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strategic plan for development of haiti


The Government of Haiti's social and economic development plan

The Government of Haiti's social and economic development plan

Published in Investor Relations
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  • 1. Key action areas for Haiti’s recovery and developmentA SUMMARY IN 10 QUESTIONSSTRATEGIC PLAN FOR THEDEVELOPMENT OF HAITI>> AN EMERGING COUNTRY In 2030Government ofthe Republic of HaitiMinistry of Planningand External Cooperation
  • 3. Technical supportA SUMMARY IN 10 QUESTIONSSTRATEGIC PLAN FOR THEDEVELOPMENT OF HAITI>> AN EMERGING COUNTRY In 2030Government ofthe Republic of HaitiMinistry of Planningand External Cooperation
  • 4. Péninsule de BaradèresGrande CayemiteÎle-à-la-TortueLa GonâveÎle-à-VacheCaribbean SeaAtlantic OceanCaribbean SeaDOMINICANREPUBLICPort-au-PrinceHincheJacmelJérémieGonaïvesMiragoâneLes CayesSaint-MarcMirebalaisCap-HaïtienPort-de-PaixFort-LibertéLimbéAquinBorgneBainetCorailLéogâneArcahaieVallièresMarmeladePlaisanceBaradèresBelle-AnseLascahobasDessalinesGros-MornePort-SalutOuanamintheLes CôteauxAnse-à-VeauTrou-du-NordAcul-du-NordAnse-à-GaletsSaint-RaphaëlChardonnièresCerca La SourceAnse-d’HainaultMôle Saint-NicolasCroix-des-BouquetsSaint-Louis-du-NordGrande-Rivière-du-NordDÉPARTEMENTDE LARTIBONITEDÉPARTEMENTDE LOUESTDÉPARTEMENTDU CENTREDÉPARTEMENTDU SUDDÉPARTEMENTDU NORDDÉPARTEMENTDU NORD-ESTDÉPARTEMENTDU SUD-ESTDÉPARTEMENTDU NORD-OUESTDÉPARTEMENTDE LA GRANDE-ANSEDÉPARTEMENTDES NIPPESCarte générSeat ofgovernmentDépartment ArrondissementLimits National Départemental ArrondissementSource :CNIGS and Groupe IBI/DAA Inc.Projection : UTM Zone 18N. Datum : WGS84
  • 5. 1. Why a Strategic Plan for the Development of Haiti?2. What is the underlying vision?3. What strategy to guide the development of the country?4. Which commitments drive the rebuilding of Haiti?5. What are the action areas of the Strategic Plan?6. What is in the action plan for territorial rebuilding?7. What is in the action plan for economic rebuilding?8. What is in the action plan for social rebuilding?9. What is in the action plan for institutional rebuilding?10. How to make a success out of such a major rebuilding project?a SUMMARY IN 10 QUESTIONs of the STRATEGIC PLAN FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF HAITI - an EMERGING COUNTRY in 2030SUMMARY IN 10 QUESTIONS1
  • 7. a SUMMARY IN 10 QUESTIONs of the STRATEGIC PLAN FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF HAITI - an EMERGING COUNTRY in 2030In New York on March 31, 2010, Haiti’s international partners accepted the principle of long-term supportfor the reconstruction of the country, based on the Action Plan for the Recovery and Development of Haiti– APRDH (Plan d’action pour le relèvement et le développement d’Haiti – PARDH). The focus of this planwas on the immediate reconstruction needs viewed in a long-term development perspective.This document, the Strategic Plan for the Development of Haiti – SPDH (Plan stratégique de développementd’Haiti – PSDH), expands and details this long term perspective.Haiti has missed several historic opportunities and squandered many of its assets. Today, a Strategic Planis vital to the country for three reasons:»» first, to structure initiatives: set the course to be followed to permanently extract the country from itscurrent state of underdevelopment;»» also to mobilize and bring actors together around a common strategy; and»» finally, to better coordinate and ensure coherence between the numerous initiatives in support ofHaiti’s development.The Strategic Plan for the Development of Haiti was developed in the context of the Paris Declaration onthe effectiveness of development aid, which specifically proposes that:»» each country have full control over their development strategies and policies, and over the coordinationof development initiatives; and»» donors base all their support on the country’s development strategies.>>  WHY A STRATEGIC PLAN FOR THEDEVELOPMENT OF HAITI?no13
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  • 9. The long term vision behind the development of Haiti is centered on rebuilding the Nation, turning theJanuary 12, 2010 disaster into an opportunity for Haiti to become an emerging country in 2030. Rebuildingefforts will give birth to:»» a fair, just, united and inclusive society, living in harmony with its environment and culture; a modernsociety where the rule of law, freedom of association and of expression, and land management arewell established;»» a society with a modern, diversified, enduring, dynamic, competitive, open and inclusive economybased on the land;»» a society in which people’s basic needs are met, both quantitatively and qualitatively;»» a knowledge-based society where the new citizens needed to rebuild the country all have access tobasic education, to mastered qualifications gained through a relevant vocational education system,and to the scientific and technical innovation capacity provided by a modern and efficient universitysystem;»» all of this, under the supervision of a responsible, unitary state committed to justice and the interests ofthe people, and a strong commitment to regionalization and decentralization.>>  WHAT IS THE UNDERLYING VISION?no2a SUMMARY IN 10 QUESTIONs of the STRATEGIC PLAN FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF HAITI - an EMERGING COUNTRY in 2030 5
  • 10. 6
  • 11. Implementation of the long-term development vision for Haiti calls for the incremental and progressiveapplication of territorial, economic, social, institutional and demographic policies, as well as for concertedinitiatives aimed at generating wealth and at reducing all forms of vulnerability. The State has a major roleto play, supported by its economic and financial partners, but its citizens are the key actors of nationalreconstruction. All are expected to commit personally, through their work or investments, or through theirlife choices and the way they interact, their consumer behavior and their involvement in the community.State and citizens alike shall show commitment to the social goals by behaving and acting in the bestinterests of the community.The development strategy requires:»» defining the basic conditions for a quick and sustainable return to economic growth in the country;»» identifying factors of development that need to be activated to maximize positive impacts for as manypeople as possible in all parts the country;»» progressively diversifying the use of these development factors;»» regularly gauging factors, in response to results attained, so as to engage the dynamics of technical,economic and social progress.>>  WHAT STRATEGY TO GUIDE THEDEVELOPMENT OF THE COUNTRY?no3a SUMMARY IN 10 QUESTIONs of the STRATEGIC PLAN FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF HAITI - an EMERGING COUNTRY in 2030 7
  • 12. Territorial rebuildingPIP2010-2011PIP2011-2012tree-yearPLAN3YIP2024-2027YEARLYPIPtree-yearPLAN3YIP2027-2030YEARLYPIPeconomic rebuilding social rebuilding institutional rebuildingtree-yearPLAN3YIP2030-2033YEARLYPIPlong term visionaction areas for the rebuilding and development of haititree-yearPLAN3YIP2015-2018YEARLYPIPtree-yearPLAN3YIP2018-2021YEARLYPIPtree-yearPLAN3YIP2021-2024YEARLYPIPtree-yearPLAN3YIP2012-2015YEARLYPIPApril2010October2012APRDH development period Reconstruction and rebuilding period, Haiti as an emerging country.the new framework for planning, programmingand managing the development of the spdhOctober20338
  • 13. a SUMMARY IN 10 QUESTIONs of the STRATEGIC PLAN FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF HAITI - an EMERGING COUNTRY in 2030Furthermore, the development strategy urges immediate action on the on-going expanding demography,which is exerting unsustainable pressure on natural resources and the environment, as well as oninfrastructure, facilities and housing supply. In the short, medium and long term, this expansion of populationwill curb, if not jeopardize, the fair distribution of gains from economic growth, no matter how high. Actionsrequired include:»» striking a better balance between the demographic distribution and economic activity;»» identifying the factors capable of limiting demographic growth and addressing those factors; and»» targeting actions facilitating the use of the active labour force to generate wealth and employment and,through better gender equality and the young, bringing about social change.Commitment is needed towards land reform, economic partnerships, access to basic social services, theprotection and development of the country’s key cultural and natural heritage, and efficient institutionalreform. These commitments are essential and true prerequisites if Haiti is to succeed in becoming anemerging country. Transverse targets are also needed to achieve socioeconomic recovery, to properlymanage risk and the struggle against exclusion, while mobilizing each and every stakeholder.9
  • 14. 0 25 5012.5 KilometersSource :MPCE and Groupe IBI/DAA Inc.Base map uses CNIGS informationProjection : UTM Zone 18 N. Datum : WGS84Departemental limitArrondissement limitNational development poleKey regional development poleRegional development poleLocal development poleDÉPARTEMENTDU NORD-OUESTDÉPARTEMENTDU NORDDÉPARTEMENTDU NORD-ESTDÉPARTEMENTD’ARTIBONITEDÉPARTEMENTDU CENTREDÉPARTEMENTDE L’OUESTDÉPARTEMENTDU SUD-ESTDÉPARTEMENTDES NIPPESDÉPARTEMENTDU SUDDÉPARTEMENTDE LA GRANDE-ANSEMôle-Saint-NicolasÎle-de-la-TortueLa GonâveSaint-Louis-du-NordBorgneGros MorneLimbéAcul-du-NordPlaisanceDessalinesLascahobasArcahaieAnse-à-GaletsCroix-des-BouquetsLéogâneBelle-AnseBainetAquinPort-SalutLes CôteauxAnse-d’HainaultCorailBaradèresSaint-RaphaëlGrande-Rivière-du-NordVallièresTrou-du-NordDominicanRepublicÎle-à-VacheChardonnièresMarmeladeCerca La SourcePointe-à-RaquettePort-de-PaixCAP-HAÏTIENMirebalaisSaint-MarcPORT-AU-PRINCEJacmelLES CAYESJérémieAnse-à-VeauMiragoâneGONAÏVESHINCHEFort-LibertéOuanamintheHAITI’SdEvelopment POLES10
  • 15. The Strategic Plan for the Development of Haiti focuses on:»» the generation of wealth and job creation as the key prerequisite to assure environmental protectionand social development;»» the private sector (national, regional and international) as the prime producer of wealth and jobs;»» providing basic services to the population, a potential stream of wealth generation and job creation;»» targeting discreet regional development centres and opting for a region-based approach to organizeand balance socioeconomic and land use development;»» using the Arrondissement as the territorial base for local land planning and development, and its seatof government as the focus for local development;»» social inclusion in all its various forms and, specifically, to create opportunities for young people,women and peasants;»» a development strategy for economic growth that is strong and sustainable, and supportive of theefforts of national and local actors; and»» the building of a robust regionalized and decentralized State that will be the centerpiece of a newnational alliance.>>  WHICH COMMITMENTS DRIVE THEREBUILDING OF HAITI?no4a SUMMARY IN 10 QUESTIONs of the STRATEGIC PLAN FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF HAITI - an EMERGING COUNTRY in 2030 11
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  • 17. The Strategic Plan for Development of Haiti will address four major “action areas”:TERRITORIAL REBUILDINGECONOMIC REBUILDINGSOCIAL REBUILDINGINSTITUTIONAL REBUILDINGEach action area includes seven to nine programs and each program is broken down into sub-programs.In total, the Strategic Plan includes 32 programs and approximately 150 sub-programs.>>>>>>>> >>  WHAT ARE THE ACTION AREAS OF THESTRATEGIC PLAN?no5a SUMMARY IN 10 QUESTIONs of the STRATEGIC PLAN FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF HAITI - an EMERGING COUNTRY in 2030 13
  • 18. 1. Territorial rebuilding2. economic rebuildingProgram 1.1 : Plan and develop the territoryProgram 1.2 : Exercise control over the environmentProgram 1.3 : Manage watershedsProgram 1.4 : Rehabilitate urban areasProgram 1.5 : Build a nationwide transportation systemProgram 1.6 : Improve access to electricityProgram 1.7 : Pursue the expansion of communication and digital networksProgram 1.8 : Extend water supply and sanitation servicesProgram 2.2 : Modernize and revitalize agriculture and livestock productionProgram 2.3 : Modernize and revitalize the fisheries industryProgram 2.4 : Support industrial developmentProgram 2.7 : Develop mineral and energy resourcesProgram 2.1 : Implement proactive governance centered on accelerated and balanced economic growthProgram 2.5 : Modernize and revitalize the service sectorProgram 2.8 : Develop employmentProgram 2.6 : Support the development of tourismaction areas PROGRAMSaction areas and programs forthe recovery and development of haiti14
  • 19. a SUMMARY IN 10 QUESTIONs of the STRATEGIC PLAN FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF HAITI - an EMERGING COUNTRY in 20303. social rebuilding4. institutional rebuildingProgram 4.2 : Reinforce the country’s democratic institutionsProgram 4.3 : Modernize central administrationProgram 4.4 : Modernize regionalized administrationProgram 4.5 : DecentralizeProgram 4.6 : Involve civil societyProgram 4.7 : Reinforce the administration of justice and law enforcementProgram 4.1 : Revise the legal frameworkProgram 3.1 : Reinforce higher education, vocational and technical trainingProgram 3.2 : Improve access to preschool, elementary and secondary schoolProgram 3.3 : Improve access to healthcare servicesProgram 3.4 : Protect cultural heritage and support cultural productionProgram 3.5 : Facilitate access to housingProgram 3.6 : Develop community action, sports, recreation and youth servicesProgram 3.7 : Implement a social insurance system for all workersProgram 3.8 : Facilitate social supportProgram 3.9 : Foster gender equalityaction areas PROGRAMS15
  • 20. This action plan is aimed at fostering a rational use of land in both urban and rural areas, andimplementing infrastructure and facilities that are essential to national, regional and local economic andsocial development, while ensuring sustainability in the long term. Indeed, current economic and urbandevelopment practices are compromising future development by depleting the environment and naturalresources and aggravating the economic and social impacts associated with natural disasters.>>  WHAT IS IN THE ACTION PLANFOR TERRITORIAL REBUILDING?no616
  • 21. The action plan for territorial rebuilding calls for programs and projects linked with regional andurban planning, community development, environmental protection, watershed rehabilitation,urban renewal, national transportation systems, nationwide electricity distribution, expansion oftelecommunication systems and the creation of a national digital network, as well as improvingdrinking water supply and sanitation capacities, including solid waste management.Territorial rebuildinga SUMMARY IN 10 QUESTIONs of the STRATEGIC PLAN FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF HAITI - an EMERGING COUNTRY in 2030 17
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  • 23. THE ACTION PLAN FOR TERRITORIAL REBUILDINGINCLUDES EIGHT PROGRAMS:1. Plan and develop the territoryThe rational use of land and the balanced distribution of economic activity require planning and managementtools adapted to various territorial contexts. In addition to the Strategic Plan for the Development ofHaiti, an island-wide action strategy, a national land-use structure plan is called for, as well as regionaldevelopment strategies, local development and land-use schemes, and urban and rural community plans.Priorities for land use planning and development need to be based on a deeper understanding of siteconditions, including natural and man-made risks.2. Exercise control over the environmentExtreme environmental deterioration is harming agriculture and livestock production, as well as Haiti’sfisheries. It is compromising the potential for tourism and is having a direct impact on the population’shealth, housing and living conditions. The actions identified target environmental protection and physicalsecurity (pollution control), the creation of protected areas, the restoration of natural environments and themanagement of forest resources.3. Manage watershedsHaiti has approximately thirty watersheds where runoff, forest management and agriculture areinterdependent. When natural disasters occur, poor management of one of these resources results indeterioration of the others, with drastic consequences for the population, as well as the infrastructure andthe economy. Targeted priorities include the protection of catchment basins, construction of flood controlstructures, dredging of rivers and drainage channels and contingency plans for the rainy and hurricaneseasons.a SUMMARY IN 10 QUESTIONs of the STRATEGIC PLAN FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF HAITI - an EMERGING COUNTRY in 2030 19
  • 24. 4. Rehabilitate urban areasThere is a dual challenge here: to rebuild cities affected by natural disasters andimprove living conditions while rebalancing the country’s demography in order toreduce pressure on Port-au-Prince. Therefore urban rehabilitation is needed inregional and local development poles, in buffer cities absorbing the flow of migration,and in some designated heritage districts and border cities.5. Build a nationwide transportation systemThe inter modal connections, the quality and the maintenance of Haiti’s transportationsystem, including roads, ports and airports, are weak, thus hindering the movementof goods and people and trade activity, both internally and externally. The nationalroad network needs to be completed, better linked with local networks, and city andintercity traffic improved. Reliable connections must be established with the country’smain islands and additional airport and port infrastructures developed.6. Improve access to electricityThe lack of access to electricity constitutes a major limitation to economicdevelopment and to the population’s quality of life. Before the earthquake, energysupply was concentrated in some parts of the country and largely insufficient to meetdemand. After, capacities were significantly diminished in affected areas. The actionsidentified will increase production, transportation and distribution capacity, as well asimprove the commercialization of electricity. Other actions will facilitate developmentof the country’s renewable energy capacities.20
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  • 27. 7. Pursue the expansion of communication and digital networksMobile telephone and internet services offer enormous opportunities for economic and social development(social and territorial inclusion, risk management, real-time market intelligence, climate and trafficconditions, e-commerce, access to public services, distance training, democracy, etc…) The aim is toincrease the country’s connectivity, to develop internet use in public and community services, to create anetwork of multimedia centres and to support production and distribution of domestic content.8. Extend water supply and sanitation servicesBefore the earthquake, Haiti’s potable water, sanitation and solid waste management were in an alarmingstate. The demographic explosion over the last twenty years has created significant demand, particularly inurban areas where unplanned and chaotic urbanization is the rule. This program includes the constructionand rehabilitation of potable water and sanitation networks (runoff and wastewater) and the improvementor implementation of solid waste management systems.a SUMMARY IN 10 QUESTIONs of the STRATEGIC PLAN FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF HAITI - an EMERGING COUNTRY in 2030 23
  • 28. For Haiti to reach to reach the average personal income level of “lower-middle income countries” accordingto the World Bank classification system, the annual growth rate of the country’s national income must reachabout 10%, considering its demographic growth estimated at about 1.5% per year between 2011 and2031. Structural reforms are required to achieve a dynamic and sustained economic growth. In additionto macroeconomic stabilization policies and economic governance reforms, significant efforts are neededto modernize economic sectors, to create wealth and employment, to increase personal income and tostimulate the private sector. These efforts will help stabilize population and increase food security, whilereducing pressure on the environment and on natural resources.>>  WHAT IS IN THE ACTION PLAN FORECONOMIC REBUILDING?no724
  • 29. The action plan for economic rebuilding focuses on the implementation of a macroeconomicdevelopment policy; support to private investment; modernization and revitalization of agriculture,livestock and fisheries production; upgrading the competitive sectors of the Haitian economy,such as manufacturing and the tourism industry; implementing a true construction industry;developing the service sector; ensuring the sustainable exploitation of geological resources;and implementing employment generating projects.Economic rebuildinga SUMMARY IN 10 QUESTIONs of the STRATEGIC PLAN FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF HAITI - an EMERGING COUNTRY in 2030 25
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  • 31. THE ACTION PLAN FOR ECONOMIC REBUILDING INCLUDESEIGHT PROGRAMS:1. Implement proactive governance centered on accelerated and balancedeconomic growthGovernment action is essential to accelerated and balanced economic growth. With this in mind, it isimperative to control inflation, to increase Government revenues through more efficient tax and dutycollection, to improve public expenditures and to actively pursue private investment. Actions favoropenness and partnerships, directed budget, taxation and monetary policies, reinforcement of the financialsystem and the support to private investment.2. Modernize and revitalize agriculture and livestock productionAgriculture is responsible for eighty percent of employment in rural areas and its contribution to the GDPis estimated at about 25%. However, productivity is weak and the country is no longer self-sufficient.Priorities include diversifying and enhancing plant and animal production, distributing agricultural suppliesand inputs or providing financial assistance for their purchase, building and rehabilitating irrigationsystems, creating a storage chain for agricultural inputs and products, and building slaughterhouses andcold storage facilities for meat production.3. Modernize and revitalize the fisheries industryFisheries contribute to the stability of a number of local economies. It is also a means of improving foodsupply, both qualitatively and quantitatively. Fishing practices must be modernized, and access to fisherysupplies and inputs must be ensured. This includes fish aggregating devices, hillside ponds, fish pondsand aquaculture farms, as well as cold storage facilities to facilitate development and sustain the resource.a SUMMARY IN 10 QUESTIONs of the STRATEGIC PLAN FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF HAITI - an EMERGING COUNTRY in 2030 27
  • 32. 4. Support industrial developmentOn-site processing is insufficient for most agricultural production. This restrictsthe possibility of added value and export. Various trade agreements, including theHELP law, provide employment opportunities, particularly in the textile industry.The same is true of reconstruction efforts relative to the development of capableconstruction businesses. Targeted actions focus on the development of the agro-processing industry, the creation of industrial/manufacturing zones, the developmentof a construction industry and easier access procedures to credit guarantees forentrepreneurs.5. Modernize and revitalize the service sectorHaiti’s service sector is labour intensive, but rather inefficient. Operations aresometimes quite informal. Access to services is a challenge and spaces oftenunsanitary or otherwise inadequate. Priorities include access to insurance, thecreation of a national purchasing office for agricultural production, the constructionof convention and exhibition centres, the construction or rehabilitation of publicmarkets, the development of formal commercial streets and shopping centres, andsupport for the relocation and reorganization of on street service providers.6. Support the development of tourismHaiti has the potential of other beach destinations in the Caribbean with the addedvalue of its own distinct character. Only the cruise ship industry is active at this time.Significant challenges must be addressed if the country is to see the developmentof sea-side resorts, ecotourism, cultural and adventure tours, as well as pleasureboating and cruise ship activity.28
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  • 35. 7. Develop mineral and energy resourcesSurface and underground mineral and energy resources are present in Haiti. Their rational exploitationcould make a significant contribution to the country’s development. Prospection, exploration and miningactivity must be encouraged, while control is imposed on unplanned and uncontrolled exploitation ofquarries. Exploration also has to be pursued for potential exploitation of fossil coal, oil and gas8. Develop employmentJob creation is essential to Haiti’s development. The labour market must be structured and reinforced and,in the short and medium terms, regular employment for a great number of workers must be sustained inorder to reduce poverty. Priorities include the creation of a forum of labour market partners, maximizinglabour content in public works projects, implementing labour-intensive work projects and improving workforce productivity and employability.a SUMMARY IN 10 QUESTIONs of the STRATEGIC PLAN FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF HAITI - an EMERGING COUNTRY in 2030 31
  • 36. Although the level of some of Haiti’s social indicators have improved over the past few years, they stillremain unsatisfactory, and the earthquake has only worsened the situation. In order to enhance livingconditions and the quality of life for most people, access to and the quality of social and cultural programsmust increase significantly, and a more equitable integration of the various segments of the populationmust be achieved. The provision of basic services must cover all regions of the country. The actions tobe undertaken under this action plan will contribute to the consolidation of development centres, improvehousing conditions, facilitate social inclusion, the creation of wealth and employment, and accelerate theexpansion of the middle class.>>  WHAT IS IN THE ACTIONPLAN FORSOCIAL REBUILDING?no832
  • 37. The action plan for social rebuilding includes the development of a network of modern healthcareand education facilities throughout Haiti, including higher education, professional and vocationaltraining. Social programs include heritage protection and arts support measures, better accessto housing, the development of civic action and sports and recreation opportunities, theimplementation of a social insurance system for all workers, the organization of social solidarityand a gender equality program.Social rebuildinga SUMMARY IN 10 QUESTIONs of the STRATEGIC PLAN FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF HAITI - an EMERGING COUNTRY in 2030 33
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  • 39. a SUMMARY IN 10 QUESTIONs of the STRATEGIC PLAN FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF HAITI - an EMERGING COUNTRY in 2030THE ACTION PLAN FOR SOCIAL REBUILDING INCLUDESNINE PROGRAMS:1. Reinforce higher education, vocational and technical trainingA total restructuring of the education sector is needed in order to adapt to Haiti’s requirements as an emergingcountry and to enhance the targeted development poles. The aim is to establish networks of universityfacilities in these poles, as well as regional networks of vocational and technical training institutions, a fundsupporting research and innovation and a system of specialized scholarships.2. Improve access to preschool, elementary and secondary schoolThe shortfalls in this sector are significant and include an insufficient number of spaces, quite average qualityof education, poorly motivated instructors, etc... The need is there for a network of daycare, preschool,elementary school, high school, as well as facilities for the a network of Professional Teaching CertificationSchools (Écoles d’Application et Certification d’Aptitudes Professionnelles à l’Enseignement). Also neededare special classes for over-aged children, for those who are not integrated into the system, as well as schoollunch programs. The education system must also cater to the very young, eliminate illiteracy and promotegender equality.3. Improve access to healthcare servicesHealthcare in Haiti is precarious. Infant and maternal mortality rates are high and a number of diseases affectlarge sectors of the population. The healthcare system provides insufficient coverage which is aggravatedby poor distribution of human resources. Priorities include University Hospitals, Regional hospitals (Hôpitauxcommunautaires de reference), community health facilities, as well as inpatient and outpatient care centres(Centres de santé avec et sans lits). Programs are needed to combat endemic diseases and epidemics,to implement school health programs, to identify at-risk populations and to reinforce public health andpopulation policies.35
  • 40. 4. Protect cultural heritage and support cultural productionCulture is an integral part of national and local development. It has both a social and aneconomic value that must be capitalized upon. Projects to be undertaken include theimplementation of a plan for protecting and enhancing cultural heritage, the creation ofregional national archive offices and facilities networks, and the creation of a culturaldevelopment fund.5. Facilitate access to housingFinancial means and an unsuitable legal framework limit access to housing in Haiti.This is compounded by site development practices, land title uncertainties, poorconstruction standards, as well as limited access to financing and arcane administrativeprocesses. Priorities in this program include relocating internally displaced persons,increasing the supply of serviced urban building lots and creating a financial supportsystem for housing.6. Develop community action, sports, recreation and youth servicesCitizen education, sports, recreation and youth development programs are important forsocial integration and for improving the conditions and quality of life. Program prioritiesinclude developing civic engagement, construction of multisport and recreation centres,developing sports in schools and the promotion of sports for all, including activities forathletes with disabilities. The focus is on youth protection and training.36
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  • 43. a SUMMARY IN 10 QUESTIONs of the STRATEGIC PLAN FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF HAITI - an EMERGING COUNTRY in 20307. Implement a social insurance system for all workersThe development of an expanded social insurance system is planned for the formal and informal sectors ofthe economy. This social safety net is to help the population address the risks of the labour market (work-related illnesses and accidents, unemployment, retirement and death) or to compensate social expendituresthat are not otherwise covered. The aim is to protect workers against the loss of wages or of layoffs andmaking the formal labour market more attractive and flexible.8. Facilitate social supportSocial support programs must be available to the most disadvantaged to help them face temporary orpermanent problems. To this end, facilities will be built to accommodate children social integration programs,special education and social-medical services for maladapted children, protected workshops for the disabled,shelters for dependent adults, and for women and children who are victims of violence.9. Foster gender equalityGender equality and women’s empowerment are essential to ensuring social development, strengthening theeconomy and reducing poverty. Project targets will include implementing a gender equality policy, reinforcingthe legal framework, producing and disseminating information on gender equality, enhancing women’sparticipation in economic and community development, and fighting against gender-based violence.39
  • 44. The 2010 earthquake has had a serious impact on Haiti’s institutional and administrative structures whichwere already fragile, because they were ill-equipped, poorly organized and insufficiently involved in societyas well as throughout the land. Today’s challenges include improving physical working conditions and theavailability of qualified human resources, as well as organizing and reinforcing political and administrativecapacities. The State must be strong, regionalized and decentralized. It must integrate the cultureof transparency and accountability into its work ethic to fight public sector corruption. The legal andregulatory framework must be adapted to the needs of government, including improved land management,guaranteed protection of private property, socio-economic progress and land-use planning. Lastly, thenecessary partnership between public sector players and organized civil society groups must be reinforced.>>  WHAT IS IN THE ACTION PLAN FORINSTITUTIONAL REBUILDING?no940
  • 45. The action plan for institutional rebuilding includes revising the legal framework, reinforcingthe administrative structures of the legislative and judicial branches, and of the independentinstitutions, modernizing the civil service, including law enforcement and public security,increasing the number of regional civil service employees, and reinforcing local governmentadministrations and civil society.Institutional rebuildinga SUMMARY IN 10 QUESTIONs of the STRATEGIC PLAN FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF HAITI - an EMERGING COUNTRY in 2030 41
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  • 47. a SUMMARY IN 10 QUESTIONs of the STRATEGIC PLAN FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF HAITI - an EMERGING COUNTRY in 2030THE ACTION PLAN FOR INSTITUTIONAL REBUILDING INCLUDESSEVEN PROGRAMS:1. Revise the legal frameworkHHaiti’s practices of political, social, economic and territorial governance are still ineffective, dysfunctional,or archaic. In revising the legal framework, priority will go to the right of citizenship, and to legislationon business, civil society, regional development and land use planning. In addition, the enactment of acontinued process for revising the Constitution should help establish a balance between the three majorbranches of government and improve administrative governance.2. Reinforce the country’s democratic institutionsThe country’s institutions suffered heavy human loss and significant material damage in the earthquake,while several were already functioning under difficult conditions. Normal operations must be re-establishedfor the Parliament and its independent institutions. In addition their political and administrative capacitiesmust be reinforced. Financing of the election program must be ensured, and the National Office forIdentification and the Civil Registry must be strengthened.3. Modernize central administrationThe future of Haiti depends on the level of professionalism within its public administration. As a first step,the public sector must be relocated in permanent facilities and properly equipped. At the same time, publicadministration must be reengineered around three key functions (strategic planning, regulation and servicedelivery), civil service reconstruction must be accelerated (training plan, program for integrating membersof the Diaspora, staffing) and the central administration must have access to institutional reinforcementprograms.43
  • 48. 4. Modernize regionalized administrationPeople and businesses must have better access to public services throughout the country. Therefore,Government services must be functionally regionalized and administrative facilities modernized in 12regional poles and 42 local development poles. Priorities include the construction of administrative centresthat will be properly equipped, with adequate staff having appropriate skills sets and training for theirdesignated functions.5. DecentralizeDespite the consensus about the need for decentralization, the organization and implementation oflocal governments has met a number of obstacles. Nonetheless, these bodies must participate in thedevelopment process, the delivery of services to the people and the resolution of problems associated withtheir area of responsibility or with responsibilities shared with central Government departments. Prioritieswill focus on the construction and equipment of administrative centres, additional human resources, thecreation of local planning and development committees, improving local sources of revenue and staffcapacity development.6. Involve civil societyA coordinated mobilization of all public sector and civil society actors (the private sector, NGOs, foundations,cooperatives, associations) is vital to Haiti’s development. The desired partnerships will deal with theplanning and the funding of economic development and land-use projects, as well as the implementationand operation of infrastructures, facilities and services. Priority is given to organizing and coordinating withcivil society partners and to the financing of development projects.7. Reinforce the administration of justice and law enforcementReinforcing the administration of justice and law enforcement is critical to the emergence of Haiti. Prioritiesinclude reinforcing the network of court houses and law enforcement establishments, emergency andfire response, and the network of prisons and jails. Programs also address the institution of a new armedforce, the establishment of a national system of legal assistance, the certification of judicial officials andthe protection of land tenure rights.44
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  • 51. Consensus. Success for the Strategic Plan calls for national actors, both public and private, as well as allof Haiti’s international partners in development to share the goals of the Plan which are:»» to organize Haiti based on regional and local development poles with a view to distributing growthopportunities and providing better planning for development;»» to provide conditions that are favorable to private investment, to job creation and to social engagement,thanks to a rapid improvement of the business environment, justice and law enforcement, throughshort term legislative reform addressing existing legal and administrative constraints;»» to provide a quick response to basic social needs and to the protection of the remaining significantnatural and cultural heritage sites, thanks to the engaging response of the international partnerstowards the management and financing of projects; and»» to address the improvement of governance quickly and in a targeted fashion at all territorial levels, whileregionalizing and decentralizing public administration, and increasing the participation of civil society.The will to change. To meet the challenge of rebuilding Haiti, the actors of development and their partnersmust do more, faster, better and differently. All are called to contribute, each in their capacity, to theexpected outcome of a proactive and coordinated action plan. A management team will be needed, publicpolicies adjusted, business plans and budget programs prepared to meet the guidelines of the StrategicPlan for the Development of Haiti.>>  HOW TO MAKE A SUCCESS OUT OF SUCHA MAJOR REBUILDING PROJECT?no10a SUMMARY IN 10 QUESTIONs of the STRATEGIC PLAN FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF HAITI - an EMERGING COUNTRY in 2030 47
  • 52. Financing. Success also depends on a financing strategy adapted to the goals and objectives of theStrategic Plan. Taxation will have to be concurrent with the strategic targets. In addition, as the tax baseexpands, tax collection will be more effective. New sources of revenue will be created by developingrecognized economic opportunities, such as mineral resources, land development and tourism. Thesewill be in addition to efforts deployed to develop the manufacturing sector. Moreover, keeping in mind thepublic interest, the volume of foreign and domestic private investment in facilities and infrastructure will needto be increased to generate additional financial resources. Positive experiences in this area have alreadybeen seen in Haiti. Lastly, a short- and medium-term increase in budget support to Haiti is required tosecure minimum social solidarity with the most disadvantaged, and to protect the last surviving treasuresof the country’s natural and cultural heritage.Monitoring. The implementation of the Strategic Plan will be monitored using economic and socialindicators that will be made public and widely shared with the various partners. Beyond implementingvarious programs, the actors of development must acknowledge the importance of achieving more cross-discipline targets aiming at the elimination of the causes of exclusion (employment, housing, food security,gender equality, integrating young people and the disabled), managing risks and managing land reform.These aspects must be internalized at the conceptual phase of all projects.Public consultation. A version of the Strategic Plan for the Development of Haiti is presently submittedfor consultation with the Haitian people, with members of the Diaspora and with international developmentpartners. The consultation process initiated will be completed in stages over several months. It will facilitatethe participation of all in upcoming government decisions relative to initiatives to be implemented to rebuildthe country. The consultation process will lead to a revision of the Strategic Plan based on feedbackreceived.The final version of the Strategic Plan for the Development of Haiti is a true action plan aimedat helping the country’s current and future authorities guide development and allocate publicinvestments based on their own priorities. It will serve as a reference for programming short-,medium and long-term investments. The programs and subprograms will be prioritized accordingly,within three-year investment programs.48