Roman Republic Guided Notes

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Roman Republic Guided Notes

  1. 1. Roman Republic
  2. 2. Republic Begins <ul><li>Two Types of People in Ancient Rome: </li></ul>
  3. 3. 1. Patricians
  4. 4. 2. Plebians
  5. 5. Republic Begins…. <ul><li>After Rome drove out the Etruscans , they established a Republic: </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens have the right to: </li></ul><ul><li>1. 2. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Leaders of the Roman Republic Called: <ul><li>Representatives </li></ul>
  7. 7. Representatives Served in governing body called: <ul><li>Senate </li></ul>
  8. 8. Early Days of the Republic… <ul><li>At first, Republic only ran by Patricians </li></ul><ul><li>Senate: ALL PATRICIANS </li></ul><ul><li>Is that the case today? </li></ul><ul><li>Average Salary of United States Senate and Representatives: </li></ul><ul><li>$200,000 </li></ul>
  9. 9. Consuls <ul><li>Each Year, 2 patricians choosen as Consuls </li></ul><ul><li>What did Consuls do? </li></ul><ul><li>Manage Army </li></ul><ul><li>Veto Each other </li></ul><ul><li>Time of Emergency: One Consul appointed in charge……….. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Dictator
  11. 11. Rome Gets bigger… <ul><li>As Rome gets bigger, Plebeians spoke out against the power of the Patricians </li></ul><ul><li>**Plebeians demand more Rights** </li></ul><ul><li>--having a hard time surviving </li></ul><ul><li>Senate Listens: </li></ul><ul><li>-Appoints men to protect the rights of the Plebeians. </li></ul><ul><li>**This is called a Tribune** </li></ul><ul><li>Tribune could stop any action by yelling, “VETO!” </li></ul>
  12. 12. Wars with Carthage… <ul><li>Carthage: Large City-state located in Northern Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Great Power </li></ul><ul><li>Powerful Military </li></ul>
  13. 14. WAR… <ul><li>Rome fought Carthage in 3 wars that took 120 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Long time??? </li></ul><ul><li>-These wars were called the………… </li></ul>
  14. 16. Punic Wars <ul><li>Rome won ALL wars with Carthage. </li></ul><ul><li>2 nd Punic War most daring: </li></ul><ul><li>Carthage General Hannibal took army Across the Alps on Elephants and surprise attacked Rome. </li></ul><ul><li>*Scipio: Roman General. Counter attacked Carthage, forcing Hannibal to return. </li></ul>
  15. 17. Republic Ends… <ul><li>Wealth Poured into Rome </li></ul><ul><li>-Result: Rich get richer, Poor get Poorer </li></ul><ul><li>Homes and Land were devastated by war. </li></ul><ul><li>Gain great wealth and power by Leading Conquests. </li></ul>
  16. 18. MOST FAMOUS… <ul><li>Julius Caesar </li></ul><ul><li>-Conquered many lands </li></ul><ul><li>-Became ruler of Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced Slaves </li></ul><ul><li>Increased Jobs </li></ul>
  17. 19. Patricians Angered… <ul><li>Caesar’s increase of power ANGERED Patricians. </li></ul><ul><li>*They feared Caesar would END republic. </li></ul><ul><li>-Caesar Killed </li></ul><ul><li>-Republic Ends </li></ul><ul><li>-Lasted 500 years. </li></ul>

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