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Intelligent Buildings

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Project Management Class Presentation on Intelligent Buildings and other programs.

Project Management Class Presentation on Intelligent Buildings and other programs.

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  • 1. PM for Green Buildings Building Automation Seminar Intelligent Buildings meet the Smart Grid Green - High Performance – Net Zero? David Katz, MBA, BA Sustainable Resources Management Inc. Tel: 416 - 493 - 9232 Fax: 416 - 493- 5366 Email: dkatz@sustainable.on.ca Building Intelligence Quotient Consortium Email: dkatz@building-iq.com Feb, 27, 2012, Toronto2/28/2012 1
  • 2. AGENDA• BAS: what it is, how it functions, what it governs in a building• Green and Smart- how BAS manages demand and energy• Latest issues and approaches to Building Automation Systems• Continental Automated Building Association and their work on the convergence of Green and Intelligent buildings• Smart Grid primer- what it is, how it works• Building2Grid - Distributed Energy & Demand Response• The Building Intelligence Quotient on line program• Funding for the Energy and Demand Response options• Challenges and potential for Net Zero buildings. 2/28/2012 2
  • 3. Intelligent BuildingsWhy do we build dumbbuildings? 2/28/2012 3
  • 4. Intelligent BuildingsBecause they arecheaper up front but notin the long run! 2/28/2012 4
  • 5. Why Buildings: Huge Opportunities Wash 5% Cooking 5% Buildings use 71% Computers of electricity Electronics 5% 1% Other 4% Industry Refrigeration 9% 33% Buildings 21% 39% Cooling HeatingTransportation 10% 32% 28% Lights Water 18% 12% Heat 13% Cooking 2% Other Computers 3% 10% Residential Refrigeration 4% Lights 28% Ventilation 7% Heating Commercial Office Equip 7% Water Heat 7% Cooling 16% Source: 2004 Buildings Energy 13% Databook with SEDS distributed to all end-uses 2/28/2012 5
  • 6. Technological Evolution of Smart GridBUILDING AUTOMATION BIM Cloud ServerSYSTEMS IT Standardizing Information Presentation Models Wireless Interfaces and Email Alarms Growing Convergence of BAS and IT Internet/Intranet BACnet/Lon Revolution Direct Digital Controls Personal Computers Mini Computers Electronic Controls Electric Controls Pneumatic Transmission Copyright Frost & Sullivan 2/28/2012 6
  • 7. What “Information” is in a  Building automation systems Building?  Energy management  Security  Digital signage  Facility mgmt. and visitor mgmt.  POS  Consumables  Parking  Tenant technology  Property mgmt. and back office  …more 2/28/2012Copyright ® 2007 The Fourth Utility, LLC All Rights Reserved. Intelligent Buildings Confidential 7 Copyright ® 2006 The Fourth Utility, LLC
  • 8. Better Tenant and High Speed Internet / Wireless Common Area Ambient Music / TV Experience Audio – Video ConfServices and Technologies Voice Communications Visitor management Interactive media Digital signage Facilities Management Copyright ® 2007 The Fourth Utility, LLC All Rights Reserved. 2/28/2012 8
  • 9. Reducing Building Cost Lighting Elevator Services and Technologies 24/7 Monitor HVAC Fire Video surveillance Access Energy Copyright ® 2007 The FourthUtility, LLC All Rights Reserved. 2/28/2012 9
  • 10. Smarter Building / Property High Speed Internet / Wireless Lighting Ambient Music / TV Elevator Audio – Video Conf 24/7 Monitor IP Telephony HVAC Visitor management Fire Interactive media Video surveillance Digital signage AccessFuture Applications Energy Copyright ® 2007 The Fourth2/28/2012 Utility, LLC All Rights Reserved. 10
  • 11. How do Intelligent and GREEN buildings compliment each other?Integrated Design and Life Cycle Cost principles applyEnergy Modeling – LEED and Green GlobesHVAC Equipment and Building Automation ImpactsEnergy Price Inflation and Demand Response ProgramsNet Zero Buildings and Renewables in a Smart Grid 2/28/2012 11
  • 12. Green Building Perspective• Energy – Efficiency - Metering - Onsite Emergency & Renewable generation – GridWise capable - Demand Response ready – Net Zero• Water – Efficiency – Metering – Treatment – Cleaning- Landscaping• Environmental Management – Storage Tanks - Mold – Maintenance – Operations – Emergency Response - Training• Indoor Environment – Daylighting – CO2 and CO monitoring – IAQ Controls – Filters• Emissions, Effluent and Other Impacts on the Environment Noise – NOX – SO2 – Chemicals – Transportation – Heat Island Roofs 2/28/2012 12
  • 13. CABA Vision“The knowledge-based forum forindustry leaders who advance the use oftechnology and integrated systems in theglobal home and building industry.” 2/28/2012 13
  • 14. INTELLIGENT BUILDING REPORTS www.caba.org/trm www.caba.org/brightgreen FREE2/28/2012 14
  • 15. Technology Usage/Purchase PlansTechnology Currently Use Might Purchase• Smart Telephony 30% 64%• Telepresence 15% 64%• Active RFID 9% 64%• Smart Landscaping 9% 55%• Intelligent Bathrooms 9% 52%• Audio/Video Support 39% 48%• Combined Heat and Power/ 39% 45% Alternative Energy• Automated Parking 12% 45%• Green Buildings and LEED 48% 42% Certification• Digital Signage 21% 39% 2/28/2012 15
  • 16. Your Information Source for Home & Building Automation 1173 Cyrville Road, Suite 210 Ottawa, ON K1J 7S6 613.686.1814 888.798.CABA (2222) 613.744.7833 caba@caba.org www.caba.org www.caba.org/samples2/28/2012 16
  • 17. Oil Prices on the rise again2/28/2012 17
  • 18. Natural Gas Prices – Low For Now??2/28/2012 18
  • 19. Electricity and Peak Demand Charges –Time of Use Rates ????¢ 8¢ ? 12¢ ?4.7¢ / 5.5¢ 2/28/2012 19
  • 20. Conventional Cost AnalysisAverage Payback Period (PP) and Return on Investment (ROI) on single technology products.(Source: Energy Cost Savings Council)
  • 21. Reduce HVAC Requirements(Capital Costs)2/28/2012 21
  • 22. Reduced Lighting Requirements(Capital & Operating Costs)2/28/2012 22
  • 23. Is this Tinted Glass Building Green and Intelligent ?What are the tradeoffs in HVAC, Daylighting & Productivity 2/28/2012 23
  • 24. Comfort “The best sustainable designs are not just environmentally responsible. They also produce buildings where employees can thrive and productivity can soar” Christine Ervin President and CEO U.S. Green Building Council “Using green building strategies can result in increases in occupant performance measures by 6 to 26 percent.” William D. Browning Founder of Green Development Services and Senior Associate of Rocky Mountain Institute2/28/2012 24
  • 25. Green and Intelligent Building Convergence Review Energy management for HVAC, Lighting & Demand Response – CBIP – Energy Star Green Buildings – Environment - LEED & Green Globe Access and Security for safety of occupants and visitors Cabling and Wireless to increase revenue and lower costs Communications to increase value and productivity Digital Signage for instant information and advertising Interconnectivity to other buildings and the community Smart Grid and Demand Response Ready 2/28/2012 25
  • 26. Who is working on bringing these issues all together to evaluate alternatives and make sound economic choices? CABA INTELLIGENT & INTEGRATED BUILDINGS COUNCIL Developed the BIQ Rating System for IB with Appraisal Institute and EPA Energy Star support  www.caba.org/biq Life-Cycle Cost Analysis Tool with Reed Construction Data/RSMeans  www.caba.org/lifecycle Developed a New Intelligent Building Roadmap  www.caba.org/ibrm 2/28/2012 26
  • 27. Analyzing the Life Cycle Cost ofIntegrated Building Systems  Produced by: Thomas J. Lohner, P.E.  Vice President, TENG Solutions 2/28/2012 27
  • 28. Systems Integration -Comparative Life Cycle Cost  You Can Not Afford Not to do it Right2/28/2012 28
  • 29. Facility IntegrationLife Cycle Costs  First Cost  Changes, Additions & Upgrades  Operating & Maintenance  Utility Costs 2/28/2012 29
  • 30. Typical Building Approach to Automation No Integration ! 5 User Interface Workstations!Emergency Generator Main Service Switchgear Computer Room A/C UPS Door Access Control & HVAC Control System Lighting Control System Intrusion Detection Fire Management System
  • 31. Non-Integrated Building Engineering Left up to Contractors Sole Sourcing Required to Provide Integration - $$$$ Stand Alone Systems - Single Purpose Nobody Responsible for Technology Integration2/28/2012 31
  • 32. Partial Integration Concept Proprietary Control Sub-systems Modbus Database Client FMS Workstation Server Main Service Switchgear Web Server Facility IP Network Security Console Emergency GeneratorSNMP over IP Computer Web Server Room A/C Web Server Web Server Web ServerUPS Door Access Control & Lighting Control System HVAC Control System Fire Management System Intrusion Detection
  • 33. Partial Integration Issues Software Integration on IP networks Use Web Enabled - FMS Application Program Methodology Employed for Existing Buildings Hardware Intensive - Many I/O Servers2/28/2012 33
  • 34. BENEFITSPartial Integration  Single User Interface for all Systems  Web based GUI - Defacto Standard  Permits Migration to Open Control Networks - Competitive Bids !  Permits Development of Campus Wide Relational Database  Database Permits - Maintenance Management , Energy Management , Asset Management, etc.2/28/2012 34
  • 35. Full Integration Concept Open Standards Based Control Sub-systems Modbus Database Client FMS Workstation Server Main Service Switchgear Web Server Facility IP Network Security Console Emergency GeneratorSNMP over IP Web Server LONTALK - EIA 709.1 & Computer Web Room A/C BACNET – ANSI/ASHRAE Server 135AUPS Door Access Control, Intrusion Detection, Lighting & HVAC Control System Fire Management System
  • 36. Full Integration Issues Open Standards Applied Where Possible I/O Servers Minimized Number of Devices Reduced - Shared Information2/28/2012 36
  • 37. BENEFITSFull Integration  Same as Partial Integration Approach PLUS  Competitive Bids in each Building  Integrated Building Sub-systems  Lighting, HVAC, Power Management and Security Lowest Life Cycle Cost Approach2/28/2012 37
  • 38. Non-Integrated HVAC, Lighting & Intrusion Detection Echelon World Headquarters Dimmable Lighting Control VAV Boxes No Occupancy Control Blinds & 24v Wiring
  • 39. Integrated HVAC, Lighting, Intrusion Detection & Blind Control Echelon World Headquarters User Scene Control SwitchLighting, HVAC & OccupancySensor Control Trunk Sensor and 120v Wiring
  • 40. Changes, Additions and Upgrades Issues Cost Premium Paid for Additions & Changes to Proprietary Controls Limit Scope of Future Improvements and Modifications Cost Premium for Non Competitive Service Contracts2/28/2012 40
  • 41. System Integration Life Cycle Cost Summary Non- Integrated Partial FullLife Cycle Cost Component Building Integration IntegrationComparitive First Cost $75,000 $78,000 $33,000Changes, Upgrades & Additions $129,379 $126,379 $88,052Operating & Maintenance $21,250 $5,250 $3,750Utility Cost $200,000 $179,400 $179,400 Net Present Value $2,325,232 $2,074,091 $1,773,493 Discount Rate 9% Life Cycle Period (yrs) 10 Savings $551,739 $300,598
  • 42. Conclusion:  Full Integration will Result in the Lowest Net Present Value  The Value of the Integrated Approach will Increase w/ IT Advances  Information will be your Competitive Advantage 2/28/2012 42
  • 43. What are the opportunities to get funding for upgrades and retrofit alternatives that provide lower life cycle costs? Federal Government Programs Ontario Energy Board funding for Enbridge and Union Gas Demand Side Management Ontario Power Authority Conservation Programs Local Distribution Companies – Powerwise Energy Service Companies (ESCO) Financial Institutions for Leasing or Borrowing Private energy companies for onsite generation Demand Response and Smart Grid options 2/28/2012 43
  • 44. 2/28/2012 44
  • 45. 2/28/2012 45
  • 46. 2/28/2012 46
  • 47. 2/28/2012 47
  • 48. Demand Response Marketplace and DR programs in OntarioDemand-Response-Shop.comCollaboration Project with Sheridan College-Building Intelligence Quotient-RFQ Strategies partially funded by Ontario Centres of ExcellenceDavid KatzBiQ Program ManagerPrincipal - Sustainable Environmental SolutionsConnectivity Week - May 24, 2010Information on Ontario Power Authority Programs are generalizations andsubject to change 2/28/2012 48
  • 49. Demand Response and BAS Improvements Ontario Power Authority Integrated Power System Plan Conservation - LEED – Green Globe –BOMA BESt Conservation Measures - Technology Distributed Generation Opportunities Standard Offers – Renewable – Clean Energy Demand Response Programs DR Technologies – Building Sector Demand Response Shop website Smart Grid –Building2Grid optimization Questions 2/28/2012 49
  • 50. Old and New Technologies Previous technologies now economic New technologies save and measure it Building Automation more Intelligent Occupancy, Demand HVAC, Daylighting LEED and Green Globe Credits Life cycle costs and low cost of funds Peak and Energy reduction targets now mandated to each of 80+ Ontario LDC’s2/28/2012 50
  • 51. Demand Response Technologies Lighting – Dimming – Occupancy -Daylighting Raise Cooling Temperature – Casual Day Clothes Chiller Optimization – Hartman LOOP Chillers - Gas Driven – Absorption Thermal Storage – ICE - Water VSD – Pumps – Fans - Reprogram On site Generation – Economics? Windows - Shades -Tinting 2/28/2012 51
  • 52. Demand Response #3 Contractual Load Shedding with DR aggregator Schedule Term (1, 3, or 5 yrs) Contracted Dispatch Period Election of Option A (100 hrs) or Option B (200 hrs) Not Fully Available for Curtailment Election: (1) using the four hour period prior to Curtailment or (2) the four hour period prior to receiving an Activation Notice Different rates for Standard, Premium, Discount areas Some areas of province are X no participation allowed due to system conditions and contracts with others. 2/28/2012 52
  • 53. 2/28/2012 53
  • 54. List of Participating Aggregators Some withdrew2/28/2012 54
  • 55. 2/28/2012 55
  • 56. (BUILDING INTELLIGENCE QUOTIENT CONSORTIUM) IN COLLABORATION WITHSheridan College Institute of Technology and Advanced Learning LAUNCH DEMAND-RESPONSE-SHOP-CONSORTIUM (DRSC) AND DEMAND-RESPONSE-SHOP.COM AND .CA
  • 57. - an online tool Rating and Certification(demonstrates theadded value) +Upgrade Design andImplementation Guidance(demystifiesimplementation)
  • 58. SCREENOf BiQFor buildinginfo after log-in 2/28/2012 58
  • 59. Building Intelligence Quotient AssessmentChart of BiQ rating for each section generated as part of the report Report for Middleton HallMiddleton Hall achieved an overall rating of 78% at the New system/Upgrade Stage Integrated design Education Selection of sub-systems Value factors for automation systems Business considerationsSubsystem stand-alone custom features Subsystem stand-alone performance Interaction among subsystems BAS Equipment 0 20 40 60 80 100
  • 60. Secure Procurement System for RFI, RFQ and RFP with on linesubmissions and processing reverse auction and other capabilities
  • 61. Secure Procurement System for RFI, RFQ and RFP with on linesubmissions and processing reverse auction and other capabilities
  • 62. Summary GRID has massive investment needs Conservation finally getting recognition Renewable energy needs incentives but offer environmental and health benefits Distributed Clean generation can play a large role and can be profitable Demand Response can be part of solution Peak Shaping – Shedding – Shaving Education on DR and the Building 2 Smart Grid is essential – Demand-Response-Shop.com addressing the need and providing the facilitation for maximizing DR incentives and linking to energy efficiency 2/28/2012 62
  • 63. Contact Info David Katz, MBA, BA Sustainable Resources Management Inc. 6 Morning Gloryway Toronto, Ontario Canada M2H 3M2 Tel: 416-493-9232 Fax: 416-493-5366 Email: dkatz@sustainable.on.ca Building Intelligence Quotient Consortium Email: dkatz@building-iq.com2/28/2012 63

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