What you need to do… <ul><li>Everyone : Get out your Comp book and 44 Country Europe Map. </li></ul><ul><li>Treasurer :   ...
Agenda <ul><li>Go over 44 European Countries </li></ul><ul><li>Notes: Crusades </li></ul><ul><li>Questions for Crusades </...
Objectives <ul><li>Review the 44 European countries for the Map Test </li></ul><ul><li>Understand the  effect  of the crus...
Croatia Serbia Bosnia and Herzegovina Montenegro Albania Macedonia Greece
Russia
Ukraine Romania Moldova Estonia Latvia Lithuania Bulgaria Belarus Russia Poland
Germany Poland Czech Republic Austria Slovenia Slovakia Hungary
700  800  900  1000  1100  1200 Muslims Conquer Palestine Reconquista 800  700 AD Church of the Holy Sepulchre Toledo, Spa...
700  800  900  1000  1100  1200 Muslims Conquer Palestine Reconquista 800  700     1400  First Crusade Second...
<ul><li>Discuss at your Tables </li></ul><ul><li>How do we know whose land “owns” a certain piece of land? Can you think o...
IV. The Crusades
 
<ul><li>It is necessary to look for the origin of a crusading ideal in the struggle between Christians and Muslims in  Spa...
 
<ul><li>Review </li></ul><ul><li>Who was the Frankish leader who halted the Muslim advances at the  Battle of Tours . </li...
<ul><li>Review </li></ul><ul><li>Who was the Frankish leader who halted the Muslim advances at the  Battle of Tours . </li...
IV. The Crusades <ul><li>Muslim Turks   invade Byzantine Empire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pope Urban II: Call to Capture  Jeru...
IV. The Crusades <ul><li>Muslim Turks   invade Byzantine Empire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pope Urban II: Call to Capture  Jeru...
IV. The Crusades <ul><li>Muslim Turks   invade Byzantine Empire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pope Urban II: Call to Capture  Jeru...
IV. The Crusades <ul><li>Muslim Turks   invade Byzantine Empire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pope Urban II: Call to Capture  Jeru...
IV. The Crusades <ul><li>Muslim Turks  invade Byzantine Empire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pope Urban II: Call to Capture  Jerus...
 
IV. The Crusades <ul><li>Second Crusade </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Muslims fight back </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Saladin :  Egy...
IV. The Crusades <ul><li>Second Crusade </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Muslims fight back </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Saladin :  Egy...
IV. The Crusades <ul><li>Fourth Crusade </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Merchants used it as an excuse to sack  Constantinople. </li...
IV. Effects of the Crusades <ul><li>Effects of Crusades </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Helped break down  feudalism. </li></ul></ul...
Costa’s Questions Level One Level Two Level Three Define Analyze Evaluate Describe Compare Hypothesize List Contrast Imagi...
Costa’s Questions Level One Level Two Level Three Define Analyze Evaluate Describe Compare Hypothesize List Contrast Imagi...
Example Level One Question <ul><li>Define the term crusade. </li></ul>
Costa’s Questions Level One Level Two Level Three Define Analyze Evaluate Describe Compare Hypothesize List Contrast Imagi...
Costa’s Questions Level One Level Two Level Three Define Analyze Evaluate Describe Compare Hypothesize List Contrast Imagi...
Example Level Two Question <ul><li>Compare the first crusade and the second crusade. How were they the same and how were t...
Costa’s Questions Level One Level Two Level Three Define Analyze Evaluate Describe Compare Hypothesize List Contrast Imagi...
Costa’s Questions Level One Level Two Level Three Define Analyze Evaluate Describe Compare Hypothesize List Contrast Imagi...
Example Level Three Question <ul><ul><li>How might the world have been different if the Europeans had won the third crusad...
Your Job for the rest of the period… <ul><li>Write a level one, level two, and level three question for Crusades Section <...
Costa’s Questions Level One Level Two Level Three Define Analyze Evaluate Describe Compare Hypothesize List Contrast Imagi...
I. Religious and Society <ul><li>Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Level 1 (describe): What new religious orders developed durin...
I. Religious and Society <ul><li>Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Level 1: Name the place where nuns lived. </li></ul><ul><li>L...
I. Religious and Society <ul><li>Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Level 1 (list): Who was the founder of the Franciscans </li><...
I. Religious and Society <ul><li>Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Level 1 (define): What are sacraments? </li></ul><ul><li>Leve...
I. Religious and Society <ul><li>Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Level 1 (define): Define saints. </li></ul><ul><li>Level 2 (a...
I. Religious and Society <ul><li>Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Notes </li></ul><ul><li>Heresy: Practices that go against the...
II. Medieval Culture
II. Medieval Culture <ul><li>Architecture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Showed importance of religion in the middle ages </li></ul...
 
Symmetrical Mirror
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
II. Medieval Culture <ul><li>Architecture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Showed importance of religion in the middle ages </li></ul...
II. Medieval Culture <ul><li>Architecture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Showed importance of religion in the middle ages </li></ul...
 
 
 
II. Medieval Culture <ul><li>Architecture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Showed importance of religion in the middle ages </li></ul...
II. Medieval Culture <ul><li>Architecture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Showed importance of religion in the middle ages </li></ul...
II. Medieval Culture <ul><li>Architecture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Showed importance of religion in the middle ages </li></ul...
II. Medieval Culture <ul><li>Architecture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Showed importance of religion in the middle ages </li></ul...
II. Medieval Culture <ul><li>Architecture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Showed importance of religion in the middle ages </li></ul...
II. Medieval Culture <ul><li>Architecture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Showed importance of religion in the middle ages </li></ul...
II. Medieval Culture <ul><li>Architecture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Showed importance of religion in the middle ages </li></ul...
 
 
II. Medieval Culture <ul><li>Oxford  University </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One of the first Universities in England </li></ul><...
II. Medieval Culture <ul><li>Thomas Aquinas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Changed the study of theology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li...
II. Medieval Culture <ul><li>Vernacular  Literature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Language of the people. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
Parliament Saladin Czar Trial Jury Clergy Common Law Habeas Corpus Magna Carta Crusade Effects of the Crusades Vernacular ...
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6.3.4

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  • 6.3.4

    1. 1. What you need to do… <ul><li>Everyone : Get out your Comp book and 44 Country Europe Map. </li></ul><ul><li>Treasurer : Put up your flag and get your folder </li></ul><ul><li>Bishop : Get one glue stick for your group from the back counter. </li></ul><ul><li>Sheriff : Get one page of notes for each person in your group on the back table from the back counter.. </li></ul><ul><li>Scribe : Use the gluestick to glue the notes into every notebook in your group. </li></ul><ul><li>Lord : Make sure everyone in your group is doing the warm-up </li></ul>
    2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Go over 44 European Countries </li></ul><ul><li>Notes: Crusades </li></ul><ul><li>Questions for Crusades </li></ul><ul><li>Handout: Religious Society in the Middle Ages </li></ul>
    3. 3. Objectives <ul><li>Review the 44 European countries for the Map Test </li></ul><ul><li>Understand the effect of the crusades on Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Write high level question cornell notes </li></ul><ul><li>Learn about religious society in the middle ages </li></ul>
    4. 4. Croatia Serbia Bosnia and Herzegovina Montenegro Albania Macedonia Greece
    5. 5. Russia
    6. 6. Ukraine Romania Moldova Estonia Latvia Lithuania Bulgaria Belarus Russia Poland
    7. 7. Germany Poland Czech Republic Austria Slovenia Slovakia Hungary
    8. 8. 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 Muslims Conquer Palestine Reconquista 800 700 AD Church of the Holy Sepulchre Toledo, Spain Discuss at your Table What three religions believe Jerusalem is a holy city?
    9. 9. 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 Muslims Conquer Palestine Reconquista 800 700  1400 First Crusade Second Crusade 1095 1147 Third Crusade 1187 Fourth Crusade 1202 Magna Carta Hugh Capet Philip II
    10. 10. <ul><li>Discuss at your Tables </li></ul><ul><li>How do we know whose land “owns” a certain piece of land? Can you think of an example where people cannot agree on who owns a certain piece of land? </li></ul>
    11. 11. IV. The Crusades
    12. 13. <ul><li>It is necessary to look for the origin of a crusading ideal in the struggle between Christians and Muslims in Spain and consider how the idea of a holy war emerged from this background. </li></ul><ul><li>— Norman F. Cantor </li></ul>Jihad Crusade Reconquista Her’im
    13. 15. <ul><li>Review </li></ul><ul><li>Who was the Frankish leader who halted the Muslim advances at the Battle of Tours . </li></ul>
    14. 16. <ul><li>Review </li></ul><ul><li>Who was the Frankish leader who halted the Muslim advances at the Battle of Tours . </li></ul><ul><li>Charles Martel </li></ul>
    15. 17. IV. The Crusades <ul><li>Muslim Turks invade Byzantine Empire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pope Urban II: Call to Capture Jerusalem </li></ul></ul>
    16. 18. IV. The Crusades <ul><li>Muslim Turks invade Byzantine Empire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pope Urban II: Call to Capture Jerusalem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free Holy land from Muslims </li></ul></ul>
    17. 19. IV. The Crusades <ul><li>Muslim Turks invade Byzantine Empire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pope Urban II: Call to Capture Jerusalem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free Holy land from Muslims </li></ul></ul><ul><li>&quot;Although…you have promised…to keep the peace…there remains still an important work for you to do…your brethren who live in the east are in urgent need of your help, and you must hasten to give them the aid which has often been promised them.” –Pope Urban II </li></ul>Council of Clermont
    18. 20. IV. The Crusades <ul><li>Muslim Turks invade Byzantine Empire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pope Urban II: Call to Capture Jerusalem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free Holy land from Muslims </li></ul></ul><ul><li>First Crusade </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Crusaders capture Jerusalem </li></ul></ul>
    19. 21. IV. The Crusades <ul><li>Muslim Turks invade Byzantine Empire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pope Urban II: Call to Capture Jerusalem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free Holy land from Muslims </li></ul></ul><ul><li>First Crusade </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Crusaders capture Jerusalem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Four Crusader states </li></ul></ul>Edessa Tripoli Antioch Jerusalem
    20. 23. IV. The Crusades <ul><li>Second Crusade </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Muslims fight back </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Saladin : Egyptian ruler who captured Jerusalem </li></ul></ul>
    21. 24. IV. The Crusades <ul><li>Second Crusade </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Muslims fight back </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Saladin : Egyptian ruler who captured Jerusalem </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Third Crusade </li></ul><ul><ul><li>France, Germany and the Holy Roman Empire joined together to fight Saladin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ended in a truce </li></ul></ul>
    22. 25. IV. The Crusades <ul><li>Fourth Crusade </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Merchants used it as an excuse to sack Constantinople. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weakened Byzantine Empire </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Later Crusades were very unsuccessful and Muslims regained the land lost to Christians. </li></ul>West East Great Schism
    23. 26. IV. Effects of the Crusades <ul><li>Effects of Crusades </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Helped break down feudalism. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased trade between Europe and the Middle East </li></ul></ul>
    24. 27. Costa’s Questions Level One Level Two Level Three Define Analyze Evaluate Describe Compare Hypothesize List Contrast Imagine Observe Group Judge Recite Infer Predict
    25. 28. Costa’s Questions Level One Level Two Level Three Define Analyze Evaluate Describe Compare Hypothesize List Contrast Imagine Observe Group Judge Recite Infer Predict
    26. 29. Example Level One Question <ul><li>Define the term crusade. </li></ul>
    27. 30. Costa’s Questions Level One Level Two Level Three Define Analyze Evaluate Describe Compare Hypothesize List Contrast Imagine Observe Group Judge Recite Infer Predict
    28. 31. Costa’s Questions Level One Level Two Level Three Define Analyze Evaluate Describe Compare Hypothesize List Contrast Imagine Observe Group Judge Recite Infer Predict
    29. 32. Example Level Two Question <ul><li>Compare the first crusade and the second crusade. How were they the same and how were they different? </li></ul>
    30. 33. Costa’s Questions Level One Level Two Level Three Define Analyze Evaluate Describe Compare Hypothesize List Contrast Imagine Observe Group Judge Recite Infer Predict
    31. 34. Costa’s Questions Level One Level Two Level Three Define Analyze Evaluate Describe Compare Hypothesize List Contrast Imagine Observe Group Judge Recite Infer Predict
    32. 35. Example Level Three Question <ul><ul><li>How might the world have been different if the Europeans had won the third crusade instead of calling a truce with Saladin? </li></ul></ul>
    33. 36. Your Job for the rest of the period… <ul><li>Write a level one, level two, and level three question for Crusades Section </li></ul><ul><li>Raise your hand when your group has finished so Mr. Kam can check your questions </li></ul><ul><li>Start working on the Religious Society handout </li></ul><ul><li>Work on homework or study map </li></ul>
    34. 37. Costa’s Questions Level One Level Two Level Three Define Analyze Evaluate Describe Compare Hypothesize List Contrast Imagine Observe Group Judge Recite Infer Predict
    35. 38. I. Religious and Society <ul><li>Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Level 1 (describe): What new religious orders developed during the Middle ages? </li></ul><ul><li>Level 2 (infer): From the text, what can you infer about Bernard’s attitudes toward war? </li></ul><ul><li>Level 3 (imagine): What might a world look like if all people defended the poor like Bernard of Clairvaux? </li></ul><ul><li>Notes </li></ul><ul><li>New religious orders developed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cistercian Monks : Farmed the land as well as worshipped and prayed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bernard of Clairvaux: Promoted the second crusade, advised the pope, and defended the poor </li></ul></ul>
    36. 39. I. Religious and Society <ul><li>Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Level 1: Name the place where nuns lived. </li></ul><ul><li>Level 2 (Compare): Compare and contrast monks and friars. </li></ul><ul><li>Level 3 (hypothesize): How common do you think it was for women to write music for the Catholic church? </li></ul><ul><li>Notes </li></ul><ul><li>Convents: Place where nuns lived. One particularly famous nun was Hildegard of Bingen who wrote music for the church. </li></ul><ul><li>Monastaries: Place where monks lived </li></ul>Friars Monks Went out into the world to preach Stayed in monasteries separate from the world.
    37. 40. I. Religious and Society <ul><li>Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Level 1 (list): Who was the founder of the Franciscans </li></ul><ul><li>Level 2 (Compare): After analysis of the different orders, were Dominicans more like Friars or more like Monks? </li></ul><ul><li>Level 3 (predict): Are there still people today that defend their church teachings? </li></ul><ul><li>Notes </li></ul><ul><li>Franciscans and Dominicans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Franciscans founded by St. Francis of Assisi and taught Christianity to the people. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dominicans: Goal was to defend church teachings. </li></ul></ul>
    38. 41. I. Religious and Society <ul><li>Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Level 1 (define): What are sacraments? </li></ul><ul><li>Level 2 (Compare): Compare the Catholic church sacraments to the Russian Orthodox sacraments. </li></ul><ul><li>Level 3 (evaluate): Why might the church have rituals? What are their importance in the Catholic church? </li></ul><ul><li>Notes </li></ul><ul><li>Catholic Church: Life revolved around the Catholic church. The Catholic worship service was known as mass . During these service, Christians took part in church rituals called sacraments (the most important being communion ) </li></ul>
    39. 42. I. Religious and Society <ul><li>Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Level 1 (define): Define saints. </li></ul><ul><li>Level 2 (analyze): Analyze the pros and cons of having saints in a religion. </li></ul><ul><li>Level 3 (judge): Are saints needed to have a religion? </li></ul><ul><li>Notes </li></ul><ul><li>In the Catholic tradition, Christians often prayed to saints who were holy men and women who had died and Christians believed were in heaven. Mary (the mother of God) was the most important saint. </li></ul>
    40. 43. I. Religious and Society <ul><li>Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Notes </li></ul><ul><li>Heresy: Practices that go against the church </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-Semitism: Hatred of the Jews. </li></ul>
    41. 44. II. Medieval Culture
    42. 45. II. Medieval Culture <ul><li>Architecture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Showed importance of religion in the middle ages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cathedrals : Large Churches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Romanesque </li></ul></ul></ul>
    43. 47. Symmetrical Mirror
    44. 55. II. Medieval Culture <ul><li>Architecture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Showed importance of religion in the middle ages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cathedrals: Large Churches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Romanesque </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gothic </li></ul></ul></ul>
    45. 56. II. Medieval Culture <ul><li>Architecture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Showed importance of religion in the middle ages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cathedrals: Large Churches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Romanesque </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gothic </li></ul></ul></ul>
    46. 60. II. Medieval Culture <ul><li>Architecture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Showed importance of religion in the middle ages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cathedrals: Large Churches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Romanesque </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gothic </li></ul></ul></ul>
    47. 61. II. Medieval Culture <ul><li>Architecture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Showed importance of religion in the middle ages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cathedrals: Large Churches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Romanesque </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gothic </li></ul></ul></ul>Barrel Vault
    48. 62. II. Medieval Culture <ul><li>Architecture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Showed importance of religion in the middle ages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cathedrals: Large Churches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Romanesque </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gothic </li></ul></ul></ul>Ribbed Vault
    49. 63. II. Medieval Culture <ul><li>Architecture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Showed importance of religion in the middle ages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cathedrals: Large Churches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Romanesque </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gothic </li></ul></ul></ul>Ribbed Vault
    50. 64. II. Medieval Culture <ul><li>Architecture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Showed importance of religion in the middle ages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cathedrals: Large Churches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Romanesque </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gothic </li></ul></ul></ul>Ribbed Vault
    51. 65. II. Medieval Culture <ul><li>Architecture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Showed importance of religion in the middle ages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cathedrals: Large Churches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Romanesque </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gothic </li></ul></ul></ul>Flying Buttresses
    52. 66. II. Medieval Culture <ul><li>Architecture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Showed importance of religion in the middle ages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cathedrals: Large Churches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Romanesque </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gothic </li></ul></ul></ul>Flying Buttresses
    53. 69. II. Medieval Culture <ul><li>Oxford University </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One of the first Universities in England </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Could earn doctorate in law, medicine or theology (study of God) </li></ul></ul>
    54. 70. II. Medieval Culture <ul><li>Thomas Aquinas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Changed the study of theology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scholasticism : Combined church teachings with Aristotle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural Law: Some laws are part of human nature. </li></ul></ul>
    55. 71. II. Medieval Culture <ul><li>Vernacular Literature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Language of the people. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Troubadour poetry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heroic Epic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Song of Roland </li></ul></ul>
    56. 72. Parliament Saladin Czar Trial Jury Clergy Common Law Habeas Corpus Magna Carta Crusade Effects of the Crusades Vernacular Theology Anti-Semitism Heresy Mass Nuns Cathedrals Universities Thomas Aquinas
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