Scholarship in a connected world: New ways to know, new ways to show

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Talk given at the University of Pretoria e-Learning Seminar, 08-09 June 2011

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Scholarship in a connected world: New ways to know, new ways to show

  1. 1. Scholarship in a connected world New ways to know, new ways to show Prof Derek W. Keats Deputy Vice Chancellor (Knowledge & Information Management) The University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg http://kim.wits.ac.za [email_address] http://gigaom.com/2010/12/14/facebook-draws-a-map-of-the-connected-world/
  2. 2. Disclaimer Researcher Photographer Programmer Institutional I am a geek
  3. 3. <BACKDROP>
  4. 4. 1972 20 th Century
  5. 5. I grew up in Gambo, a small town 300 km from the Newfoundland capital, St. John's
  6. 6. One month after my 17 th birthday I had to leave Gambo and travel down the Trans Canada Highway ... to St. John's ...
  7. 7. ... to study Marine Biology at Memorial University of Newfoundland
  8. 8. The library aggregated scarce content resources into a physical location Aggregation Scarcity
  9. 9. Education as an industrial process - Graham Attwell Aggregation Scarcity
  10. 11. Traditional libraries aggregate scarce content resources ...and do things that enable people to locate and use them
  11. 12. What is scarce in the 21 st Century?
  12. 13. Places to learn Spaces to learn Things to learn from
  13. 14. ABUNDANCE Places to learn Spaces to learn Things to learn from
  14. 15. My job here Adapting to a world of abundance Importance of librarians Thinking beyond traditional services Being proactive regarding innovation and research being a more effective research partner Providing information literacy for a better undergraduate learning experience
  15. 16. </BACKDROP> <ACT>
  16. 17. 4 areas Ubiquitous computing The social academic Research data Free and Open vs secret science secret science
  17. 18. In the ancient world of the 20 th Century Computers were big! People went to computers People used computers for really dumb tasks such as... Browsing the web Word processing Reading email
  18. 21. a &quot; web of data &quot; that enables machines to understand the meaning of information on the World Wide Web
  19. 22. Cloud computing Public cloud Private cloud Virtualization Utility computing Software & hardware as services storage processing
  20. 23. What are we doing at Wits Campus wide Wi-Fi Cloud initiative Mobile library access Student Ownership Mobility project Extensive eResources
  21. 24. When did you last go here for information?
  22. 25. 4 areas Ubiquitous computing The social academic Research data Free and Open vs secret science secret science Researcher
  23. 26. The Social Network
  24. 27. The Social Network The social academic
  25. 31. Educational Technology
  26. 33. Not particularly linked to scholarship
  27. 34. Social networking and semantic web e.g. for researchers Crowdsourced curation of research papers
  28. 36. The more of your own work you put in the more valuable the system becomes to others Which means The more valuable it is to you
  29. 37. Group
  30. 38. Articles in the group MyOpenArchive
  31. 39. People in the group MyOpenArchive
  32. 40. The web interface Integration
  33. 41. Computer and Information Literacy 3898 groups
  34. 42. Closed group: ask to join 99+ users 18 papers
  35. 45. Most read articles Most read authors
  36. 46. Activity streams
  37. 47. Your own activity streams
  38. 49. Open APIs
  39. 50. 4 areas Ubiquitous computing The social academic Research data Free and Open vs secret science secret science
  40. 52. http://www.flickr.com/photos/pulpolux/780345833/ Under BY-NC license Data archiving and curation Research funders data management, preservation or sharing plans at application time
  41. 53. http://www.flickr.com/photos/theunquietlibrary/4388142516/ BY-SA License Students access to original data
  42. 54. http://www.flickr.com/photos/iita-media-library/4923066809/ BY-SA License Researchers have access to data for combination and analysis
  43. 55. Data archiving librarian – new role
  44. 56. Linked data Using the Web to connect related data Extends http and URIs Data can be read automatically by computers Data fm different sources can be connected & queried You don't have to be human to access and use it
  45. 57. Linked open data Semantic web: a &quot; web of data &quot; that enables machines to understand the of information on the World Wide Web New insights for researchers by analysing linked open data All researchers an be Hans Roslings
  46. 58. Linked open data Semantic web: a &quot; web of data &quot; that enables machines to understand the of information on the World Wide Web New insights for researchers by analysing linked open data All researchers an be Hans Roslings
  47. 59. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Lod-datasets_2010-09-22_colored.png Linked Open Data datasets as of 2010-09-22 LOD2 project You don't have to be human to access and use it You don't even need to know it exists
  48. 60. SELECT description FROM http://WIKISPECIES_DATA WHERE species='Gadus morhua' JOIN species FROM locate , read ( DISTRIBITION_DATA , cod OR codfish) JOIN species FROM locate , read ( CATCH_DATA , cod OR codfish) INFER population_size FROM locate , read , textanalyse ( HISTORICAL_DESCRIPTION , cod OR CODFISH) FOR 1600 TO 2011 PLOT RELATIONSHIP catch_data X fishing_rate ANIMATE bubble_size = fleet_size OVERLAY description
  49. 61. 4 areas Ubiquitous computing The social academic Research data Free and Open vs secret science secret science
  50. 62. Africa produces 8.2 scientific research papers per million people The world produces 103 scientific research papers per million people The USA produces 690 and Canada 723 scientific research papers per million people
  51. 63. The output of scientific research that is published in ways that are only accessible to some people, or that is locked up in the new form of patents that are designed to withhold disclosure and lengthen monopoly privileges. Secret science Some secret science is probably necessary ... … but that doesn't mean all science should be secret
  52. 64. Free science Research carried out for the public good (including knowledge growth), that is published in ways that are accessible to anyone with a networked computing device, and that can be freely built upon to create innovations that contribute to both public and private good.
  53. 65. Hegemony Accepted practices Limiting What we achieve Good for a while The old way Slows progress
  54. 66. Open access publishing Institutional repositories Free and open educational resources Copyright and licenses Resource sharing technologies Make it easier secret science
  55. 67. 4 areas ABUNDANCE Ubiquitous computing The social academic Research data Free and Open vs secret science secret science
  56. 68. Attribution file: http://www.dkeats.com/usrfiles/users/ 1563080430/attribution/attrib.txt / dvcblog

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