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NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings
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NRC _Green Intelligent Buildings

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Presentation to NRC Industrial Technology Advisors before their Construct Canada exhibiting and chairing BIM educational program.

Presentation to NRC Industrial Technology Advisors before their Construct Canada exhibiting and chairing BIM educational program.

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  • Let’s begin with a quick overview. There are several environmental assessment tools in the market place. Most are in general agreement about what constitute sustainable building practices.
  • Let’s begin with a quick overview. There are several environmental assessment tools in the market place. Most are in general agreement about what constitute sustainable building practices.
  • Let’s begin with a quick overview. There are several environmental assessment tools in the market place. Most are in general agreement about what constitute sustainable building practices.
  • Let’s begin with a quick overview. There are several environmental assessment tools in the market place. Most are in general agreement about what constitute sustainable building practices.
  • Let’s begin with a quick overview. There are several environmental assessment tools in the market place. Most are in general agreement about what constitute sustainable building practices.
  • You can see the insulation properties of the 2 types of Low-E products. Triple Low-E provides double the insulation value. Heat Mirror, with a single film, does even better and our double film
  • Building owners tint their glass for esthetics and also to eliminate Solar Heat which we previously talked about. Tinted buildings are all over the city and they generally provide the least amount of natural daylight.
  • The new IP infrastructure provides in principle two great opportunities. First, the network helps to make the user more productive while intensifying the use of your real estate By converging and providing among other technologies, high speed internet, telephony, visitor management (remote receptionist), audio and video conferencing, web-conferencing, rich media, and digital signage, one can support collaboration and productivity of the workforce and users of the building. The network helps you to connect people with people, and people with machines to get the most out of the network in terms of voice, video, and data services and any other productivity technologies. The features will add tremendous value to the user, operator, and owner of the building—resulting in a positive impact on the value of the physical assets. This is more than a IP technologies pitch…the technologies make it possible to re-think the utilization of space; and achieve higher occupancy or revenue per square foot, while optimizing productivity and effectiveness of everyone that is using the environment. We want to help you put forward a comprehensive IP communications solutions in support of innovative space planning and optimized utilization. Again, the features can be chosen in order of relevance that best accommodates your business needs/goals.
  • Secondly, in addition to workforce productivity and technologies for enhancing communication and space utilization, the new network now also helps to make the building more productive. Instead of disparate building systems with each their networks and control devices, the same network can now be deployed to optimize the building operation. Lighting, elevators, monitoring, HVAC, fire control, video surveillance and other security technologies, energy management can all be converged over the network. Interaction and dependency between the systems can be established as the controls all speak and understand the same language. A language that is also spoken by the communication systems that we converged onto this network earlier—and now also can deploy as control devices for these building systems. Imagine…your phone can adjust your environment to the exact comfort and security level that the user desires; while being monitored and protected in an offsite location. Imagine…having your digital building signage notifying you of energy consumptions and suggesting ways to reduce your usage by automatically lowering blinds, reducing light balance, or lowering the temperature. Imagine....using your IP telephony system as a public announcement system that automatically will broadcast messages based on security or access violation, and fire hazards. The opportunities will be numerous and fully leverage the building information network and the power of the Internet.
  • The new IP infrastructure provides in principle two great opportunities. First, the network helps to make the user more productive while intensifying the use of your real estate By converging and providing among other technologies, high speed internet, telephony, visitor management (remote receptionist), audio and video conferencing, web-conferencing, rich media, and digital signage, one can support collaboration and productivity of the workforce and users of the building. The network helps you to connect people with people, and people with machines to get the most out of the network in terms of voice, video, and data services and any other productivity technologies. The features will add tremendous value to the user, operator, and owner of the building—resulting in a positive impact on the value of the physical assets. This is more than a IP technologies pitch…the technologies make it possible to re-think the utilization of space; and achieve higher occupancy or revenue per square foot, while optimizing productivity and effectiveness of everyone that is using the environment. We want to help you put forward a comprehensive IP communications solutions in support of innovative space planning and optimized utilization. Again, the features can be chosen in order of relevance that best accommodates your business needs/goals.
  • Recent announcements by the new government have hydro rates increasing next year. Is this the tip of the iceberg. Will the $38 Billion deficit encourage further hikes?
  • Well know fact that oil prices are increasing. We wrestle with it everyday at the gas pumps. The days of 0.40 ¢ per litre 4 years ago have quickly disappeared.
  • Recent announcements by the new government have hydro rates increasing next year. Is this the tip of the iceberg. Will the $38 Billion deficit encourage further hikes?
  • The philosophy behind the tool is that intelligent building design should not be an “all-or-nothing” achievement reserved for cutting edge buildings. Every building should address building intelligence considerations to enhance its functionality while respecting financial constraints. BIQ will be two things: Click: First it’s an assessment and rating tool. It will evaluate a building intelligence design against best practices and give a rating. By doing that it will serve as a marketing tool that demonstrates value of building intelligence. Click: It will also be an Upgrade Design Guidance tool, which will help to demystify the implementation and highlight the benefits of the improvements under consideration.
  • Transcript

    • 1. 11/05/11 Green Buildings - Life Cycle Costs Challenges and Opportunities David Katz, MBA, BA Sustainable Resources Management Inc. Tel: 416 - 493 - 9232 Fax: 416 - 493- 5366 Email: dkatz@sustainable.on.ca Building Intelligence Quotient Consortium Email: dkatz@building-iq.com Construct Canada NRC Meeting Bright Green Building Seminar November 30, 2010, Toronto
    • 2. 11/05/11 1. Green Buildings as it applies to materials, durability, water issues, energy efficiency & management, etc. 2. Building Information Management (BIM) 3. Automated & Intelligent Buildings Convergence / interdependency / synergy between the 3 technologies Integrated Design Process - Integrated Product Delivery - with special consideration to the significance of the notion of 'Integrated'   Life Cycle Costing - how this is essential to relating the efficiencies & financial justification for the issues addressed by the 3 technologies Importance of Owner involvement/Education in the significance of the 3 technologies, & in understanding the importance of life cycle costing The result being More cost efficient, More time efficient product & process ... Over the life cycle of the building &Ultimately producing a Better quality product ............ Other issues that you think are pertinent.   AGENDA
    • 3. CURRENT CERTIFICATION PROGRAMS
    • 4. Green Globes Assessment Suite Green Design Management/ Operations Emergency/ Risk Intelligence BIQ Commercial Interiors Historic Buildings Retrofit <ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul><ul><li>Building systems </li></ul><ul><li>Offices </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-residential </li></ul><ul><li>Light Industrial </li></ul><ul><li>Historic Buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Community Emergency </li></ul><ul><li>Planning </li></ul>Design and Retrofits Existing Online tool: www. greenglobes. com
    • 5. 11/05/11 Intelligent Buildings Why do we build dumb buildings?
    • 6. 11/05/11 Buildings 39% Industry 33% Transportation 28% Buildings use 71% of electricity 21% 18% Why Buildings: Huge Opportunities Residential Heating 32% Other 4% Water Heat 13% Computers 1% Cooling 10% Refrigeration 9% Lights 12% Electronics 5% Wash 5% Cooking 5% Source: 2004 Buildings Energy Databook with SEDS distributed to all end-uses Commercial Other 10% Lights 28% Heating 16% Cooling 13% Water Heat 7% Ventilation 7% Cooking 2% Computers 3% Office Equip 7% Refrigeration 4%
    • 7. 11/05/11 <ul><li>Materials – Certification of Woods, Green Specs, Distance traveled, Recycled content, all factors in gaining LEED credits or Green Globe points. </li></ul><ul><li>Durability – Many materials may be GREEN and not have the VOCs or the other non GREEN chemicals but will they last as the others? </li></ul><ul><li>Water – Our most precious resource. Dual Flush toilets, Green Roofs, Grey Water systems and all the hot water and cooling tower uses. </li></ul><ul><li>Energy efficiency – energy modeling, Energy Star rating, energy saving technologies - Daylighting, Heat Recovery, Ground Source Heat Pumps, </li></ul><ul><li>Renewable Energy, Demand Response and Smart Grid interoperability </li></ul><ul><li>Operations and Maintenance - Building Automation and management, etc. </li></ul>GREEN BUILDING ISSUES
    • 8. 11/05/11 Pneumatic Transmission Electric Controls Electronic Controls Mini Computers Personal Computers Direct Digital Controls BACnet/Lon Revolution Internet/Intranet Growing Convergence of BAS and IT Wireless Interfaces and Email Alarms IT Standardizing Information Presentation Models Evolution of Systems that may Integrate all Building Services on Standard IT Infrastructure Copyright Frost & Sullivan Technological Evolution of BUILDING AUTOMATION SYSTEMS Smart Grid BIM Cloud Server
    • 9. Life Cycle Costing: New Building Design Applications
    • 10. 11/05/11 New Building Design LCC and Sustainable Design Technology An LCC assessment can be used to assess options concerning site design, and material and equipment selection to improve overall building energy efficiency. <ul><li>Typical Sustainable Technology Applications: </li></ul><ul><li>Green Roofs </li></ul><ul><li>Greywater recycling </li></ul><ul><li>Photovoltaics </li></ul><ul><li>Ground source heat pumps </li></ul><ul><li>Natural ventilation </li></ul>
    • 11. Natural corridor and Riparian Zone ECD Energy and Environment Canada Ltd. Native plant species – Bullrushes, Canadian Goldenrod, and Switchgrass Brownfield at mouth of the Keating Channel, Toronto, ON Sustainable Ecosystems Appropriate Site Selection Land that is already municipally serviced or has previously been built upon should be favoured for development over previously undeveloped areas to enhance local ecology and preserved ecologically sensitive areas. Natural Corridors When linked to natural areas, community green spaces can provide valuable wildlife habitat and migration pathways. Site design should encourage interconnected natural areas and wildlife corridors. Light Pollution Reduction Minimizing outdoor lighting, without compromising safety, can significantly reduce environmental threats to nocturnal wildlife species. Native Species Planting Using plants that are native to a site reduces irrigation, lowers pesticide and fertilizer use, and cuts maintenance costs. Site design should ensure 75% of plantings are native. Roadway Naturalization Roadway edges and easements can support plantings that provide habitat for natural corridors and can be designed to reflect topographical and environmental conditions.
    • 12. <ul><li>Microclimatic Design </li></ul><ul><li>Building design that maximizes solar access in winter for passive solar heat gain and shades windows in summer; controls wind and snow exposure; insulates against energy loss with green roofs of earth shelters, and promotes green roofs reduces energy consumption, </li></ul><ul><li>Passive Solar Heating </li></ul><ul><li>Buildings with sufficient southern exposure can capture sunlight in winter and release it as heat, reducing energy costs. In the summer, trees, window overhangs and sunshades block sunlight, keeping the building cool. </li></ul><ul><li>Natural or Hybrid Ventilation </li></ul><ul><li>Buildings may be ventilated and cooled passively if designed to take advantage of temperature/pressure differentials inside and outside the building, thereby creating cross-ventilation. Natural ventilation can be combined with traditional systems in a hybrid design. </li></ul><ul><li>Solar-Powered Street Furniture </li></ul><ul><li>Signs, bus shelters, street lights, and parking meters can easily function off-grid with a small solar array. </li></ul><ul><li>Community-Based Energy Generation </li></ul><ul><li>Renewable energy comes from non-fossil fuel based sources, like the sun, wind, water or earth. Governments, utilities and individuals should consider these sources both for their environmental sustainability and their stable, long-term costs. </li></ul>ECD Energy and Environment Canada Ltd. Wind turbine at the Canadian National Exhibition, Toronto, ON Photovoltaic curtain wall spandrels Photovoltaic bus shelter Photovoltaic light Vegetated &quot;green&quot; roof, Mountain Equipment Co-op, Toronto, ON South-facing housing, Milton Keynes, UK Sustainable Energy Sources
    • 13. <ul><li>Eco-Industrial Synergies </li></ul><ul><li>One company’s waste may be another company’s resource. Encouraging regional economic exchange of by-products and energy leads to increased energy efficiency, reduces pollution, decreases waste volumes, and creates new market opportunities. </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptive Re-Use of Existing Buildings </li></ul><ul><li>New buildings consume approximately 50% of all materials produced. Re-using existing structures, or salvaging their materials (such as brick, steel, timber, doors, fixtures, etc) conserves large quantities of resources and helps to preserve existing urban/cultural infrastructure. </li></ul><ul><li>Recycled Material Use </li></ul><ul><li>Tires, concrete, asphalt, fly-ash, carpet, ceiling tiles, and metal products can all be recycled for use in urban infrastructure such as roads. Materials in open spaces, such as playground equipment and surfaces, benches, tables, bike racks and signs can be recycled, recyclable or re-usable. </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable Material Use </li></ul><ul><li>The life cycles (or cradle-to-grave environmental effects) of materials should be considered in their selection. Variations in the ways concrete, steel, timber, carpet, etc. are produced, materially composed, used, and disposed of strongly affect their environmental impact. </li></ul><ul><li>On-site Composting and Recycling </li></ul><ul><li>Niagara Region has a waste diversion goal of 65% by 2012. For this goal to be realized, areas for the handling, storage and separation of recyclables should be commonplace, and composting should be a priority where food waste is being produced. </li></ul>Gooderham and Worts Distillery District, Toronto, ON ECD Energy and Environment Canada Ltd. Mountain Equipment Co-op, Toronto, ON. Structure consists of salvaged timbers and fly-ash concrete. Sustainable Resource Use
    • 14. <ul><li>Improved Building Access </li></ul><ul><li>The energy needed to transport goods and for commuting to building is often equal to the amount of energy needed to operate the building. To reduce energy consumption, access routes for goods should be optimized and walking distances to public transit should be shortened. </li></ul><ul><li>Pedestrian and Bicycle Traffic </li></ul><ul><li>Walkable and bikeable communities expand transportation options, diversify neighbourhoods, and reduce reliance on automobiles. Foot and bike paths, denser urban fabric, reduced auto speeds, and sheltered bicycle parking should be a priority. </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative Parking Arrangements </li></ul><ul><li>The minimum number of parking spaces required for a development is determined by the peak demand. This can be excessive in some circumstances and options such as parking in lieu and parking on alternative sites may be more desirable. </li></ul><ul><li>Carpooling </li></ul><ul><li>Shared vehicle transportation reduces automobile usage and congestion. Convenient pick-ups areas and a voluntary database of occupants’ postal codes help to promote carpooling. </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative Fuel Re-Fueling Stations </li></ul><ul><li>Public interest in vehicles fuelled by alternative fuels (such as electricity, natural gas, ethanol and biodiesel) is increasing, but these vehicles need conveniently located re-fuelling stations to grow in number. </li></ul>Hydrogen re-fuelling station, Canadian National Exhibition, Toronto, ON ECD Energy and Environment Canada Ltd. Bike lanes and bike storage facility Designated carpool lot Sustainable Transportation
    • 15. <ul><li>Stormwater Management </li></ul><ul><li>Site design should focus on increasing ground infiltration of water and reducing quantity and off-site treatment of run-off. Practices include minimizing impermeable paved surfaces, storing water in catchment systems, increasing vegetation, and creating retention ponds and infiltration basins. </li></ul><ul><li>Bioswale Design </li></ul><ul><li>Grassed or vegetated drainage channels, an alternative to traditional curb and gutter stormwater management, retain water and break down road contaminants. </li></ul><ul><li>Snow Pile Placement </li></ul><ul><li>Snow piles should be placed away from drainage courses and storm drain inlets to diminish impact of salts and other toxins on stream courses. </li></ul><ul><li>Riparian Zone Protection </li></ul><ul><li>Vegetated transition areas between a body of water and upland area control erosion, filter run-off, and provide animal habitat. </li></ul><ul><li>Innovative Wastewater Treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Grey-water recycling, composting toilets, constructed wetlands and Living Machines can reduce overall water consumption and reduce BOD content in wastewater to levels lower than those produced through conventional treatment. </li></ul>Bioswale, Water Pollution Control Lab, Portland, Oregon Lving Machine wastewater facility, Nova Scotia ECD Energy and Environment Canada Ltd. Sustainable Water & Wastewater Services Desirable and undesirable stormwater management practices Water Table Stream Storm Sewer Impermeable Paving Planters Permeable Paving Bioswale Riparian Zone
    • 16. Sample LCC Application to Sustainability Green Roofs DEARBORN, Michigan - Ford is installing an environmentally sound roof on its $2-billion redevelopment of its Rouge River manufacturing complex. Keith Schneider, program director of the Michigan Land Use Institute, praised the green roof plan as innovative, if not a little risky. The new Ford Rouge Center assembly plant construction is one of the largest industrial redevelopment projects in the US. The green approach is designed to save Ford $35 million, when compared with the cost of installing a conventional treatment system, Schneider says.
    • 17. LCC calculation of Greg Kats
    • 18. 11/05/11
    • 19. 11/05/11
    • 20. Softcoat LowE 11/05/11 Meets the Code and provides lowest first cost.
    • 21. Triple Glazing & Heat Mirror 11/05/11 Alternatives cost more – but save more energy
    • 22. 11/05/11 IG Insulating Properties Data obtained using L.B.L. (Lawrence Berkeley Laboratories) Window 5.2 analysis program (nfrc/ashae)
    • 23. 11/05/11 IG Solar Heat Gain Coefficient
    • 24. Reduce Energy Bills (Operating Costs) 11/05/11
    • 25. Reduce HVAC Requirements (Capital Costs) 11/05/11
    • 26. Reduced Lighting Requirements (Capital & Operating Costs) 11/05/11
    • 27. Break-even Analysis using cash flow method 11/05/11
    • 28. Risk and sensitivity to above analysis. <ul><li>Fuel Escalation could less than 4% causing Breakeven to be longer </li></ul><ul><li>R value energy saving assumptions may not be proportional as assumed. </li></ul><ul><li>Solar Gain may have greater energy saving and peak shaving impacts. </li></ul><ul><li>Difference in initial HVAC capital costs should also be considered. </li></ul><ul><li>Other positive attributes like quiet and no mold may be more valued than energy savings. </li></ul>11/05/11
    • 29. Investment 11/05/11 Source: Sustainable Building Technical Manual
    • 30. Comfort 11/05/11
    • 31. Eliminate Condensation & Mould 11/05/11
    • 32. Sound Control 11/05/11
    • 33. Triple Glazing- Optimum Daylighting 11/05/11
    • 34. 11/05/11 Is this Tinted Glass Building Green and Intelligent ? What are the tradeoffs in HVAC, Daylighting & Productivity
    • 35. Comfort <ul><li>“ The best sustainable designs are not just environmentally responsible. They also produce buildings where employees can thrive and productivity can soar” </li></ul><ul><li>Christine Ervin </li></ul><ul><li>President and CEO </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Green Building Council </li></ul><ul><li>“ Using green building strategies can result in increases in occupant performance measures by 6 to 26 percent.” </li></ul><ul><li>William D. Browning </li></ul><ul><li>Founder of Green Development Services </li></ul><ul><li>and Senior Associate of </li></ul><ul><li>Rocky Mountain Institute </li></ul>11/05/11
    • 36. Financial Benefits of Green Buildings 11/05/11
    • 37. Sustainability Matrix 11/05/11 The David Lucile Packard Foundation Los Altos Project http://www.packard.org/pdf/2002Matrix.pdf Net Present Values Market LEED ™ Certified LEED ™ Silver LEED ™ Gold LEED ™ Platinum Living Building 30 Years $22.7 $19.6 $19.7 $18.5 $18.3 $18.7 60 Years $62.9 $45.3 $36.7 $27.8 $23.7 $19.6 100 Years $348.9 $218.4 $166.9 $95.8 $62.2 $20.8 Total Savings over Market after 30 years $ - $3.1 $3.0 $4.2 $4.4 $4.0
    • 38. 11/05/11 Green and Intelligent Building Convergence Review <ul><li>Energy management for HVAC, Lighting & Demand Response – CBIP – Energy Star </li></ul><ul><li>Green Buildings – Environment - LEED & Green Globe </li></ul><ul><li>Access and Security for safety of occupants and visitors </li></ul><ul><li>Cabling and Wireless to increase revenue and lower costs </li></ul><ul><li>Communications to increase value and productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Signage for instant information and advertising </li></ul><ul><li>Interconnectivity to other buildings and the community </li></ul>
    • 39. What “Information” is in a Building ? <ul><li>Building automation systems </li></ul><ul><li>Energy management </li></ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul><ul><li>Digital signage </li></ul><ul><li>Facility mgmt. and visitor mgmt. </li></ul><ul><li>POS </li></ul><ul><li>Consumables </li></ul><ul><li>Parking </li></ul><ul><li>Tenant technology </li></ul><ul><li>Property mgmt. and back office </li></ul><ul><li>… more </li></ul>11/05/11 Copyright ® 2007 The Fourth Utility, LLC All Rights Reserved. Intelligent Buildings Confidential Copyright ® 2006 The Fourth Utility, LLC
    • 40. Better Tenant and Common Area Experience 11/05/11 High Speed Internet / Wireless Voice Communications Facilities Management Interactive media Visitor management Audio – Video Conf Ambient Music / TV Digital signage Services and Technologies Copyright ® 2007 The Fourth Utility, LLC All Rights Reserved.
    • 41. Reducing Building Cost 11/05/11 HVAC Access Services and Technologies Copyright ® 2007 The Fourth Utility, LLC All Rights Reserved. 24/7 Monitor Video surveillance Elevator Lighting Fire Energy
    • 42. Smarter Building / Property 11/05/11 High Speed Internet / Wireless IP Telephony Future Applications Interactive media Visitor management Audio – Video Conf Ambient Music / TV Digital signage HVAC Access Copyright ® 2007 The Fourth Utility, LLC All Rights Reserved. 24/7 Monitor Video surveillance Elevator Lighting Fire Energy
    • 43. How do Intelligent and GREEN buildings compliment each other? 11/05/11 Integrated Design and Life Cycle Cost principles apply Energy Modeling – LEED and Green Globes HVAC Equipment and Building Automation Impacts Energy Price Inflation and Demand Response Programs Net Zero Buildings and Renewables in a Smart Grid
    • 44. 11/05/11 Green Building Perspective <ul><li>Energy – Efficiency - Metering - Onsite Emergency & Renewable generation </li></ul><ul><li>– GridWise capable - Demand Response ready – Net Zero </li></ul><ul><li>Water – Efficiency – Metering – Treatment – Cleaning- Landscaping </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Management – Storage Tanks - Mold – Maintenance – Operations </li></ul><ul><li> – Emergency Response - Training </li></ul><ul><li>Indoor Environment – Daylighting – CO2 and CO monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>– IAQ Controls – Filters </li></ul><ul><li>Emissions, Effluent and Other Impacts on the Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Noise – NOX – SO2 – Chemicals – Transportation – Heat Island Roofs </li></ul>
    • 45. 11/05/11 CABA Vision “ The knowledge-based forum for industry leaders who advance the use of technology and integrated systems in the global home and building industry.”
    • 46. 11/05/11 INTELLIGENT BUILDING REPORTS www.caba.org/trm FREE www.caba.org/brightgreen
    • 47. 11/05/11 Technology Usage/Purchase Plans <ul><li>Smart Telephony </li></ul><ul><li>Telepresence </li></ul><ul><li>Active RFID </li></ul><ul><li>Smart Landscaping </li></ul><ul><li>Intelligent Bathrooms </li></ul><ul><li>Audio/Video Support </li></ul><ul><li>Combined Heat and Power/ Alternative Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Automated Parking </li></ul><ul><li>Green Buildings and LEED Certification </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Signage </li></ul>30% 15% 9% 9% 9% 39% 39% 12% 48% 21% 64% 64% 64% 55% 52% 48% 45% 45% 42% 39% Technology Currently Use Might Purchase
    • 48. 11/05/11
    • 49. 11/05/11
    • 50. 11/05/11
    • 51. Electricity and Peak Demand Charges –Time of Use Rates 11/05/11 12¢ ? 8¢ ? ???? ¢ 4.7¢ / 5.5 ¢
    • 52. (Source: Energy Cost Savings Council) Conventional Cost Analysis Average Payback Period (PP) and Return on Investment (ROI) on single technology products.
    • 53. 11/05/11 CABA INTELLIGENT & INTEGRATED BUILDINGS COUNCIL <ul><li>Developed the BIQ Rating System for IB with Appraisal Institute and EPA Energy Star support </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.caba.org/biq </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Life-Cycle Cost Analysis Tool with Reed Construction Data/RSMeans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.caba.org/lifecycle </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Developed a New Intelligent Building Roadmap </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.caba.org/ibrm </li></ul></ul>Who is working on bringing these issues all together to evaluate alternatives and make sound economic choices?
    • 54. <ul><li>Produced by: Thomas J. Lohner, P.E. </li></ul><ul><li>Vice President, TENG Solutions </li></ul>Analyzing the Life Cycle Cost of Integrated Building Systems 11/05/11
    • 55. Systems Integration - Comparative Life Cycle Cost <ul><li>You Can Not Afford Not to do it Right </li></ul>11/05/11
    • 56. Facility Integration Life Cycle Costs <ul><li>First Cost </li></ul><ul><li>Changes, Additions & Upgrades </li></ul><ul><li>Operating & Maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>Utility Costs </li></ul>11/05/11
    • 57. UPS Computer Room A/C Emergency Generator Fire Management System Door Access Control & Intrusion Detection Lighting Control System HVAC Control System Typical Building Approach to Automation Main Service Switchgear 5 User Interface Workstations! No Integration !
    • 58. Non-Integrated Building <ul><li>Engineering Left up to Contractors </li></ul><ul><li>Sole Sourcing Required to Provide Integration - $$$$ </li></ul><ul><li>Stand Alone Systems - Single Purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Nobody Responsible for Technology Integration </li></ul>11/05/11
    • 59. UPS Computer Room A/C Fire Management System Emergency Generator Main Service Switchgear SNMP over IP Web Server Web Server Web Server Web Server Modbus Web Server Facility IP Network Client FMS Workstation Database Server Partial Integration Concept HVAC Control System Lighting Control System Door Access Control & Intrusion Detection Security Console Proprietary Control Sub-systems
    • 60. Partial Integration Issues <ul><li>Software Integration on IP networks </li></ul><ul><li>Use Web Enabled - FMS Application Program </li></ul><ul><li>Methodology Employed for Existing Buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Hardware Intensive - Many I/O Servers </li></ul>11/05/11
    • 61. BENEFITS Partial Integration <ul><li>Single User Interface for all Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Web based GUI - Defacto Standard </li></ul><ul><li>Permits Migration to Open Control Networks - Competitive Bids ! </li></ul><ul><li>Permits Development of Campus Wide Relational Database </li></ul><ul><li>Database Permits - Maintenance Management , Energy Management , Asset Management, etc. </li></ul>11/05/11
    • 62. UPS Computer Room A/C Fire Management System Modbus Emergency Generator Main Service Switchgear SNMP over IP Web Server Web Server Facility IP Network Client FMS Workstation Database Server Full Integration Concept Open Standards Based Control Sub-systems LONTALK - EIA 709.1 & BACNET – ANSI/ASHRAE 135A Door Access Control, Intrusion Detection, Lighting & HVAC Control System Web Server Security Console
    • 63. Full Integration Issues <ul><li>Open Standards Applied Where Possible </li></ul><ul><li>I/O Servers Minimized </li></ul><ul><li>Number of Devices Reduced - Shared Information </li></ul>11/05/11
    • 64. BENEFITS Full Integration <ul><li>Same as Partial Integration Approach </li></ul><ul><li>PLUS </li></ul><ul><li>Competitive Bids in each Building </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated Building Sub-systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lighting, HVAC, Power Management and Security </li></ul></ul>11/05/11 Lowest Life Cycle Cost Approach
    • 65. Blinds & 24v Wiring Non-Integrated HVAC, Lighting & Intrusion Detection Echelon World Headquarters VAV Boxes No Occupancy Control Dimmable Lighting Control
    • 66. Sensor and 120v Wiring Lighting, HVAC & Occupancy Sensor Control Trunk User Scene Control Switch Integrated HVAC, Lighting, Intrusion Detection & Blind Control Echelon World Headquarters
    • 67. Changes, Additions and Upgrades Issues <ul><li>Cost Premium Paid for Additions & Changes to Proprietary Controls </li></ul><ul><li>Limit Scope of Future Improvements and Modifications </li></ul><ul><li>Cost Premium for Non Competitive Service Contracts </li></ul>11/05/11
    • 68. System Integration Life Cycle Cost Summary
    • 69. Conclusion: <ul><li>Full Integration will Result in the Lowest Net Present Value </li></ul><ul><li>The Value of the Integrated Approach will Increase w/ IT Advances </li></ul><ul><li>Information will be your Competitive Advantage </li></ul>11/05/11
    • 70. 11/05/11
    • 71. 11/05/11
    • 72. 11/05/11
    • 73. 11/05/11
    • 74. Demand Response Marketplace and DR programs in Ontario Demand-Response-Shop.com Collaboration Project with Sheridan College-Building Intelligence Quotient- RFQ Strategies partially funded by Ontario Centres of Excellence David Katz BiQ Program Manager Principal - Sustainable Environmental Solutions Connectivity Week - May 24, 2010 Information on Ontario Power Authority Programs are generalizations and subject to change 11/05/11
    • 75. <ul><li>Ontario Power Authority Integrated Power System Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Conservation - LEED – Green Globe –BOMA BESt </li></ul><ul><li>Conservation Measures - Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Distributed Generation Opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Standard Offers – Renewable – Clean Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Demand Response Programs </li></ul><ul><li>DR Technologies – Building Sector </li></ul><ul><li>Demand Response Shop website </li></ul><ul><li>Smart Grid –Building2Grid optimization </li></ul><ul><li>Questions </li></ul>11/05/11 Demand Response and BAS Improvements
    • 76. <ul><li>Previous technologies now economic </li></ul><ul><li>New technologies save and measure it </li></ul><ul><li>Building Automation more Intelligent </li></ul><ul><li>Occupancy, Demand HVAC, Daylighting </li></ul><ul><li>LEED and Green Globe Credits </li></ul><ul><li>Life cycle costs and low cost of funds </li></ul><ul><li>Peak and Energy reduction targets now mandated to each of 80+ Ontario LDC’s </li></ul>11/05/11 Old and New Technologies
    • 77. <ul><li>Lighting – Dimming – Occupancy -Daylighting </li></ul><ul><li>Raise Cooling Temperature – Casual Day Clothes </li></ul><ul><li>Chiller Optimization – Hartman LOOP </li></ul><ul><li>Chillers - Gas Driven – Absorption </li></ul><ul><li>Thermal Storage – ICE - Water </li></ul><ul><li>VSD – Pumps – Fans - Reprogram </li></ul><ul><li>On site Generation – Economics? </li></ul><ul><li>Windows - Shades -Tinting </li></ul>11/05/11 Demand Response Technologies
    • 78. <ul><li>Contractual Load Shedding with DR aggregator </li></ul><ul><li>Schedule Term (1, 3, or 5 yrs) </li></ul><ul><li>Contracted Dispatch Period </li></ul><ul><li>Election of Option A (100 hrs) or Option B (200 hrs) </li></ul><ul><li>Not Fully Available for Curtailment </li></ul><ul><li>Election: </li></ul><ul><li>(1) using the four hour period prior to Curtailment or </li></ul><ul><li>(2) the four hour period prior to receiving an Activation Notice </li></ul><ul><li>Different rates for Standard, Premium, Discount areas </li></ul><ul><li>Some areas of province are X no participation allowed due to system conditions and contracts with others. </li></ul>11/05/11 Demand Response #3
    • 79. <ul><li>List of Participating Aggregators </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Some withdrew </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>11/05/11
    • 80. 11/05/11
    • 81. (BUILDING INTELLIGENCE QUOTIENT CONSORTIUM) IN COLLABORATION WITH LAUNCH DEMAND -RESPONSE -SHOP - CONSORTIUM ( D R S C) AND DEMAND-RESPONSE-SHOP.COM AND .CA Sheridan College Institute of Technology and Advanced Learning
    • 82. Rating and Certification (demonstrates the added value) Upgrade Design and Implementation Guidance (demystifies implementation) + - an online tool
    • 83. 11/05/11 SCREEN Of BiQ For building info after log-in
    • 84. Report for Middleton Hall Building Intelligence Quotient Assessment Chart of BiQ rating for each section generated as part of the report Middleton Hall achieved an overall rating of 78% at the New system/Upgrade Stage <ul><ul><li>Integrated design </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Selection of sub-systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Value factors for automation systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Business considerations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Subsystem stand-alone custom features </li></ul><ul><li>Subsystem stand-alone performance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interaction among subsystems </li></ul></ul><ul><li>BAS Equipment </li></ul>0 20 40 60 80 100
    • 85. Contact Info <ul><li>David Katz, MBA, BA </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable Resources Management Inc. </li></ul><ul><li>6 Morning Gloryway </li></ul><ul><li>Toronto, Ontario </li></ul><ul><li>Canada M2H 3M2 </li></ul><ul><li>Tel: 416-493-9232 </li></ul><ul><li>Fax: 416-493-5366 </li></ul><ul><li>Email: dkatz@sustainable.on.ca </li></ul><ul><li>Building Intelligence Quotient Consortium </li></ul><ul><li>Email: dkatz@building-iq.com </li></ul>11/05/11

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