New challenges for digital scholarship and curation in the era of ubiquitous computing

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A keynote presentation that I gave at the The 4th African Digital Scholarship and Curation Conference (see: http://www.nedicc.ac.za/test/Programme.aspx) on 16 May 2011.

A keynote presentation that I gave at the The 4th African Digital Scholarship and Curation Conference (see: http://www.nedicc.ac.za/test/Programme.aspx) on 16 May 2011.

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  • 1. New challenges for digital scholarship and digital curation in the era of ubiquitous computing Prof Derek W. Keats Deputy Vice Chancellor (Knowledge & Information Management) The University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg http://kim.wits.ac.za/dvcblog [email_address]
  • 2. Disclaimer I am a techno geek Yes, we have no answers!
  • 3. Alarming perspective We need to reduce barriers to innovation, not increase them
  • 4. digital scholarship digital curation ubiquitous computing New challenges
  • 5. digital scholarship digital curation ubiquitous computing New challenges Academic work
  • 6. General Communication The process of research Quasi-academic & grey literature Formal research output Derived research output digital scholarship digital curation
  • 7. Data General Communication The process of research Quasi-academic & grey literature Formal research output Derived research output digital scholarship digital curation
  • 8. Digital scholarship Digital curation Digital scholarship
  • 9.  
  • 10. of selection preservation maintenance collection archiving digital assets
  • 11. of selection maintenance collection archiving digital assets preservation
  • 12. Blogs Activity streams email Papers Audio & Video Multimedia & games Lab notes Simple web Software Virtual worlds Smart objects Linked data
  • 13. Today Acting as the ravages of time
  • 14. Cory Doctorow bits are never going to get harder to copy Preserve as much as we can of today's objects Be highly selective
  • 15. Key challenge More and more people producing more and more content on more and more devices The role of community Increasing array of breakable linkages The specter of smart content
  • 16. Yesterday Today Tomorrow
  • 17. Today Tomorrow
  • 18. New challenges for digital scholarship and digital curation in the era of ubiquitous computing
  • 19. In the ancient world of the 20 th Century Computers were big! People went to computers People used computers for really dumb tasks such as... Browsing the web Word processing Reading email
  • 20.  
  • 21.  
  • 22. a " web of data " that enables machines to understand the meaning of information on the World Wide Web
  • 23. Rate of production much greater than capacity to store conserve curate Digital assets
  • 24. What are digital assets? How does the computer 'see' them?
  • 25. Digital Asset Management Records management Document management Contract management Film production Historical papers Image collections Audio/video recordings Research / other data Research papers Theses / dissertations Convergence
  • 26. storage processing Cloud computing Virtualization Utility computing Software & hardware as services
  • 27. Cloud computing Public cloud Private cloud
  • 28. Wits perspective Institutional repository Cloud initiative Digital Asset Management System (DAMS) Historical Papers Electronic Thesis & Dissertation Free & Open Educational Resources
  • 29. Wits perspective Institutional repository Cloud initiative Digital Asset Management System (DAMS) Historical Papers Electronic Thesis & Dissertation Free & Open Educational Resources
  • 30. A set of architectures Institutional process architecture Information architecture Application architecture Technical architecture People Costs & benefits Success Criteria Challenge Vision
  • 31. Process architecture Workflow Rights Search Retrieval Publication Version Deletion Digitization Digital asset management Digital form Born analogue Source artefact Digital conversion Docs Audio Video etc Born digital Ingest
  • 32. Capture Create Classify Share Archive Destroy Protect Retain Find & use Preserve Route Social and semantic elements Build for data
  • 33. Technical (hardware) architecture The Wits private cloud Storage cloud Second tier storage: spinning disk Compute cloud X86 First tier storage: flash Third tier storage: tape Virtual machine-1 Virtual machine-2 Virtual machine-n Applications
  • 34. Enterprise document management An approach using private cloud Workflow (WEWE layer) Folder server WEWE Web layer Private cloud infrastructure or Higher Education Grid Site Ingest Born digital Shared folder Network WEWE Network Site Site Site Shared folder WWW WEWE
  • 35. An agile approach People & projects Create infrastructure Design comprehensive architecture Project 1 Micro- services Workflow Project 2 Project N Behaviours Workflow Micro- services Workflow Recognition of need and opportunity (business case) Talent Knowledge Capability
  • 36. One digital asset management project for Wits Agile approach that builds on our talent within the University Content through process (part of normal workflow)
  • 37. Digital scholarship Isn't it just scholarship?
  • 38. The Social Network The social academic
  • 39.  
  • 40.  
  • 41. Not particularly linked to scholarship
  • 42. Social networking and semantic web e.g. for researchers Crowdsourced curation of research papers
  • 43.  
  • 44. The more of your own work you put in the more valuable the system becomes to others Which means The more valuable it is to you
  • 45. Group
  • 46. Articles in the group MyOpenArchive
  • 47. People in the group MyOpenArchive
  • 48. The web interface Integration
  • 49. Computer and Information Literacy 3898 groups
  • 50. Closed group: ask to join 99+ users 18 papers
  • 51.  
  • 52.  
  • 53. Most read articles Most read authors
  • 54. Activity streams
  • 55. Your own activity streams
  • 56.  
  • 57. Open APIs
  • 58. Social curation of digital objects to support research is still in its infancy Research libraries should plan for supporting the social aspects of digital scholarship Expect it to expand Think open, think linked....
  • 59.  
  • 60. http://www.flickr.com/photos/pulpolux/780345833/ Under BY-NC license Data archiving and curation
  • 61. Linked data Using the Web to connect related data Extends http and URIs Data can be read automatically by computers Data fm different sources can be connected & queried
  • 62. Linked open data Semantic web: a " web of data " that enables machines to understand the of information on the World Wide Web New insights for researchers by analysing linked open data All researchers an be Hans Roslings
  • 63. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Lod-datasets_2010-09-22_colored.png Linked Open Data datasets as of 2010-09-22 LOD2 project
  • 64. SELECT description FROM http://WIKISPECIES_DATA WHERE species='Gadus morhua' JOIN species FROM http://DISTRIBITION_DATA JOIN species FROM http://CATCH_DATA INFER population_size FROM http://HISTORICAL_DESCRIPTION_DATA FOR 1600 TO 2011 PLOT RELATIONSHIP catch_data X fishing_rate ANIMATE bubble_size = fleet_size OVERLAY description
  • 65. The big challenge: secret science The output of scientific research that is only published in ways that are only accessible to some people, or that is locked up in the newly altered form of patents that are designed to withhold disclosure and lengthen monopoly privileges.
  • 66. The big challenge: secret science A widespread belief in benefits of secrecy, and entrenched processes to foster it, the potential of digital scholarship and digital curation will not be realised. Free & Open Educational Resources Open Access Licenses Free & Open Source Software
  • 67. Scarcity Abundance The big challenge: scarcity mentality Proprietary access Open access The scarcity is entirely artificially maintained
  • 68. Community not technology will solve this challenge: technology must make communities more efficient
  • 69. Attribution file: http://www.dkeats.com/usrfiles/users/ 1563080430/attribution/attrib.txt