The Southern Colonies
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The Southern Colonies

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The Southern Colonies The Southern Colonies Presentation Transcript

  • The Southern Colonies
  • 1605
    • Company of English merchants asked King James I for right to establish settlements in North America.
    • 1606: Granted.
    • Name of Settlement : JAMESTOWN
  • London Company
    • Joint Stock Company
    • Group shares the:
    • Risk
    • Cost
  • April 26 th , 1607
    • 105 colonists arrive in America
    • Jamestown: first permanent English settlement in North America
    • Does NOT begin well….
  • NOT Prepared
    • Men were adventures, NOT farmers
    • Lack of Preparation cost many lives
    • Jamestown surrounded by marshes: -area infested with disease carrying mosquitoes (malaria)
    • Winter arrives: 2/3 of the people dead. (70 people dead out of 105)
  • Powhatan Confederacy
    • John Smith takes control of Jamestown and things improve (1608):
    • Built a fort
    • Forced settlers to work harder
    • Built better homes
    • Created rules for more food if perform well
  • Smith Makes deal with Powhatan
    • The Deal: the Powhatan agrees to bring food to the colonists and teach them how to grow corn. (big plus)
  • The Starving Time
    • 1609: 400 more colonists arrive at Jamestown
    • Winter: disease and famine hit once again.
    • 1610: 60 people remained
  • John Rohlf Enters the Scene
    • Before Rohlf, no profit being made by Jamestown
    • Rohlf introduces Tobacco
    • Sold very well in England
    • Very valuable, help earn money
    • PROFIT
  • War In Virginia
    • Rohlf marries Pocahontas: helped to create a peaceful relation with the Powhatan
    • Pocahontas dies in London with Rohlf
    • War breaks out in Virginia between the Powhatan and Jamestown.
      • Last 20 years.
  • Daily Life in Virginia
    • Tobacco plantations: produce tobacco which is very valuable. Used as money.
  • Headright System
    • Colonists pay their own way to Virginia:
    • --they receive 50 acres of land for free
    • 2. For each additional person brought to Jamestown: another 50 acres of land per person.
    • Huge Incentive for bringing over more people
    • People are getting massive amounts of land, huge plantations. NEED workers!
    • The effects……..
  • The Effects of the Headright system:
    • Rich people get A LOT of land
    • Rich people do NOT want to do the work
    • Rich people need a labor force: **indentured servitude**
    • Indentured Servant: work without pay for the person who paid for your trip to America.
  • Labor Shortage=Slavery Expands
    • High death rates due to disease
    • Indentured servants finish their seven years and not willing to work for someone.
    • Demand for workers greater than people willing to work.
    • RESULT: Slavery (1619)
  • Summary
    • Things making it tough on the Jamestown settlement:
    • adventurers, not farmers
      • --Famine
    • Marshy area: malaria
    • War with Powhatan (after Pocahontas dies)
    • Headright system: indentured servants and slavery
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