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  1. 1.  State the different methods of determining the harmony of colours.
  2. 2. In This Chapter, you’ll learn on:  Identify and explain what harmony of colours is.  State the different methods of determining the harmony of colours:  • Analogous colour;  • Complementary colour;  • Nature  • Contrast  • Warm/cool colours
  3. 3.  Identify and Explain What Harmony of Colours Is  To put in simple terms, color harmony refers to the art and science of putting together colors that look good. Harmonious colors are colors that work well together, hence producing a color scheme that is visually attractive. The color wheel is used as a tool for identifying harmonious colours.   Over the centuries, painters have researched and experimented with colour combination and harmony, resulting in pleasing arrangements and combinations of colour schemes. Today, we have diverse sets of colours that work perfect well together. Colour harmony is one of the key factors that contribute to the success of a design. Different types of harmonies exist, and they’re used by the designers and artists.
  4. 4.  Analogous colours  Analogous colours are any three colours that are adjacent (means: side by side) to each other in the colour wheel. For example, Orange and orange-red, green and yellow-green, blue and blue-green.  Analogous colours: Red, red-orange and orange Analogous colours: Yellow, yellow-green and green
  5. 5.  Analogous colour can be found on objects that we get to contact in real life. Take a look at the photographs below. It is a green leafy plant which uses analogous colour scheme.  Colours found in this flowering plant are yellow, yellow-green and green. They are colours which are side by side on the colour wheel.
  6. 6.  Complementary Colours  Complementary colours are colours that are opposite each other on the colour wheel. For example, violet and yellow, blue and orange, red and green.  These colours offer the greatest contrast, so the effect can be bold and dramatic. Complimentary colours when mixed together produce a neutral or gray colour. 
  7. 7.  Complementary Colours  One example of real object is as below.  Colours found in the above picture are red and green (red tulip with green leaves and stem). Red and green are complementary colours.
  8. 8.  Contrast Harmony  Complementary colours are also known as contrast harmony. Complementary colours are directly across each other in the colour wheel. The very fact that they are in opposite points of the chromatic circle produces a strong contrast. These colours are reinforced mutually, so that a same colour will appear to be more intense and vibrant when it is associated to its complementary. By using colours which are opposite of each other, you create colour schemes which are high contrast, hence brighter and more vivid. These contrasts are, then, suitable to call the attention and for design works in which a strong impact through the use of colours is desired.
  9. 9.  Nature colours  The nature colour scheme refers to any colour combination which occurs in natural environment. Nature can be a good example to show colour harmony. These examples show colour harmony using nature colours. For example,  Mangoes on the tree with lots of green leaves.White clouds in blue sky
  10. 10.  Warm/Cool Colours  Colours can broadly be divided into two categories. The two categories are the warm colours and cool colours. This is a crucial element in colour combination to ensure harmony.  Warm colours are perceived to be energetic, vivid and tend to advance in space. On the other hand, cool colors seen as soothing as well as to give the impression of calmness.  Use colours of similar temperature to create harmony.