New challenges for digital scholarship and curation in the era of ubiquitous computing

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A keynote presentation that I gave at the The 4th African Digital Scholarship and Curation Conference (see: http://www.nedicc.ac.za/test/Programme.aspx) on 16 May 2011.

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New challenges for digital scholarship and curation in the era of ubiquitous computing

  1. 1. New challenges for digital scholarship and digital curation in the era of ubiquitous computing Prof Derek W. Keats Deputy Vice Chancellor (Knowledge & Information Management) The University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg http://kim.wits.ac.za/dvcblog [email_address]
  2. 2. Disclaimer I am a techno geek Yes, we have no answers!
  3. 3. Alarming perspective We need to reduce barriers to innovation, not increase them
  4. 4. digital scholarship digital curation ubiquitous computing New challenges
  5. 5. digital scholarship digital curation ubiquitous computing New challenges Academic work
  6. 6. General Communication The process of research Quasi-academic & grey literature Formal research output Derived research output digital scholarship digital curation
  7. 7. Data General Communication The process of research Quasi-academic & grey literature Formal research output Derived research output digital scholarship digital curation
  8. 8. Digital scholarship Digital curation Digital scholarship
  9. 10. of selection preservation maintenance collection archiving digital assets
  10. 11. of selection maintenance collection archiving digital assets preservation
  11. 12. Blogs Activity streams email Papers Audio & Video Multimedia & games Lab notes Simple web Software Virtual worlds Smart objects Linked data
  12. 13. Today Acting as the ravages of time
  13. 14. Cory Doctorow bits are never going to get harder to copy Preserve as much as we can of today's objects Be highly selective
  14. 15. Key challenge More and more people producing more and more content on more and more devices The role of community Increasing array of breakable linkages The specter of smart content
  15. 16. Yesterday Today Tomorrow
  16. 17. Today Tomorrow
  17. 18. New challenges for digital scholarship and digital curation in the era of ubiquitous computing
  18. 19. In the ancient world of the 20 th Century Computers were big! People went to computers People used computers for really dumb tasks such as... Browsing the web Word processing Reading email
  19. 22. a " web of data " that enables machines to understand the meaning of information on the World Wide Web
  20. 23. Rate of production much greater than capacity to store conserve curate Digital assets
  21. 24. What are digital assets? How does the computer 'see' them?
  22. 25. Digital Asset Management Records management Document management Contract management Film production Historical papers Image collections Audio/video recordings Research / other data Research papers Theses / dissertations Convergence
  23. 26. storage processing Cloud computing Virtualization Utility computing Software & hardware as services
  24. 27. Cloud computing Public cloud Private cloud
  25. 28. Wits perspective Institutional repository Cloud initiative Digital Asset Management System (DAMS) Historical Papers Electronic Thesis & Dissertation Free & Open Educational Resources
  26. 29. Wits perspective Institutional repository Cloud initiative Digital Asset Management System (DAMS) Historical Papers Electronic Thesis & Dissertation Free & Open Educational Resources
  27. 30. A set of architectures Institutional process architecture Information architecture Application architecture Technical architecture People Costs & benefits Success Criteria Challenge Vision
  28. 31. Process architecture Workflow Rights Search Retrieval Publication Version Deletion Digitization Digital asset management Digital form Born analogue Source artefact Digital conversion Docs Audio Video etc Born digital Ingest
  29. 32. Capture Create Classify Share Archive Destroy Protect Retain Find & use Preserve Route Social and semantic elements Build for data
  30. 33. Technical (hardware) architecture The Wits private cloud Storage cloud Second tier storage: spinning disk Compute cloud X86 First tier storage: flash Third tier storage: tape Virtual machine-1 Virtual machine-2 Virtual machine-n Applications
  31. 34. Enterprise document management An approach using private cloud Workflow (WEWE layer) Folder server WEWE Web layer Private cloud infrastructure or Higher Education Grid Site Ingest Born digital Shared folder Network WEWE Network Site Site Site Shared folder WWW WEWE
  32. 35. An agile approach People & projects Create infrastructure Design comprehensive architecture Project 1 Micro- services Workflow Project 2 Project N Behaviours Workflow Micro- services Workflow Recognition of need and opportunity (business case) Talent Knowledge Capability
  33. 36. One digital asset management project for Wits Agile approach that builds on our talent within the University Content through process (part of normal workflow)
  34. 37. Digital scholarship Isn't it just scholarship?
  35. 38. The Social Network The social academic
  36. 41. Not particularly linked to scholarship
  37. 42. Social networking and semantic web e.g. for researchers Crowdsourced curation of research papers
  38. 44. The more of your own work you put in the more valuable the system becomes to others Which means The more valuable it is to you
  39. 45. Group
  40. 46. Articles in the group MyOpenArchive
  41. 47. People in the group MyOpenArchive
  42. 48. The web interface Integration
  43. 49. Computer and Information Literacy 3898 groups
  44. 50. Closed group: ask to join 99+ users 18 papers
  45. 53. Most read articles Most read authors
  46. 54. Activity streams
  47. 55. Your own activity streams
  48. 57. Open APIs
  49. 58. Social curation of digital objects to support research is still in its infancy Research libraries should plan for supporting the social aspects of digital scholarship Expect it to expand Think open, think linked....
  50. 60. http://www.flickr.com/photos/pulpolux/780345833/ Under BY-NC license Data archiving and curation
  51. 61. Linked data Using the Web to connect related data Extends http and URIs Data can be read automatically by computers Data fm different sources can be connected & queried
  52. 62. Linked open data Semantic web: a " web of data " that enables machines to understand the of information on the World Wide Web New insights for researchers by analysing linked open data All researchers an be Hans Roslings
  53. 63. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Lod-datasets_2010-09-22_colored.png Linked Open Data datasets as of 2010-09-22 LOD2 project
  54. 64. SELECT description FROM http://WIKISPECIES_DATA WHERE species='Gadus morhua' JOIN species FROM http://DISTRIBITION_DATA JOIN species FROM http://CATCH_DATA INFER population_size FROM http://HISTORICAL_DESCRIPTION_DATA FOR 1600 TO 2011 PLOT RELATIONSHIP catch_data X fishing_rate ANIMATE bubble_size = fleet_size OVERLAY description
  55. 65. The big challenge: secret science The output of scientific research that is only published in ways that are only accessible to some people, or that is locked up in the newly altered form of patents that are designed to withhold disclosure and lengthen monopoly privileges.
  56. 66. The big challenge: secret science A widespread belief in benefits of secrecy, and entrenched processes to foster it, the potential of digital scholarship and digital curation will not be realised. Free & Open Educational Resources Open Access Licenses Free & Open Source Software
  57. 67. Scarcity Abundance The big challenge: scarcity mentality Proprietary access Open access The scarcity is entirely artificially maintained
  58. 68. Community not technology will solve this challenge: technology must make communities more efficient
  59. 69. Attribution file: http://www.dkeats.com/usrfiles/users/ 1563080430/attribution/attrib.txt

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