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Pompeii

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Transcript

  • 1.  
  • 2. 6.W.2.3. Identify the Contributions of the Mediterranean Civilizations 6.W.1.3. Explain the development of Mediterranean civilizations
  • 3. Objectives
    • Students will be able to explain why Pompeii is important
    • Students will be able to chronicle the events of Pompeii’s destruction.
    • Students will be able to identify a primary source.
  • 4. Welcome to Pompeii
  • 5. Pompeii: The City Large City: 20,000 people 3 Days journey from Rome Center for Trade:
  • 6. Pompeii: Foreign Influences
  • 7. Pompeii: Popular Spot
    • Because of
    • And vibrant life:
    • Emperor Nero
    • Visited often.
  • 8. Pompeii: City of Commerce
  • 9. Pompeii: Diverse Jobs
  • 10. Pompeii: The Final Day August 24 th , 79 AD
  • 11. Mt. Vesuvius is awakened…
    • The people did NOT know this was a volcano.
    • City of Pompeii built on hardened lava from previous eruption.
  • 12. The Final Day…
    • Started Out like normal, people going about their business as usual.
    • First volcanic ash started falling mid-afternoon.
    • Some begin to flee: They realize the seismic shock is not weakening
  • 13. Obstacles to fleeing
    • 1. Darkness due to dense cloud of ash coming from Volcano
    • 2. Difficult breathing the ash-filled air.
    • 3. Continuous rain of pumice blocking way
  • 14. No Let up From Vesuvius…
    • Accumulation of Pumice blocked windows and doorways turning Homes into Tombs.
    • Buildings collapse on top of people
  • 15. Vesuvius Tricks the People
    • Sunset, Volcanic activity seems to lessen.
    • Remaining Survivors emerge from shelter and begin searching for escape routes.
    • By Dawn, 3 rd surge hits Pompeii, killing everyone else remaining.
  • 16. The End…
    • 7:30 a.m. – 8:00 a.m.: Final Surge from Vesuvius hits Pompeii, completely burying city.
  • 17. Why Pompeii is Important
    • Scientists and Historians have learned a LOT about the Roman Empire from Pompeii—Close to each other=similar style
    • Vesuvius ‘sealed’ the city of Pompeii with its ash, making a time capsule from the Roman Empire
    • Almost entire city, including the people, were preserved just as it was on that Last Day in Pompeii.
  • 18. The Excavation…
    • 1748: Archaeologists begin “digging” Pompeii out of the Ash
    • Humans Preserved: The casts of Human Bodies………….
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  • 31. Vesuvius Rests Quietly…. … .For Now….