An Industrial and Urban Nation (1876 -1900) Chapter 19: pg. 576 - 603
Chapter Overview <ul><li>General themes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How America uses new inventions to become the biggest indust...
Section 1 Objectives <ul><li>From pg. 579 – 584 </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the developments that happened in the steel, oi...
Foldable activity – folding a paper to look like this . . . Steel Oil Electricity Important figure / figures Major company...
Steel Industry Steel Important figure / figures <ul><li>Henry Bessemer – Bessemer process </li></ul><ul><li>Andrew Carnegi...
Oil industry Oil Important figure / figures <ul><li>Benjamin Stillman – processing crude oil into kerosene </li></ul><ul><...
Electricity Industry Electricity Important figure / figures <ul><li>Thomas Edison – inventor </li></ul><ul><li>Alexander G...
Foldable activity <ul><li>Fold piece of paper in half horizontally </li></ul><ul><li>Fold paper in thirds vertically </li>...
First third -  New organization
Second Third –  New strategies Vertical integration  – owning the businesses involved with each step of production process...
Final Third – New attitudes
Turning point: Sherman Anti-Trust Act <ul><li>Where on this continuum line would you put yourself in response to this stat...
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An Industrial And Urban Nation (1876

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An Industrial And Urban Nation (1876

  1. 1. An Industrial and Urban Nation (1876 -1900) Chapter 19: pg. 576 - 603
  2. 2. Chapter Overview <ul><li>General themes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How America uses new inventions to become the biggest industrial power in the world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problems that this industrialization caused </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Progression through the chapter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Industrial Revolution – how did new inventions and methods make us an industrial power? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industrial workers – what effects did these new inventions and methods have on the working man? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Immigration – how did industrialization affect immigration? How did immigration affect the working man? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Populism – what effects did this have economically and politically? </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Section 1 Objectives <ul><li>From pg. 579 – 584 </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the developments that happened in the steel, oil, and electric industries during the Second Industrial Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the changes that occurred in the way that businesses were organized </li></ul><ul><li>Explain why the America people distrusted monopolies and what actions they took against them </li></ul>
  4. 4. Foldable activity – folding a paper to look like this . . . Steel Oil Electricity Important figure / figures Major company Major developments Effects of this industry
  5. 5. Steel Industry Steel Important figure / figures <ul><li>Henry Bessemer – Bessemer process </li></ul><ul><li>Andrew Carnegie – U.S. Steel </li></ul>Major company U.S. Steel Major developments Bessemer process – make a load of better steel in 10 minutes, not a day. Effects this had <ul><li>Steel production: 1870 – 77,000 tons, 1879 – 1 million tons </li></ul><ul><li>Cheap steel helped build railroads </li></ul><ul><li>Common items – nails, wire, pipe – made of steel </li></ul><ul><li>Steel for buildings – skyscrapers and steel-frame buildings </li></ul>
  6. 6. Oil industry Oil Important figure / figures <ul><li>Benjamin Stillman – processing crude oil into kerosene </li></ul><ul><li>Edwin Drake – oil wells </li></ul><ul><li>John D. Rockefeller – Standard Oil </li></ul><ul><li>Nikolaus Otto – gas-powered engine </li></ul>Major company Standard Oil Major developments <ul><li>Oil derricks – pump oil out of the ground </li></ul><ul><li>Gas powered engines – cars and planes </li></ul>Effects this had <ul><li>Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia produce millions of barrels a year </li></ul><ul><li>First practical car in 1893 </li></ul><ul><li>First airplane flight in 1903 – Wright Brothers </li></ul>
  7. 7. Electricity Industry Electricity Important figure / figures <ul><li>Thomas Edison – inventor </li></ul><ul><li>Alexander Graham Bell – telephone </li></ul>Major company General Electric Major developments <ul><li>Electric lightbulb in 1879 – Edison </li></ul><ul><li>Telephone in 1876 - Bell </li></ul>Effects this had <ul><li>Telegraph connects U.S. and Britain in 1861 </li></ul><ul><li>Some major cities lit by electricity in 1880s </li></ul><ul><li>Major cities connected by phone in 1890s </li></ul>
  8. 8. Foldable activity <ul><li>Fold piece of paper in half horizontally </li></ul><ul><li>Fold paper in thirds vertically </li></ul><ul><li>Cut through one part of the paper up to the halfway line </li></ul>
  9. 9. First third - New organization
  10. 10. Second Third – New strategies Vertical integration – owning the businesses involved with each step of production process Horizontal integration – owning all the businesses in a certain field Trust – companies acting together to eliminate competition, form a monopoly
  11. 11. Final Third – New attitudes
  12. 12. Turning point: Sherman Anti-Trust Act <ul><li>Where on this continuum line would you put yourself in response to this statement: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Monopolies – one company controlling an entire industry – should not be allowed.” </li></ul>Monopolies should be completely illegal Monopolies should be completely legal

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