and valor; the coat of arms is derived from a legend that the wandering Aztec people were to settle at a location where they would see an eagle on a cactus eating a snake; the city they founded, Tenochtitlan, is now Mexico City.  
  • Central America/Caribbean Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Republic El Salvador Guatemala Honduras Nicaragua Panama Puerto Rico
  • Name: Costa Rica Capital: San José
    • Five horizontal bands of blue, white, red, white, and blue, with the coat of arms in a white elliptical disk. Costa Rica retained the earlier blue-white-blue flag of Central America until 1848 when, in response to revolutionary activity in Europe, it was decided to incorporate the French colors into the national flag and a central red stripe was added; today the blue color is said to stand for the sky, opportunity, and perseverance, white denotes peace, happiness, and wisdom, while red represents the blood shed for freedom, as well as the generosity and vibrancy of the people.
  • Name: Cuba Capital: Havana
    • Five horizontal bands of blue alternating with white; a red equilateral triangle based on the hoist side bears a white, five-pointed star in the center; the blue bands refer to the three old divisions of the island: central, occidental, and oriental; the white bands describe the purity of the independence ideal; the triangle symbolizes liberty, equality, and fraternity, while the red color stands for the blood shed in the independence struggle; the white star, called “ La Estrella Solitaria” (the Lone Star) lights the way to freedom and was taken from the flag of Texas
  • Name: Dominican Republic Capital: Santo Domingo
    • Red, white, and blue with a small coat of arms featuring a shield supported by a laurel branch (left) and a palm branch (right) is at the center of the cross; above the shield a blue ribbon displays the motto, “ DIOS, PATRIA, LIBERTAD ” (God, Fatherland, Liberty), and below the shield, “ REPUBLICA DOMINICANA” appears on a red ribbon; in the shield a bible is opened to a verse that reads " Y la verdad nos hara libre " (And the truth shall set you free); blue stands for liberty, white for salvation, and red for the blood of heroes.
  • Name: El Salvador Capital: San Salvador
    • Three horizontal bands of blue, white, and blue with the national coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms features a round emblem encircled by the words “ REPUBLICA DE EL SALVADOR EN LA AMERICA CENTRAL ”; the banner is based on the former blue-white-blue flag of the Federal Republic of Central America; the blue bands symbolize the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, while the white band represents the land between the two bodies of water, as well as peace and prosperity.
  • Name: Guatemala Capital: Guatemala City
    • Three vertical bands of light blue, white, and light blue, with the coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms includes a green and red quetzal (the national bird) representing liberty and a scroll bearing the inscription “ LIBERTAD 15 DE SEPTIEMBRE DE 1821 ” (the original date of independence from Spain) all superimposed on a pair of crossed rifles signifying Guatemala's willingness to defend itself and a pair of crossed swords representing honor and framed by a laurel wreath symbolizing victory; the blue bands stand for the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea and the sea and sky; the white band denotes peace and purity.
  • Name: Honduras Capital: Tegucigalpa
    • Three horizontal bands of blue, white, and blue, with five blue, five-pointed stars arranged in an X pattern centered in the white band; the stars represent the members of the former Federal Republic of Central America - Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua; the blue bands symbolize the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea; the white band represents the land between the two bodies of water and the peace and prosperity of its people.
  • Name: Nicaragua Capital: Managua
    • Three horizontal bands of blue, white, and blue with the national coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms features a triangle encircled by the words “ REPUBLICA DE NICARAGUA” on the top and “AMERICA CENTRAL” on the bottom; the banner is based on the former blue-white-blue flag of the Federal Republic of Central America; the blue bands symbolize the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, while the white band represents the land between the two bodies of water.
  • Name: Panama Capital: Panama City
    • Divided into four, equal
    • rectangles; the top quadrants
    • are white with a blue five-
    • pointed star in the center and
    • plain red; the bottom quadrants
    • are plain blue and white
    • with a red five-pointed star in
    • the center; the blue and red
    • colors are those of the main
    • political parties (Conservatives and Liberals respectively) and the white denotes peace
    • between them; the blue star stands for the civic virtues of purity and honesty,
    • the red star signifies authority and law.
  • Name: Puerto Rico Capital: San Juan
    • Five horizontal bands of blue,
    • white, red, white, and blue,
    • with the coat of arms in a
    • white elliptical disk toward
    • the hoist side of the red band;
    • Costa Rica retained the earlier
    • blue-white-blue flag of Central
    • America until 1848 when, in
    • response to revolutionary
    • activity in Europe, it was decided to incorporate the French colors into the national flag and a central red stripe was added; today the blue color is said to stand for the sky, opportunity, and perseverance, white denotes peace, happiness, and wisdom, while red represents the blood shed for freedom, as well as the generosity and vibrancy of the people
  • South America Argentina Bolivia Chile Colombia Ecuador Paraguay Peru Uruguay Venezuela
  • Name: Argentina Capital: Buenos Aires
    • Three horizontal bands of light blue, white, and light blue; centered in the white band is a radiant yellow sun with a human face known as the Sun of May; the colors represent the clear skies and snow of the Andes; the sun symbol commemorates the appearance of the sun through cloudy skies on 25 May 1810 during the first mass demonstration in favor of independence; the sun features are those of Inti, the Inca god of the sun.
  • Name: Bolivia Capital: La Paz
    • Three horizontal bands of red, yellow, and green with the coat of arms centered on the yellow band; red stands for bravery and the blood of national heroes, yellow for the nation's mineral resources, and green for the fertility of
    • the land.
  • Name: Chile Capital: Santiago
    • Two horizontal bands of white and red; a blue square the same height as the white band; the square bears a white five-pointed star in the center representing a guide to progress and honor; blue symbolizes the sky, white is for the snow-covered Andes, and red represents the blood spilled to achieve independence
  • Name: Colombia Capital: Bogotá
    • Three horizontal bands of yellow, blue, and red; the flag retains the three main colors of the banner of Gran Columbia, the short-lived South American republic that broke up in 1830; various interpretations of the colors exist and include: yellow for the gold in Colombia's land, blue for the seas on its shores, and red for the blood spilled in attaining freedom; alternatively, the colors have been described as representing more elemental concepts such as sovereignty and justice (yellow), loyalty and vigilance (blue), and valour and generosity (red); or simply the principles of liberty, equality, and fraternity
  • Name: Ecuador Capital: Quito
    • Three horizontal bands of yellow, blue, and red with the coat of arms superimposed at the center of the flag; the flag retains the three main colors of the banner of Gran Columbia, the South American republic that broke up in 1830; the yellow color represents sunshine, grain, and mineral wealth, blue the sky, sea, and rivers, and red the blood of patriots spilled in the struggle for freedom and justice.
  • Name: Paraguay Capital Asuncion
    • Three horizontal bands of red, white, and blue with an emblem centered in the white band; unusual flag in that the emblem is different on each side; the obverse bears the national coat of arms (a yellow five-pointed star within a green wreath capped by the words “ REPUBLICA DEL PARAGUAY ,” all within two circles); the reverse bears a circular seal of the treasury (a yellow lion below a red Cap of Liberty and the words “ PAZ Y JUSTICIA ” (Peace and Justice)); red symbolizes bravery and patriotism, white represents integrity and peace, and blue denotes liberty and generosity.
  • Name: Peru Capital: Lima
    • Three vertical bands of red, white, and red with the coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms features a shield bearing a vicuna (representing fauna), a cinchona tree (the source of quinine, signifying flora), and a yellow cornucopia spilling out coins (denoting mineral wealth); red recalls blood shed for independence, white symbolizes peace.
  • Name: Uruguay Capital: Montevideo
    • Nine horizontal stripes of white, alternating with blue; a white square in the upper corner with a yellow sun bearing a human face known as the Sun of May with 16 rays that alternate between triangular and wavy; the stripes represent the nine original departments of Uruguay; the sun symbol evokes the legend of the sun breaking through the clouds on 25 May 1810 as independence was first declared from Spain. (Uruguay subsequently won its independence from Brazil)
  • Name: Venezuela Capital Caracas
    • Three horizontal bands of yellow, blue, and red with the coat of arms on the hoist side of the yellow band and an arc of eight white five-pointed stars centered in the blue band; the flag retains the three equal horizontal bands and three main colors of the banner of Gran Colombia, the South American republic that broke up in 1830; yellow is interpreted as standing for the riches of the land, blue for the courage of its people, and red for the blood shed in attaining independence; the seven stars on the original flag represented the seven provinces in Venezuela that united in the war of independence; in 2006, President Hugo Chavez ordered an eighth star added to the star arc - a decision that sparked much controversy.
  • Name: Spain Capital: Madrid
    • Three horizontal bands of red, yellow, and red with the national coat of arms on the hoist side of the yellow band; the coat of arms is quartered to display the emblems of the traditional kingdoms of Spain (clockwise from upper left, Castile, Leon, Navarre, and Aragon) while Granada is represented by the stylized pomegranate at the bottom of the shield; the arms are framed by two columns representing the Pillars of Hercules, which are the two promontories (Gibraltar and Ceuta) on either side of the eastern end of the Strait of Gibraltar; the red scroll across the two columns bears the imperial motto of "Plus Ultra" (further beyond) referring to Spanish lands beyond Europe; the triband arrangement with the center stripe twice the width of the outer dates to
    • the 18 th century.
  • Flags and National Anthems Argentina Bolivia Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Spain Guatemala Honduras Panama Paraguay Peru Puerto Rico Uruguay Venezuela
  • Quizzes Name the Country’s Flag Locate the Country Geography Practice
  • References
    • http:// lmc . foxbay .k12. wi .us/bayside/ lmc / spanish _ harris /flags. htm
    • http://www. braser .com/ spanish -information/ spanish -speaking-countries.html
    • https://www. cia . gov /library/publications/the-world- factbook /
    • http://www.learn- spanish -help.com/flags-of- spanish -speaking-countries.html
    • http://www.national-anthems.net/south_and_north_ america /
    • Quiz Addresses _
    • http://www. purposegames .com/game/ spanish -speaking-countries-quiz
    • http://www. syvum .com/ cgi /online/serve. cgi /quiz/flags/flags_ spanish .html?question_hide
    • http://www. sheppardsoftware .com/South_America_Geography. htm